Presentation on theme: " APUSH: Spiconardi. Rivalry with Spain o During the 1500’s England was a second-rate power compared to Spain o The Spanish Armada convinced the English."— Presentation transcript:
Rivalry with Spain o During the 1500’s England was a second-rate power compared to Spain o The Spanish Armada convinced the English they could compete with Spain o The English wanted the silver and gold Spain was amassing
Enclosure Movement o The wool trade in Europe was expanding o Larger farmland owners enclosed their farms and evicted small farmers and tenants from the commons o Many migrate to England’s cities
Enclosure Movement (Con’t) o Gin Lane (1751) What does this engraving from William Hogarth suggest about England’s urban areas?
Government Policy o Unemployed could be whipped, branded, conscripted, or hanged o Queen Elizabeth attempted to regulate hours and wages o Vagrants had to accept any job offered o Changing employment could result in punishment
Richard Hakluyt – Protestant minister who advocated for the establishment of colonies Writes, A Discourse Concerning Western Planting (1584), which lists 23 reasons Queen Elizabeth should support colonization o Read the excerpt. What reasons does he provide in support of colonization?
The only unclaimed land left for the English was the middle section of North America o Many deemed this section worthless Lacked precious metals Could not sustain sugar cultivation o Why do it?
Abundance of animals and fertile soil Colonists could provide English with goods that were currently supplied by foreigners Trade would be the basis of England’s empire
In the late 16 th century, Puritanism developed o Based on its name, what do you think Puritanism entailed? Beliefs o The Church of England retained too many elements of Catholic doctrine and ritual o Rejected Church hierarchy Independent local congregations should elect their clergy and determine modes of worship o Read the Bible for yourself o Listen to sermons from educated clergy o Idleness and immoral behavior were signs of damnation
King Charles I dismissed and censored Puritan writings Puritans emigrated to the New World in order to o Escape the corruption of English society o To worship and govern in a truly Christian manner