2Sickle Cell HistoryIn 1910 Sickle Cell Anemia was discovered by James B. Herrick .James was running blood tests on a patient and he noticed unusual characteristics in the shape of the blood cells .He noticed the blood cells were in the shape of a moon instead of a circle.Sickle Cell Anemia is more commonly in people who have ancestors from sub-Saharan Africa .
3Sickle Cell Description Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disorder . The red blood cells are in the shape of a moon instead of a circle .It effects a persons immune system and they are unable to fight off infections as fast as the average person .
4Symptoms Fatigue Paleness Shortness of breath Yellowing of eyes and/or skin at birth; jaundice.Delayed pubertyEye problemsAbdomen and joint painsLow immune systemSomeone with sickle cell can live a full, healthy life however, depending on the severity of your sickle cell your life expectancy can range from years old.
5Area of Body TargetedThe immune system and blood stream are mainly effected by this disease .Children and adults with sickle cell are more vulnerable to infections and have a harder time fighting them off .
6How it is Genetically Transmitted Two defective genes (SS) is needed for a child to be diagnosed with sickle cell anemia. If each parent carries one defective gene (S) and one normal gene (A), each child has a 25% chance of inheriting two defective genes and having sickle cell anemia and a 25% chance of inheriting two normal genes and not having the disease, also have a 50% chance of not being affected by the genes like their parents .
7TreatmentsThere is no cure for sickle cell but there are many different treatments, including;Blood transfusionsOral antibiotics, daily.Hydroxyurea, which is an effective drug treatment for adults with severe sickle cell
8A Day in the LifeA person diagnosed with sickle cell has to take oral antibiotics daily .This will help their immune system to fight off infections that the average body would be able to fight off on its own .Besides this , someone with sickle cell does not have to do anything different from the average person .
9Resources for Those Wanting Information Sickle Cell Informationghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=sicklecellanemia
10Etc.My brother was diagnosed with sickle cell when he was born. When he gets sick it’s pretty severe, but fortunately for me and my family this is rare & he’s pretty much really healthy (: