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Sickle Cell Anemia Jackie Marko Jose Arellano Period 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Sickle Cell Anemia Jackie Marko Jose Arellano Period 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sickle Cell Anemia Jackie Marko Jose Arellano Period 3

2 Background When: Discovered in 1910 by James Bryan Herrik Where: Chicago, Illinois How: He studied a patient with the symptoms of this unknown disease Named after: the sickle cell is shaped like the farm tool called a sickle. ▫A sickle is used for cutting grain

3 Someone with Sickle Cell Anemia Symptoms Fatigue, rapid heart rate, yellowing skin Bone, gallbladder, and lung infections Delayed growth and arthritis Life Expectancy In America, a person with Sickle Cell lives to about 40 years of age Who can get it More common in black and middle eastern people

4 What happens? The genes that are associated with this disease control the production of the protein hemoglobin ▫Hemoglobin brings oxygen from the lungs to places like the liver and muscles The sickle cell cannot hold as much oxygen as a regular cell The sickle cells can easily clump together ▫This can block off veins which leads to destruction of the surrounding tissue

5 Someone with Sickle Cell Anemia Treatments Supplemental Oxygen Blood Transfusions Bone Marrow transplant ▫Hard to find a donor ▫The process of donating bone marrow is dangerous

6 How do you get it? It is not developed as you get older Recessive Both parents must have the sickle cell trait ▫There is a 1 in 4 chance that these parents will have a child with sickle cell anemia

7 Famous People with Sickle Cell Anemia Tiki Barber- Pro Football player for the New York Giants King Tut

8 Works Cited Information: ▫Yi Bin Chen. “Sickle Cell Anemia.” Pub Med Health. A.D.A.M., Inc., Web. Feb ▫How Do People Get Sickle Cell Disease? harvard.edu., Web. Feb Pictures: ▫http://www.paulnoll.com/Books/5000-Words/8000-pic-sickle.jpg ▫http://greenobles.com/data_images/tiki-barber/tiki-barber-11.jpg\ ▫http://mathildasanthropologyblog.files.wordpress.com/2008/07/king-tut.jpg


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