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Governance Issues in MDM 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Governance Issues in MDM 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Governance Issues in MDM 1

2 2 India’s Growth Story 1951-2014 2

3 Decline in poverty (as % of total population) 3

4 Monthly per capita exp (2011-12 prices) RURAL 4

5 Monthly per capita exp (2011-12 prices) URBAN 5

6 6

7 Per capita daily availability (grams) 7

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10 Food Groups Recommended Daily Intake (g/day) Per capita daily consumption (g/day), 2009-10 RuralUrban Cereals and Millets400375308 Pulses802126 Milk and dairy products200139181 Vegetables300133135 Eggs, fish and meat601721 Oils302127 Sugar402327 10

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13 Underweight children below 5 years (2013) 13

14 Underweight children below 5 years (2013) 14

15 Rationale Preventing classroom hunger Promoting school participation Facilitating healthy growth of children Intrinsic educational value Fostering social equality Enhancing gender equity Psychological Benefits 15

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17 Caste and Enrolment in Schools Covered by MDM 17

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19 MDM covered 10.44 Crore children of primary and upper primary classes in 12.12 Lakh Schools. Rs 48000 crores allocated for the programme during the 11 th five year plan; Rs 38,000 crores spent during the plan. Funds of Rs. 7619 crore (64%) released against the outlay of Rs 11,937 crore during the current financial year During ASER 2013, nationally, MDM was observed being served on the day of the visit in 87.2% of schools. This year, in 14 states, mid-day meals were seen in more than 90% of schools visited, but poor in Nagaland (28%), Manipur (40%), Meghalaya (46%), WB (63%), Bihar (73%) Coverage Coverage 19

20 MDM in UP % Non Coverage of Children vis-à-vis enrolment (Primary) District EnrolmentAvg. Availed MDM % Non Coverage % Severe Anemia among children % Severe Anemia among adolescent girls Shrawasti 1102603862765% 0.79.0 Rai Bareily 2033908036660% 1.318.6 Ambedkar nagar 1542376236060% 1.830.1 Mau 1678877167657% 2.224.4 Pilibhit 1524206675656% 1.329.8 Aligarh 1823998408854% 0.630.3 Barabanki 27321512840453% 1.418.2 Bhadohi 1266006000053% -- Banda 1778108512152% 4.352.5 Last Year poor Last 3 Years poor Shravasti,Pilibhit, Barabanki, Bhadohi and Mau State Level Anemia=3.0 Adolescent girls =28.8 State Level Coverage:54% 20

21 % Non Coverage of Children vis-à-vis enrolment (Upper Primary) District EnrolmentAvg. Availed MDM % Non Coverage Severe Anemia among children Severe Anemia among adolescent girls Mau 810603296459% 2.224.4 Shamli 23745 9673 59% -- Mainpuri 576392410458% 1.824.4 Pilibhit 744503128758% 1.329.8 Gorakhpur 1214735139658% 1.715.1 Bareily 987024210757% 3.125.6 Aligarh 1127954831457% 0.630.3 Sultanpur 847913664657% 2.113.2 Firozabad 629452802055% 4.925.8 Cont…. State Level Anemia=3.0 Adolescent girls =28.8 State Level Coverage:50% Last 3 Years poor Mau,Pilibhit 21

22 Less Coverage of Children vis-à-vis enrolment (Upper Primary – 18 Districts) DistrictEnrolmentAvg. Availed MDM % Non Coverage Severe Anemia among girls Muzaffarnagar 604681960968% 70.1 Bulandshahar 1012733306867% 12.1 Ambedkar nagar 849082789067% 30.1 Rai Bareily 940163240266% 18.6 Shrawasti 355081235265% 9.0 Hapur 26789 10059 62% - Agra 959223659262% 20.3 Badaun 976453898960% 43.3 Baghpat 365621484759% 61.7 State Level Anemia=3.0 Adolescent girls =28.8 State Level Coverage:50% 22

23 Mission Findings Assam - Continuous disruption in serving of meals in most of the schools of Nagaon District,, due to mismatch in availability of food grains and cooking cost. Rajasthan -Delay of 2-4 months in payment of cooking cost in Tonk; in Kota attendance in all the schools was between 40 and 55%. Bihar - supplied MDM on 180 days for primary and 177 days for upper primary against a norm of 230 days. 23

24 Mission findings Delhi - More than 90% meal samples failed to meet the standard of 12 gms of protein and 450 calories. NGOs in Delhi harvest huge monetary benefits. Uttarakhand - The State has not served MDM in 323 primary schools & 112 upper primary schools Rajasthan - The kitchens where the fire wood was used, lot of smoke was disturbing the school environment Karnataka - Low utilization of Food Grains (57%) since last two years; delay of 2-6 monthsin receiving MDM funds 24

25 Social Audit, Andhra Pradesh Each gunny bag weighs 3-4 Kg less than the required 50 Kg Poor quality rice is served in the meals. Mostly rice is broken & filled with stones & worms. Many children complained of stomach ache because of this rice. There is a mismatch between the closing balance and opening balance in rice stock. Rice spent is shown as more as compared to actual consumption. Singareni mandal - In 20 schools there are 41 CCHs working as per records, but 6 CCHs are benami. Toilets are non- functional. 25

26 Review Mission on UP 2013 MDM was served for 150 days as against the approval of 234 days during 2012-13 in district Shravasti In Shravasti 37% and in Sitapur 51% children availed MDM against enrolment Toilets are mostly non-functional. They are locked and there is no water supply Practically no inspection by block and district level authorities on availability of foodgrain, cooking of MDM In 10 districts only 30% utilization of funds for payment of honorarium to CCH till December 2013. In Hapur 0% utilization of honorarium to CCH. Irregular payment ranging from 3-4 months reported in Firozabad, Mainpuri, Jhansi, Banda, Kaushambi, Jaunpur and Aligarh districts. (MI) High mismatch between utilization foodgrain and cooking cost in Hapur(48%), Ghaziabad (35%), Meerut (30%) and Bulandshahar(13%) I.V.R.S. system 26

27 Coverage of MDMS in Bihar (in lakhs) YearClass I to VClass VI to VIII EnrolmentChildren Availing MDM Coverage % EnrolmentChildren Availing MDM Coverage % 2008-091399871393281 2012-131438358532955 Source: Bihar Economic Survey: p.199 27

28 Issues in Punjab – Identified by JRM Disruption in the serving of MDM in Ludhiana due to non- availability of foodgrains in the month of May- July. Engagement of lesser number of cook-cum-helpers than the norms in Ludhiana district. Funds for reimbursement of cost of unsubsidized LPG cylinders have not been released by the districts to implementing agencies. Medicines with expired dates were kept in schools. No or very little distribution of IFA, Vitamin-A tablets. Poor academic performance 28

29 MDM– Bihar, Rajasthan & Tamil Nadu BiharRajasthanTamil Nadu % who said quality of meal was “good” Children68085 Parents38165 Average hours spent per day supervising and serving 2.230.950 Proportion (%) of schools with Kitchen shed 143795 29

30 COOKING COST: ALLOCATION vs UTILISATION Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India Rs in Lakh 56% 74% 59% 30

31 31 Reasons for poor utilisation of funds Delay in the flow of funds (at various stages) Long process of identification of potential beneficiaries under various schemes (e.g. from BPL families, or SC/ ST, etc.) Capital expenditure (such as construction of schools) requires preparation of estimates and floating of tenders, which takes time Often estimates need to be sanctioned by a competent authority who is not locally available, and files travel up and down Government machinery is used to working in a sequential order, whereas quick completion of projects requires undertaking several activities concurrently Lack of adequate number of staff to implement schemes

32 States where eggs, banana & milk is served 32

33 Issues raised before the HRD Minister (13 th Oct) Discrimination Monitor whether meals are served on all working days and there is no disruption Flow of funds Samples to test the dietary contents of meals are not being collected Use of technology in monitoring 33

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35 Rural children in Std III who can read Std I-level text 35

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38 38 Absence of Teachers Among Indian States and Other Countries

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41 Coverage vs. Functionality of girls toilets Source : Analytical Tables,2011-12, NUEPA Another case: Need for data harmonization and alignment Low functionality is a major cause of concern 41

42 16th JOINT REVIEW MISSION 2012 Enrolment in government and aided schools is falling Mean Years of Schooling has gone up from 4.20 in 2000 to only 5.12 years in 2010 BRCs / CRCs not contributing to improving learning outcomes Government data on outcomes is not reliable Future of low-fee-charging unaided Private Schools Develop structures of accountability Develop quarterly progress reports on each student on ‘holistic’ learning and assess teachers’ performance accordingly 42

43 Social sector expenditure as % of GDP 43

44 Expenditure on education as % of GDP 44

45 Tax-GDP for Selected Countries (for 2010-11) 45 Source: IMF, Revenue Mobilization in Developing Countries, 2011; and Indian Public Finance Statistics 2010-11, GoI. Developed CountriesDeveloping Countries Sweden- 50.1Brazil- 34.2 Denmark- 49.1Turkey- 32.5 France- 44.7Russia- 32.3 Netherlands- 39.5South Africa- 31.2 UK- 37.4Ghana- 22.4 USA- 27.3India- 15.7

46 Thank You ! 46

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