Presentation on theme: "Understanding Islam ”But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that."— Presentation transcript:
Understanding Islam ”But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear;” - 1 Peter 3:15
Goals for tonight: 3. Accurately Represent 1. Strengthen Your Faith 2. Equip you to be an effective witness There is so much that we can say on this topic, tonight we will do our best to concentrate on the essentials
Statistics on the Muslim World Dominating religion in 50 countries, 35 countries have populations over 87% 1.2 billion Muslims worldwide today Second largest religion in the world
How did it all begin? Muhammad was born in A.D. 570 in the town of Mecca located in what we now call Saudi Arabia Sources come from after his lifetime
Muslims believe that Mecca was a center of worship all the way back Abraham It is maintained that Abraham and his son Ishmael, established the Kaaba in Mecca as the center of true worship to the one God
After that time they believe a gradual decline took place in Mecca where they allowed images to be place in the Kaaba and they began worshipping them instead of God This continued until the days of Muhammad Muhammad was born to Abdullah & Amina of the Banu Hashim clan
With his uncle, he would begin traveling with Caravans and gaining knowledge of the region and business His mother and father both died when he was young, and he was sent to his uncle Abu Talib After a while (in 595 A.D.) Muhammad married an older women (15 years older) and became the leader of his tribe in Mecca
Muhammad became troubled by the polytheism of Mecca, and tradition says he retired for times of contemplation and mediation in a cave on Mount Hira Gabriel appears + Night of Power
The next big event is called the Hijra, which is the pilgrimage of Muhammad’s followers from Mecca to Yathrib (renamed Medina) 210 miles north He became known as the prophet in Medina, and his religious and political power grew (as did the new Islamic state)
The Muslims expanded through alliances as Muhammad grew by bringing more Arab tribes under the banner of Islam At the same time the Meccan leadership was dwindling and loosing influence In 630, Muhammad brought a huge army into Mecca, and started clearing the idols out of the Kaaba and established himself as the ruler of Central Arabia
Muhammad died on June 8 th, 632 AD after getting sick, tradition say he was sixty three years old He was buried by his companions and tradition says there's an empty grave
The Holy Book of Islam: The Arabic Qur’an 114 Surah’s divided into ayats
Because of confusion in the Qur’an, Muslims also have writings called the Hadith Different groups have different collections
1. Affirmation (Shahada): "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger." This is recited constantly by devout Muslims. Five Pillars of Islam 2. Prayer (As-Salah): Muslims are required to pray five times a day, kneeling and facing Mecca.
4. The Fast (Siyam): Faithful Muslims fast from dawn to dusk every day during the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, Ramadan. 5. The Pilgrimage (Al-Hajj): Muslims are expected to journey to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. 3. Almsgiving (Zakah): A worthy Muslim must give 2.5 percent of his income to the poor.
Division in Islam Three major groups: Sunni, Shiite, and Sufi It is like the doctrinal differences between Catholics, Protestants, Greek Orthodox, Mormons, Jehovah Witnesses (all of which people call Christian)
Sunni Shiite split happens early on The majority, who would go on to become known as the Sunnis, backed Abu Bakr, a friend of the Prophet and father of his wife Aisha. Reason? Muhammad’s successor Others claimed the Prophet had anointed Ali, his cousin and son-in-law—they became known as the Shia
Sunnis are 80% of Muslims, Shiite make up around 15%
Road map from here We won’t spend our time talking politics My goal is not to make you an effective politician when it comes to Islam, but an effective witness We will look at three aspects from here Problems with the Prophet (Muhammad) Problems with the Book (The Qur’an) Problems with the Religion (Islam)
The Prophet The most cited objection (rightfully so) with the prophet Muhammad has to do with his wives (two in particular) As his political power increased, so did the number of wives he had. The Qur’an limits legal wives to four (Surah 4:3) Muhammad had more
Two wives cause us to question the prophet even further (Aisha and Zaynab) Aisha (Daughter of Abu Bark) She was betrothed to him at age six, and the marriage was consummated at age nine (one source says age ten)
Next is Zaynab Zaynab by all accounts was a very beautiful women, and she was married to a man named Zayd bin Muhammad Zayd bin Muhammad was a former slave who was the adopted son of the prophet (Muhammad) himself Do we see the problem?
At that time the Arab tribes, like the Jews, Romans, and many others, had practices and honored the concept of adoption Marrying your daughter in law (even if the son is adopted) was seen as incest So what happens? Revelation happens to come and make adoption worthless (Surah 33:4-5) Muhammad can now marry his daughter
There’s still another problem though, because Zayd is still alive and married to Zaynad Aisha recognized this as an issue and is recorded saying “I fell that your Lord hastens in fulfilling your wishes and desires” Muhammad get’s revelation that tells him it’s okay for Zayd to divorce his wife so Muhammad can marry her
The Book Historically and content wise, the Qur’an has several problems Many things happened early on that cast doubt on us having the actual full Qur’an that Muhammad gave his followers
After Muhammad died, the living voice of the prophet had been removed, and division starts to occur. At this point, there is not a written version of the Qur’an, just portions written and other memorized These ayat were written on various available items, such as parchment, shoulder bones of camels, and smooth rocks
At this point, much of the Qur’an exists in the minds of the Qurra, who were a group of men who memorized parts of the Qur’an They were not worried originally about this, but it became a big problem when part of the Qurra died at the Battle of Yamama, part of the Qur’an could have been lost
The text of the Qur’an is then written down but now there are contradictory versions This leads to the Uthmanic revision Uthman collects throughout the Muslim kingdom the different Quranic texts and makes one master version He burns the originals
Which means as a Muslim, you must trust that non of the Qur’an was lost in battle early on when some of the Qurra died You also must believe that Uthman got the final translation correct, and didn’t have a bias towards a certain reading of the text (that may not be the original) There are other problems (like errors) in the Qur’an (we will look at two)
The Qur’an and the Cross The crucifixion of Jesus is a very strong historical fact Josephus Tacitus Lucian Mara Bar-Serapion The Talmud Confirmation inside and outside the Bible
Surah 4:156-158: “And [We cursed them] for their disbelief and their saying against Mary a great slander, And [for] their saying, "Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah." And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.
The Qur’an and the Trinity Surah 5:116 “And when Allah said: “O Jesus son of Mary! Did you say to mankind: ‘Take me and my mother for two gods other than Allah?” He said: “Transcendent are You! It was not mine to say that of which I had no right. In saying it, then You knew it. You know what is in my self, but I know not what is in You self. It is You, only You, Who know well all hidden things.” (Surah 4:171, Surah 4:48, Surah 6:101, Surah 5:17)
All throughout the Qur’an they talk as if the Christian Trinity is God the father, son, and mother That is historically wrong. We know what Christians in his area taught at that time, and Christians around the world, they taught the trinity was father, son, spirit
The Religion The treatment of women is a big problem There are many verses in the Qur’an that show great inequality between men and women in Islam Surah 37:48 describes how women will serve men in paradise
Surah 4:34: “But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.” The cover is a problem, but not the biggest issue when it comes to Islam and women Women are often beat by their husbands
People always ask about Jihad & violence and what the Qur’an actually says Please keep in mind, the question is not “are all Muslims violent” the question is “does the Qur’an support it” We will look at one example (and reference others) where it does
"When thy Lord inspired the angels, (saying): I am with you. So make those who believe stand firm. I will throw fear into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Then smite the necks and smite of them each finger. 13 That is because they opposed Allah and His messenger. Whoso opposeth Allah and His messenger, (for him) lo! Allah is severe in punishment," (Quran 8:12). See also: Quran 2:191, Quran 9:123, Quran 5:33,
Why do they do it though? “Then, he whose balance (of good deeds) will be (found) heavy, Will be in a life of good pleasure and satisfaction. 8 But he whose balance (of good deeds) will be (found) light, Will have his home in a (bottomless) Pit.” (Surah 101:6-9) In Islam you don’t know if your saved until you get the judgment
"Let those fight in the cause of Allah Who sell the life of this world for the hereafter. To him who fighteth in the cause of Allah,- -whether he is slain or gets victory— Soon shall We give him a reward of great (value)." (4:74) There is one exception If that were the only way you could be sure you’d make it to heaven, wouldn’t you do it?
There isn’t much hope, love, or assurance for a Muslim, don’t hate them, care enough to share the truth that can set them free John 3:16: “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.”
It’s more than a political matter 1.2 billion Muslims are lost in a hopeless lie and on their way to eternal damnation and we have the truth that can save them Share the gospel
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