2You: Working with Young Children 1You: Working with Young Children
3Key ConceptsSocial and economic changes affect the growth of the child care profession.Learning about the responsibilities and characteristics of child care teachers can help you decide if a career in this field is for you.
5Objectives List responsibilities of the early childhood teacher. Determine personal characteristics that can help early childhood teachers care for and educate young children.
6You: Working with Young Children People considering early childhood careers often want to knowif there will be a need for trained personnelwhat the job responsibilities arewhat personal characteristics are needed
7Social and Economic Changes Changes in familiesChanges in employers’ attitudesChanges in education attitudesEducational studiesBenefits to the economy
8Changes in Families Changes in Families Married couples are having fewer childrenAlmost 75% ofchildren have parentsworking orattending schoolMany workingwomen are widowed,divorced, single,or separatedWomen areincreasinglycommitted tocareers75% of childrenparticipate in apreschool programNo longer have amother ashomemaker and afather as wageearnerbecoming highlyeducated
9DiscussWhy do you think the level of education of women impacts the need for child care teachers? List three reasons.
10Changes in Employers’ Attitudes Corporate or employer-sponsored child care is growingOn-site child careReferral serviceSick child careEmergency backup arrangementsIntergenerational care
11BrainstormWhat are some of the payoffs companies receive when offering child care benefits to employees?
12Changes in Education Attitudes Today6% of children were cared for in child care centers67% of children participate in an early childhood program95% of the nation’sfive-year-olds attendkindergarten programs
13Educational Studies Studies have confirmed that the first five years of life are criticalthe benefits of early education are long-termearly brain development depends on a stimulating environment and nurturingcontinued
14Educational StudiesChildren who receive early learning experiences are less likely tohave behavioral problemsbe referred to special educationMany states introduced prekindergarten (PK) programs to support early learning
15Benefits to the Economy Early childhood programs influence tomorrow’s economyA sound investmentSaves taxpayers future costsPays great returns to children
16Career Opportunities in Early Childhood Nannies and au pairsKindergarten teachersEarly childhood assistant/associate teachersChild care teachers and directorsFamily child care homeLicensing specialistsOther career opportunities
17Nannies and Au Pairs A nanny provides care in a child’s home May live with the familyMay receive health insurance, paid holidays, and room and board in addition to salaryAn au pair is a person from a foreign country who lives with a family and performs tasks similar to those of a nanny
18Kindergarten Teachers Most states are providing opportunities to attend kindergartenTeachers are needed inpublic schoolsprivate schools
19Early Childhood Assistant and Associate Teachers Early childhood assistants or associate teachers are hired toachieve the required adult-child ratiosprovide support to lead teachersAssistant or associate positions may requirespecialized coursework or trainingCDA credentialassociate degree
20Child Care Teachers and Directors Child care teachers are responsible forplanning curriculumteaching childrenChild care directors are responsible formarketing the programrecruiting childrenhiring and supervising staffmanaging the budget
21Family Child Care Homes Family child care homes provide child care for children ranging in age from 6 weeks to 12 yearsThis type of care allowschild care providers to work from homechild care providers to care for their own childrenlonger hours of operationhomelike atmosphere
22Licensing Specialists Licensing specialists make visits to centers to observeif they follow the state licensing guidelinesadult-child ratiosize of the facilityfood servicecurriculum providedbuilding safety and health practices
23Other Career Opportunities The field of early childhood offers a variety of positionsParent educatorCommunity recreation leaderSocial workersCounselors and therapistsHealth care providerscontinued
24Other Career Opportunities The field of early childhood also offers the ability to run your own business as an entrepreneurFamily child care homeConsultantsStore ownersDesigners of children’s productsEntertainers
25DiscussWhat would be some of the advantages and disadvantages of having a family child care home business?AdvantagesDisadvantages
26Education and Training Needed to Work with Young Children JobsHigh school educationTeacher aidPlayground supervisorChild Development Associate (CDA) Credential, plus postsecondary educationEarly childhood teacherBachelor’s degreeDirector of child care programGraduate degreeConsultantResearcherEarly childhood instructorProfessor
27The Teacher’s Responsibilities Know how children grow and developPlan a developmentally appropriate curriculumPrepare the environmentCommunicate effectivelyDemonstrate teamworkcontinued
28The Teacher’s Responsibilities Manage time wiselyParticipate in professional organizationsFollow ethical standardsContinue to learn
29To Know How Children Grow and Develop This understanding helps teachers toprepare inviting and developmentally appropriate environmentsdesign educational experiences to promote growthdevelop curriculum that is challenging and interesting without being difficult or discouragingwork effectively with individuals and groups of children
30To Plan a Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum Developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) is a set of guidelines that focus on the outcomes of learning activitiesWhole child programs focus onphysical developmentsocial developmentcognitive developmentemotional development
31To Prepare the Environment Teachers prepare inviting and stimulating learning environments to encourage children toindependently experiment, explore, and manipulate materialsengage in positive social activitiesdevelop physically, socially, cognitively, and emotionally
32To Communicate Effectively As a teacher, positive communication skills help you toform and maintain a close relationship with the children in your careexchange information with parents and guardiansform meaningful relationships with colleagues
33To Demonstrate Teamwork Staff in early childhood programs need to work as a team, which helps tomake coworkers feel respected and importantshow empathy by recognizing others’ feelingsshare ideas and informationencourage meaningful interactions with childrenresolve conflicts effectively
34To Manage Time Wisely Time management skills help teachers work smarter, not harderorganize timeset prioritiesdistinguish between important and urgent mattersmake good choices and use time wisely
35To Participate in Professional Organizations Professional organizations help you keep up with current developments in the fieldNational Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)Family, Career and Community Leaders of America (FCCLA)National Child Care AssociationNational Head Start Association
36DiscussHow can professional organizations help you find career opportunities in the field?
37To Follow Ethical Standards When working with young children, rely on your ethics to help make tough decisionsMaintain the highest standards of professional conductFollow the code of ethical conduct created by NAEYC for early childhood professionalsChoose ethical behavior, which is not always easy
38To Continue to Learn Professional development is ongoing Lifelong learners utilizeconferencesin-service trainingcourse workjournalsstudy groupsbooks
39Characteristics of Successful Teachers Fondness for childrenPatienceCompassionConfidenceSense of humorCommitmentPersonal desirePhysical and mental health
40Fondness for ChildrenThe most important trait of an early childhood teacher is fondness for childrenEstablish rapport with childrenMake children feel understood and acceptedShow love for each childBe kind, firm, and understanding
41PatienceEffective teachers allow children time to explore, solve problems, and createcontinued
42Patience Young children need to have extra time to complete tasks have the opportunity to repeat tasksbe able to repeat questions
43Compassion Compassionate teachers accept others without prejudice Accept any emotion from othersAre sensitive to both positive and negative feelingsCompliment children for their successesAvoid actions that make children feel worthlessHelp children understand feelings of others
44ConfidenceHaving confidence in your abilities helps you relax in the classroomHave a calming effect on the childrenMake sensible decisionsStand by your choices so children accept them
45Sense of Humor Children enjoy adults who have a sense of humor Children relax and feel contentChildren tend to be more positive and cheerfulWork is more enjoyableYou see the humor in situationsYou laugh with the children
46Commitment Meeting the demands of the field requires commitment Be an expert in child development, guidance, and curriculumKeep up with current developmentsBe fully prepared for all activitiesBalance the pace of the activitiesProvide appropriate curriculum
47Personal DesireKnowing you really want to teach young children is important to your successExamine yourinterestsfeelingssatisfactions
48Physical and Mental Health Teaching young children is demanding physically and mentallyTo be alert and able to multi-task,eat nutritious mealsget enough sleepstay physically activelearn to reduce stress
49Did You Know?According to the U.S. Department of Labor, employment of preschool teachers is projected to grow faster than average through 2018.
50ReflectWhat are some of the qualities you possess that would make you a good early childhood teacher?
51ReviewTrue or False. Social and economic changes in society continue to create a need for child care services.Name five career opportunities in the early childhood field.What are four characteristics of successful early childhood teachers?
52Glossaryau pair. A person from a foreign country who lives with a family and provides child care in exchange for room, board, and transportation.Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential. A national credential that requires postsecondary courses in child care education and a minimum number of hours of child care experience.
53Glossarydevelopmentally appropriate practice (DAP). A set of guidelines that focus on the outcomes of learning activities.early childhood. The period of life from birth to nine years of age.entrepreneur. A person who creates and runs his or her own business.
54Glossaryethics. A guiding set of moral principles, either those held personally or those determined by a professional organization for its members.licensing specialist. A person employed by a state to ensure that the state’s child care rules and regulations are followed.
55Glossarynanny: A child care worker who usually provides care in the child’s home and may receive food and housing in addition to wages.
56Glossaryprekindergarten (PK). The full range of early childhood programs including school-based programs for three- and four-year-olds, preschool, child care, Head Start, and home-based child care. The goal is to enable every child with skills needed to succeed in school.