Presentation on theme: "5.1 Articles of Confederation HW 5.2. Revolution or Evolution? Egalitarian movements: Quakers found antislavery society in 1775 Anglican church is disestablished."— Presentation transcript:
5.1 Articles of Confederation HW 5.2
Revolution or Evolution? Egalitarian movements: Quakers found antislavery society in 1775 Anglican church is disestablished Primogeniture laws repealed Property-holding voting requirements reduced or abolished Trade organizations spreading Expansion of women’s roles – “republican motherhood” NOTE: Departure of many prominent Loyalists and Tories means that there are few “conservative” elements
REPUBLICANISM Americans after the revolution believed: Power arises from the consent of the governed = the people DID NOT WANT a direct democracy. (WHY?) THEREFORE, a Republic was the best form of government. PROS?CONS?
HOW TO RULE? Republic, YES. Supreme power? NO!!! SOLUTION a confederation How is a confederation different from a federal government ( what we have today)?
Confederation to Constitution 1775, Colonies form state constitutions 1780, Massachusetts holds first constitutional convention 1781, Articles of Confederation approved Economic Democracy spreading as Loyalist estates divided, pensions to rev. soldiers, Land Ordinance of 1785 Western Lands opened w/o slavery Northwest Ordinance of 1787 ensures that land rich and land poor states share equally in debts and riches of independence
FEDER AL GOVE RNME NT 13 COLO NIES CONFEDERATION VS. FEDERALISM
THE WESTERN LANDS PROBLEM The most powerful states (VA, NY, MA) claim lands in Ohio and beyond old line of demarcation MD refuses to sign Articles. WHY? SOLUTION: Lands become property of the UNITED states LAWS: Land Ordinance of 1785 = rules for surveying the new lands Northwest Ordinance of 1787 = rules for dividing the land into states and admitting them to the union.
Articles of Confederation The Limits of Limited Government: 1.No common currency or banking laws 2.Unable to settle disputes over commerce between states 3.Unable to have stable govt. funding or to collect taxes 4.Unanimity necessary to amend (Rhode Island creates problems!!!) 5.Unable to deal with foreign powers, i.e. N. African Pirates 6.Weak army and navy 7.Unable to respond to Shay’s rebellion
Look on page 129. What were the two biggest problems facing the new government? In light of this, what were the greatest weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
Free ain’t Easy Problems in the Confederation Political and Economic 1.States are unbalanced politically in regards to population 2.War debt 3.Continental Currency is worthless 4.No trade regulations, taxes, or tariffs Borrowers vs. Lenders 1.Bankruptcies increasing 2.High taxes 3.Cheap currency lowers debt, hurts banks Foreign Relations 1.Spain menaces borders 2.France demands repayment 3.Navigation Acts still a problem 4.N. African Piracy a growing problem