Presentation on theme: "Iron Deficiency Anemia Sara Merley Nutrition – Professor Brown"— Presentation transcript:
1Iron Deficiency Anemia Sara Merley Nutrition – Professor Brown
2DefinitionIron deficiency anemia is caused from a shortness of iron in the body. “[Iron] is a component of hemoglobin (which transports oxygen within red blood cells) and some enzymes” (Hoehn, Marieb).The iron-rich protein, hemoglobin, is essential to the transportation of oxygen to the body’s tissues.Disorders/Anemia/5225.aspxIn America, there are over 3 million people effected by anemia.
3Heme vs. Non-HemeHEME IRON – “Iron provided from animal tissues in the form of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Approximately 40% of the iron in meat is heme iron; it is readily absorbed” (Wardlaw). NON-HEME IRON – “Iron provided from plant sources and animal tissues other than in the forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Non-heme iron is less efficiently absorbed than heme iron; absorption is closely dependent on body needs” (Wardlaw).
4Symptoms of IDA Paleness or “Sallow Skin” Extreme fatigue / lack of energyChest painShortness of breathHeadachesFeeling weakRapid heart rateSore or smooth tongue
5Poor appetite / unusual cravings for non-nutritional substances such as ice or clay. An uncomfortable crawling feeling in your legsCold hands and feetIrritabilityBrittle Nails
6Common Causation of Iron-Deficiency Anemia 1) Most predominately, lack of iron within the food one consumes.2) Blood Loss; most prevalent in women because of menstruation.3) Pregnancy; because of the increased blood volume and source of hemoglobin as the fetus grows.4) Inability to absorb the iron consumed into one’s bloodstream.
7Population Distribution Because iron-deficiency anemia can simply be caused by lack of iron in the diet, it can happen at any time in a person’s life. There are factors in which it appears to be more common however:Women with heavy menstrual bleeding.Women whom are pregnant or breastfeeding with recently given birth.People with a gastrointestinal disease such as Celiac or Crohn’s disease.Vegetarians and Vegans.
8Other Causes of IDA: Hemorrhoids Frequent blood donations Intravascular Hemolysis (condition where RBC break down in the blood stream then causing a release of excess iron into the urine).Stomach / Bowel Ulcers
9Lack of Iron in One’s Diet; How much is enough? Women years old need to consume 18 milligrams per day. Men (all ages) and women over 50 only have to consume 8 milligrams.Diet is one of the most prevalent ways of becoming iron-deficient anemic. Especially in women whom do not consume a great deal of iron-rich foods.
10Diagnosed, how much is enough? In patients diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia it is recommended that they consume 2 – 5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day.Still is highly advised to discuss the proper amount with one’s doctor.
11Diagnosis ProcessIDA is diagnosed through a blood test of a complete blood count; when someone is diagnosed the test results usually show:Low hemoglobin and hematocritLow mean cellular volumeLow ferritinLow serum ironHigh transferrinLow iron saturation
13More general food overview MEAT: beef or lamb; especially organs meats and dark meats.FISH: primarily shellfish.LEAFY GREENS: broccoli and turnip greens.LEGUMES: Lima beans, peas, and black-eyed peas.IRON-ENRICHED: pastas, grains, and cereals.
14More Iron Cook with a cast-iron pan; some of the iron will be absorbed into the food.IRON supplement;In my opinion, the best iron supplement is “Slow FE” since taking an iron supplement can cause constipation.
15Absorption of IronVitamin C is extremely helpful to the absorption of iron. As one consumes iron, vitamin C will wrap around the iron ions protecting it against destruction from stomach acid; so that then the iron may reach the small intestine where it is absorbed in the duodenum and first part of the jejunum.Interesting fact: children are encouraged not to drink more than 16 to 24 ounces of cow’s milk per day because it can in turn, inhibit the absorption of iron.
16Other treatmentRed blood cell transfusions – are performed for patients with severe iron-deficiency anemia. For example, severe bleeding, chest pain, and weakness.Intravenous Iron – this is used for iron-deficient patients whom, have the tendency to not absorb iron well in the gastrointestinal tract, have extreme blood loss, are receiving a hormone that increases blood loss, or cannot tolerate taking an iron supplement.
17DIET PLAN – DAY 1 Breakfast – Oatmeal (iron-enriched) Fried egg (cooked on cast-iron pan)SLOW FE iron supplement with 1 cup orange juice4 prunes½ cup blueberriesSNACK –Handful of raw almonds and walnuts.
18Lunch – Dinner – Spinach salad with: turkey, broccoli, and brown rice. 1 OrangeDinner –Top sirloin steak1 baked potatoPeas and green peppersStrawberries
19DAY 2 Breakfast – Cheerios (iron-enriched) with cranberries. 2 fried eggs (on cast-iron pan)StrawberriesSLOW FE iron supplement with orange juice.SNACK –Cashews and almonds
20Lunch – Dinner – Clams & Oysters 1 baked potato Cantaloupe Beef Liver LentilsBroccoliPrune Juice and blueberries
21DAY 3 Breakfast – SNACK – Oatmeal Fried Eggs Blueberries SLOW FE iron-supplement with orange juice.SNACK –Chickpeas and broccoli
22Lunch – Dinner – Bean soup (kidney & white beans) Grapefruit White bread toastDinner –Prime rib steak with sliced raw almondsBaked potatoGreen beansStrawberries
23QUESTIONS! (: What is one very common cause of iron-deficiency anemia? What are three foods that are high in iron?What are three symptoms that could indicate a person has iron-deficiency anemia?
24BibliographyWorks Cited Marieb, Elaine N., and Katja Hoehn. "Chapter 2 and Chapter 17." Human Anatomy & Physiology. Eighth ed. San Francisco: Pearson Benjamin Cummings, Print. Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Iron-deficiency Anemia." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 04 Mar Web. 03 Mar <http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/iron-deficiency-anemia/DS00323>. Tsang, Gloria. "Iron Rich Foods for Iron Deficiency Anemia." Nutrition Advice by Registered Dietitians. Healthcastle Nutrition Inc., 20 Feb Web. 03 Mar <http://www.healthcastle.com/iron.shtml>. Unknown. "American Society of Hematology." Iron-Deficiency Anemia. American Society to Hematology, Web. 03 Mar <http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Blood-Disorders/Anemia/5263.aspx>. Wardlaw, Gordon M., and Anne M. Smith. "Chapter 9: Water and Minerals. Glossary." Contemporary Nutrition. Eighth ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Print.