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1$1001$100 2$2002$200 3$3003$300 4$5004$500 6$2,0006$2,000 7$4,0007$4,000 8$8,0008$8,000 9$16,0009$16,000 11$64,00011$64,000 12$125,00012$125,000 13$250,00013$250,000.

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Presentation on theme: "1$1001$100 2$2002$200 3$3003$300 4$5004$500 6$2,0006$2,000 7$4,0007$4,000 8$8,0008$8,000 9$16,0009$16,000 11$64,00011$64,000 12$125,00012$125,000 13$250,00013$250,000."— Presentation transcript:

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3 1$1001$100 2$2002$200 3$3003$300 4$5004$500 6$2,0006$2,000 7$4,0007$4,000 8$8,0008$8,000 9$16,0009$16,000 11$64,00011$64,000 12$125,00012$125,000 13$250,00013$250,000 14$500,00014$500,000 5$1,0005$1,000 10$32,00010$32,000 15$1 MILLION15$1 MILLION

4 A. Signals Sent by the plasma membrane During protein synthesis, the amino acid sequence is determined by the _________ D. Number of mitochondria in the cell C. ATP produced by mitochondria B. Genetic code in the DNA molecule

5 A. Cell’s Fat Concentration Synthesis of a defective protein may result from an alteration in the B. Base sequence code in DNA C. Shape of the nucleus D. Number of mitochondria

6 A. Transfer an amino acid to the ribosome The function of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is to B. Carry the genetic information coded in DNA C. Copy the genetic code present in mRNA D. Form ribosomes, the sites of protein synthesis

7 A. Carry Amino Acids to the ribosome The function of messenger RNA (mRNA) is to B. Make a copy of the DNA instructions and bring it to the ribosome C. Translate the base sequence at the ribosomes D. Prevent DNA mutations during replication

8 A. Transcription The process by which DNA’s information is copied into RNA is called B. Translation C. Synthesis D. Polymerization

9 A. ATA-GTC-CTAB. TCA-CUG-GUA C. AUA-GUC-CUAD. ACA-CUC-GUA Which of the following represents the codons that correspond to the segment TATCAGGAT of DNA?

10 A. DNA Polymerase B. ATP Synthase C. RNA Polymerase D. Transformation principle What is the name of the enzyme that initiates transcription?

11 A. IntronsB. Anticodons C. NucleosomesD. Chromosomes Eukaryotic mRNA molecules are occasionally interspersed with non- coding sequences that must be removed before protein synthesis. These are ________.

12 A. tRNAB. rRNA C. mRNAD. None of them What class of RNA binds free amino acids and carries them to ribosomes?

13 A. Insertion Sickle-shaped red blood cells result from a mutation in the gene that codes for hemoglobin. This mutation results in sickle-cell anemia. A partial sequence of bases from a normal hemoglobin gene and a sequence that results in sickle-cell anemia are shown below. What type of mutation is depicted in this sequence? B. Substitution C. DeletionD. Frameshift

14 Which of the following polypeptides is coded for by the mRNA sequence 5’ AUGGUUAAACGACAAUCC 3’? A. Val-lys-Phe-Gly-Ser B. Met-Val-Lys-Arg-Gln-Ser C. Met-Asp-Phe-Ala-Arg D. Ile-Gln-Lys-Asp-Gly-Leu-Ser

15 A. The synthesis of new proteins B. The breakdown of waste material C. The conversion of radiant energy to glucose D. The replication of nucleic acid Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?

16 A. Reverses the order of bases in a DNA strand B. Produces a triplet that codes for the same amino acid as the original strand C. Replaces a base with complementary base D. Allows the total number of bases in a DNA sequence to remain the same A mutation is least likely to affect a cell when the mutation —

17 A. The pigment in butterfly wings absorbs light from the environment. In 1917 the biologist Thomas Hunt Morgan conducted studies in which he kept some caterpillars in the dark and placed some others under red, green, or blue lights. Exposure to red light produced butterflies with brightly colored wings. Exposure to green light resulted in dark-colored wings. Exposure to blue light or no light resulted in pale-colored wings. What was the most likely conclusion of Morgan’s research? B. The phenotypic expression of wing shape depends on color pigmentation in butterflies C. The genes regulating wing color in butterflies are influenced by environmental factors D. Caterpillars exposed to red and green light are healthier than caterpillars exposed to no light or blue light.

18 A. Production of steroids and hormones The many different functions and behaviors of living organisms are essentially based on the performance of their cells. The cell’s performance in turn is dependent upon the B. Production of many varieties of polypeptides and proteins C. Production of correct membranes D. Ability to reproduce

19 End of Game Instructions & answer slides follow

20 Setting up Game Use the Edit menu and Replace… to insert questions and answers. In the Find box, type in “Question X” (where X is the question number, 1 through 15). In the Replace box, type in the question. Then, enter “Answer X-1” and the first answer, “Answer X-2” and the second answer, etc. (Capitalize as indicated.) To set up the Lifeline slides (Slides 37-51): –1. Select the first answer to be eliminated by clicking on the text of the answer. Select the text and delete it. (This should leave a blank hexagon.) –2.Repeat with the second eliminated answer, and then repeat with each further slide. To set up the Answer slides (Slides 21-35): –1. Select the hexagon behind the correct answer by right-clicking on the hexagon. (Click above or below the answer text to avoid selecting the text instead. Once selected, the hexagon should have a rectangular border around it.) Select Format Autoshape; choose the Colors and Lines tab, choose the Fill color and change its color to light green. (The green should be provided in the bottom row of colors.) –2. Repeat with each further slide. Slides are the Money Won slides. On the title screen, the finger icon will link to a Fastest Finger slide, if you would like to use it. To set up the Fastest Finger slide (Slide 70), fill in the Fastest Finger question, and the four answers. On the answer slide (Slide 71), replace each orange question mark with the letter of the appropriate answer in order, starting at the top. Fill in the answer corresponding to each letter accordingly. Clicking on the ? icon on Slide 70 will go to the answer slide; clicking on the house icon will link to the main game board. USAGE NOTE: the Fastest Finger question slide includes the music for Fastest Finger; this music is 25 seconds long. Use the music as a timer; when the music ends, go to the answer slide.

21 Setting up Game The Phone-a-Friend lifeline can be used to ask one other student to help out. Clicking on the Phone-a-Friend lifeline icon will link to a 30-second timer slide. The timer will begin on a mouse-click, and will count down to zero. Once the slide reaches zero, clicking on the curved arrow icon will return to the previous slide (the question slide). USAGE NOTE: the question and answers are not visible during the clock countdown, and returning to the question slide before the clock finishes will reset the clock. The Ask-the-Audience lifeline can be used to ask the entire class, who gives their votes for the correct answer by letter. Clicking on the Ask-the-Audience lifeline icon will link to a chart slide. Clicking on the chart will open Microsoft Excel; click on the “Enter Scores Here” tab to enter the class votes for each answer, then click on the “Chart” tab so the chart will be visible. Go to the File menu and choose Close and Return… to return to the slide show. Clicking on the curved arrow icon will return to the previous slide (the question slide). ICONS: –? Takes you to the answer slide –Star Takes you from the answer slide to the Money Won slide –House Takes you back to the Cash Board If using the game for another person or another class, close the game and re-open it (this is to reset the links on the game board back to orange).

22 During protein synthesis, the amino acid sequence is determined by the _________ A. Signals Sent by the plasma membrane D. Number of mitochondria in the cell C. ATP produced by mitochondria B. Genetic code in the DNA molecule

23 A. Cell’s Fat Concentration Synthesis of a defective protein may result from an alteration in the B. Base sequence code in DNA C. Shape of the nucleus D. Number of mitochondria

24 A. Transfer an amino acid to the ribosome The function of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is to B. Carry the genetic information coded in DNA C. Copy the genetic code present in mRNA D. Form ribosomes, the sites of protein synthesis

25 A. Carry Amino Acids to the ribosome The function of messenger RNA (mRNA) is to B. Make a copy of the DNA instructions and bring it to the ribosome C. Translate the base sequence at the ribosomes D. Prevent DNA mutations during replication

26 A. Transcription The process by which DNA’s information is copied into RNA is called B. Translation C. Synthesis D. Polymerization

27 A. ATA-GTC-CTAB. TCA-CUG-GUA C. AUA-GUC-CUAD. ACA-CUC-GUA Which of the following represents the codons that correspond to the segment TATCAGGAT of DNA?

28 A. DNA Polymerase B. ATP Synthase C. RNA Polymerase D. Transformation principle What is the name of the enzyme that initiates transcription?

29 A. IntronsB. Anticodons C. NucleosomesD. Chromosomes Eukaryotic mRNA molecules are occasionally interspersed with non- coding sequences that must be removed before protein synthesis. These are ________.

30 A. tRNAB. rRNA C. mRNAD. None of them What class of RNA binds free amino acids and carries them to ribosomes?

31 A. Insertion Sickle-shaped red blood cells result from a mutation in the gene that codes for hemoglobin. This mutation results in sickle-cell anemia. A partial sequence of bases from a normal hemoglobin gene and a sequence that results in sickle-cell anemia are shown below. What type of mutation is depicted in this sequence? B. Substitution C. DeletionD. Frameshift

32 Which of the following polypeptides is coded for by the mRNA sequence 5’ AUGGUUAAACGACAAUCC 3’? A. Val-lys-Phe-Gly-Ser B. Met-Val-Lys-Arg-Gln-Ser C. Met-Asp-Phe-Ala-Arg D. Ile-Gln-Lys-Asp-Gly-Leu-Ser

33 A. The synthesis of new proteins B. The breakdown of waste material C. The conversion of radiant energy to glucose D. The replication of nucleic acid Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?

34 A. Reverses the order of bases in a DNA strand B. Produces a triplet that codes for the same amino acid as the original strand C. Replaces a base with complementary base D. Allows the total number of bases in a DNA sequence to remain the same A mutation is least likely to affect a cell when the mutation —

35 A. The pigment in butterfly wings absorbs light from the environment. In 1917 the biologist Thomas Hunt Morgan conducted studies in which he kept some caterpillars in the dark and placed some others under red, green, or blue lights. Exposure to red light produced butterflies with brightly colored wings. Exposure to green light resulted in dark-colored wings. Exposure to blue light or no light resulted in pale-colored wings. What was the most likely conclusion of Morgan’s research? B. The phenotypic expression of wing shape depends on color pigmentation in butterflies C. The genes regulating wing color in butterflies are influenced by environmental factors D. Caterpillars exposed to red and green light are healthier than caterpillars exposed to no light or blue light.

36 A. Production of steroids and hormones The many different functions and behaviors of living organisms are essentially based on the performance of their cells. The cell’s performance in turn is dependent upon the B. Production of many varieties of polypeptides and proteins C. Production of correct membranes D. Ability to reproduce

37 50-50 Lifeline Slides

38 B. Number of mitochondria in the cell D. Genetic code in the DNA molecule During protein synthesis, the amino acid sequence is determined by the _________

39 A. Cell’s Fat Concentration Synthesis of a defective protein may result from an alteration in the B. Base sequence code in DNA

40 A. Transfer an amino acid to the ribosome The function of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is to D. Form ribosomes, the sites of protein synthesis

41 A. Carry Amino Acids to the ribosome The function of messenger RNA (mRNA) is to B. Make a copy of the DNA instructions and bring it to the ribosome

42 A. Transcription The process by which DNA’s information is copied into RNA is called C. Synthesis

43 B. TCA-CUG-GUA C. AUA-GUC-CUA Which of the following represents the codons that correspond to the segment TATCAGGAT of DNA?

44 B. ATP Synthase C. RNA Polymerase What is the name of the enzyme that initiates transcription?

45 A. Introns D. Chromosomes Eukaryotic mRNA molecules are occasionally interspersed with non- coding sequences that must be removed before protein synthesis. These are ________.

46 A. tRNA C. mRNA What class of RNA binds free amino acids and carries them to ribosomes?

47 Sickle-shaped red blood cells result from a mutation in the gene that codes for hemoglobin. This mutation results in sickle-cell anemia. A partial sequence of bases from a normal hemoglobin gene and a sequence that results in sickle-cell anemia are shown below. What type of mutation is depicted in this sequence? B. Substitution D. Frameshift

48 Which of the following polypeptides is coded for by the mRNA sequence 5’ AUGGUUAAACGACAAUCC 3’? B. Met-Val-Lys-Arg-Gln-Ser C. Met-Asp-Phe-Ala-Arg

49 A. The synthesis of new proteins D. The replication of nucleic acid Which cellular process takes place in the ribosomes that are bound to the endoplasmic reticulum?

50 B. Produces a triplet that codes for the same amino acid as the original strand C. Replaces a base with complementary base A mutation is least likely to affect a cell when the mutation —

51 In 1917 the biologist Thomas Hunt Morgan conducted studies in which he kept some caterpillars in the dark and placed some others under red, green, or blue lights. Exposure to red light produced butterflies with brightly colored wings. Exposure to green light resulted in dark-colored wings. Exposure to blue light or no light resulted in pale-colored wings. What was the most likely conclusion of Morgan’s research? B. The phenotypic expression of wing shape depends on color pigmentation in butterflies C. The genes regulating wing color in butterflies are influenced by environmental factors

52 The many different functions and behaviors of living organisms are essentially based on the performance of their cells. The cell’s performance in turn is dependent upon the B. Production of many varieties of polypeptides and proteins D. Ability to reproduce

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71 Fastest Finger slide to follow

72 Correctly order the central Dogma A. DNAB. Protein C. mRNAD. Amino Acids

73 A. DNAC. mRNAD. Amino AcidB. Protein

74 “Who Wants To Be A Millionaire” Powerpoint (Advanced) Template Designed and Created by Jeff White Copyright © 2000 Version Last updated 20 June, 2001 The graphics and sounds used in this template are recorded from the television show “Who Wants To Be A Millionaire,” and were obtained from both the ABC “WWTBAM” website and theABC “WWTBAM” website ITV “WWTBAM” website.ITV “WWTBAM” website ABCABC is the American Broadcasting Corporation; ITV is the Channel 3 (UK) broadcasting company.ITV Visit for updated versions!http://www.geocities.com/jcteacher/tech/


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