Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6: Civil War and Reconstruction"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 6: Civil War and Reconstruction Core Lesson 4: Reconstruction
2Plans for Reconstruction President Lincoln and Congress disagreed about how to rebuild the South.ReconstructionThe period when the South rejoined the UnionVery difficult to agreeSome wanted to make it easy for the South to rejoinOthers wanted to punish the South
3Plans for Reconstruction Lincoln’s planAllow defeated states to set up new state gov’t and rejoin quicklyRadical Republicans disagreedHoped to use Reconstruction to protect rights of African Americans
4Plans for Reconstruction Lincoln’s DeathApril 14, 1865 Ford’s Theater in WashingtonJohn Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln b/c he was angry about South’s defeatLincoln died next dayHis assassination shocked the nationMurder of an important leader
5Plans for Reconstruction Review: What was Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction?
6Reconstruction Hi kiddos! Love, Mrs. Manuel! I miss Homestead! Congress took control of Reconstruction from President Andrew Johnson.Southern states’ new governmentForced to abolish slaveryPassed laws called Black CodesLimited rights of former slaves to travel, vote, and work in certain jobs
7Reconstruction Radical Republicans upset Congress fights back By Black CodesJohnson allowed former Confederate leaders in CongressCongress fights backVoted against allowing new southern representatives from joining CongressPassed laws to protect freed slavesCreated Freedmen’s BureauAn organization that provided food, clothing, medical care, and legal advice to poor blacks and whites
8Reconstruction Congress Takes Control 1867 – puts South under military rule to force them to obey lawsNational army soldiers marched into regionAll men (black and white) allowed to vote1868 – House of Reps voted to impeach JohnsonCharge a gov’t official with a crimeAccused him of breaking one of their new lawsDid not succeed
9Reconstruction Carpetbaggers and Scalawags Scalawags Carpetbaggers Slang for old worthless horseName for southerners who helped gov’t during ReconstructionCarpetbaggersName for northerners who traveled south during ReconstructionReasonsHelp rebuildMake moneyDisliked by southerners
10Review: Why were soldiers sent to the South? ReconstructionReview: Why were soldiers sent to the South?
11The Constitution Changes Congress changed the Constitution to protect the rights of African Americans3 new amendments added to ConstitutionGave national gov’t more power over statesProtected rights of African Americans
12The Constitution Changes Thirteenth AmendmentEnded slavery in USARatified (approved) 1865Fourteenth AmendmentGave citizenship to African AmericansStates could not limit rights of citizens (no Black Code)“due process of law” = all citizens treated equallyStates had to ratify in order to rejoin Union
13The Constitution Changes Fifteenth AmendmentGuaranteed African American men the right to voteRatified 1870Had an effect right awayAfrican Americans had a part in gov’t even as leadersCreated first public schools for whites and blacks in South16 African Americans joined US CongressBlanche K. Bruce and Hiram Revels = 2 of the first black senators
14The Constitution Changes The Struggle for Rights ContinuesAmendments did help, but not solve, the nation’s problemsSome (in North and in South) did not want African Americans to vote or have equal rightsSome laws were ignored
15The Constitution Changes Review: Why did Congress pass the Fourteenth Amendment?
16Why It Matters…During Reconstruction, the nation’s laws became firer, with new constitutional protection for citizens’ rights and freedoms.