Presentation on theme: "Anemia BY: DEVYN SARNO, KEITH MARTINEZ, JASMINE MASSEY PERIOD 8."— Presentation transcript:
Anemia BY: DEVYN SARNO, KEITH MARTINEZ, JASMINE MASSEY PERIOD 8
What is ANEMIA? Anemia is a condition where your body has a deficiency of red blood cells. Anemia can occur if your red blood cells don't contain enough hemoglobin. Can be inherited or acquired. Inherit, being that it is passed down through your genes. Acquire meaning you develop it. Anyone can develop it
Hemoglobin? Hemoglobin is made up of 4 protein molecules which are called globulin chains. Is an iron-rich protein that gives the blood its red color. Helps the red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. One hemoglobin molecule has the ability to transport up to 4 oxygen molecules
Facts There is over 400 types of anemia. In general, the types of anemia can be divided into three groups: Anemia caused by blood loss. Anemia caused by decreased or faulty red blood cell production. Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells.
Main Causes Blood loss Lack of red blood cell production High rates of red blood cells destruction Nutritional Deficiencies, like iron and B12 (most common deficiency) Infection
How can you acquire it? Diet! If your diet lacks iron,folic acid or vitamin B12. If you don’t have these nutrients it can prevent you from making enough red blood cells. Therefore, you can acquire Anemia. You also need small amounts of vitamin C, of riboflavin, and copper to create red blood cells.
Blood Loss Blood loss is the most common cause in Anemia, especially if you have an iron deficiency. Young women are at a higher risk of acquiring Anemia due to excessive blood loss from the menstrual cycle and giving birth. About 1 percent of RBC are lost daily in healthy individuals
How do you find out you have it? Doctors may perform a blood test to check your RBC count. When they do this, they will spin it down in a machine called a centrifuge. The centrifuge will spin at a high speed and will separate liquids of different densities. Plasma being the lightest, will be at the top of the vile, WBC & platelets will be in the middle, and RBC’s will be at the bottom.
Treatment Take vitamin B12, vitamin C, iron, and/or folic acid supplements. You can take hormones to treat heavy menstrual bleeding. Take medicine to prevent the bodies immune system from destroying RBC’s
Who discovered Anemia? Thomas Addison discovered the condition in 1849. He was the first to correlate a set of symptoms for Anemia. Dr. Michael Biermer studied the disease along side Addison The two had thought that it was untreatable. Drs. And scientist later on saw that Anemia responded to some treatments.
THOMAS ADDISON APRIL 2 ND,1793- JUNE 29 TH,1860 BORN IN LONGBENTON, NORTHUMBERLAND DIED IN BRIGHTON, UK
MICHAEL BIERMER OCTOBER 18 TH, 1827- OCTOBER 15 TH, 1892 BORN AND DIED IN GERMANY
Facts You CAN donate blood if your anemic. As long as your levels are normal on the day of donation, you can give blood. You would just have to make sure you eat iron rich meals prior to donation. More than 3.5 million people in the United States are anemic Anemia is not actually considered a disease, but actually a condition.