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Sickle-Cell Anemia By Kenley, Sam, Shannon

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1 Sickle-Cell Anemia By Kenley, Sam, Shannon

2 What is sickle cell anemia?  It’s a heredity disorder that affects the red blood cells making them crescent shape and causes them to get stuck in blood vessels  It causes the cells die faster than the body can reproduce new cells. Meaning a deficient amount of oxygen is transported to organs and tissues.  The clots form major pain in joints, bones, chest and abdomen.

3 How do you get Sickle-Cell Anemia?  Sickle-Cell Anemia is inherited by both parents  Recessive X-linked disease XSXS XsXs XSXS X S Normal X S X s Carrier Y X S Y Carrier X s Y Sickle-Cell Anemia

4 Can someone be a carrier for Sickle-Cell Anemia?  Yes someone can be a carrier because the disease is recessive so you have to have the homozygous gene to inherit the disease. XSXS XsXs XSXS X S Normal YX s Y Sickle-Cell Anemia

5 Is Sickle-Cell Anemia common?  Sickle Cell Anemia effects about 100,000 people in the United States  The disease is more common among certain ethnicities Such as: African Americans Arabs Greeks Italians Latin and Native Americans

6 Symptoms And Effects  Yellow appearing eyes or skin  Pale skin  Delayed growth  Bone, Joint, Chest and Abdomen Pain  Venerable to Infection  Cells cant carry a sufficient amount of oxygen  Can develop Hemorrhages into the Eyes and Brain  Leg Ulcers  Organ Damage  Blood Clots

7 How is it diagnosed and how is it treated?  Newborns are tested for the disease as part of their screening programs _________________________________________________  Blood Transfusions in case of emergencies  Pain medication is prescribed to relieve pain  Narcotics  Oral Analgesics  Antibiotics reduce the number of newborns that die

8 Is there a cure?  No, but many organizations have been created to educate people about the disease  These organizations have undertaken extensive fundraising campaigns for research and treatment of illness  National Association of Sickle-Cell Disease  Columbia University Comprehensive Sickle-Cell Center at Harlem Hospital  Center of Sickle-Cell Disease at Howard University

9 Overview  Disease.htm Disease.htm WATCH THE VIDEO! (skip the advertisement)

10 Works Cited  Bunch, Bryan. “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Diseases. Ed. Bryan Bunch. Vol. 7. Danbury: Scientific Publishing Inc., 2003. 85- 87. Print.  Bunch, Bryan, and Jenny Tesar. “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Diseases. Ed. Bryan Bunch and Jenny Tesar. Vol. 7. Danbury: Scientific Publishing Inc., 2006. 84. Print.  Izenberg, Neil, M.D. “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Human Diseases and Conditions. Ed. Neil Izenberg, M.D. Vol. 3. New York City: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2000. 760-764. Print.  Jones, Phil. Sickle Cell Disease. Ed. Phill Jones. New York City: Chelsea House, 2008. Print.  Kaskel, Albert, and Linda Lundgren. “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Biology-Living Systems. Ed. David G. Cowles. New York City: Glencoe McGraw, 2003. 282-284. Print.

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