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Encounters in East Asia.   Zheng He = China’s greatest explorer  Leads 7 voyages of Chinese exploration and discovery  Purpose of travels = impress.

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Presentation on theme: "Encounters in East Asia.   Zheng He = China’s greatest explorer  Leads 7 voyages of Chinese exploration and discovery  Purpose of travels = impress."— Presentation transcript:

1 Encounters in East Asia

2   Zheng He = China’s greatest explorer  Leads 7 voyages of Chinese exploration and discovery  Purpose of travels = impress the world with China’s power  Distributed treasures to show Chinese superiority  China received much tribute in return  Chinese officials claim trips are worthless  Why spend money telling the world what they already know? Zheng He

3   Hongwu becomes first Ming emperor – drives Mongols out of China  Begins agricultural reforms – increases food production  Yonglo (Hogwu’s son) wants to expand China’s tribute system  Tribute = payment from a weak country to a strong country to acknowledge its submission Ming Dynasty

4   Qing Dynasty takes over after the Ming  Qing leaders not Chinese; they’re from Manchuria  Many citizens disliked the leaders because of this  Qing leaders earn citizens’ respect  Isolation continues  China very arrogant  Expect rest of world to “kowtow” to them  Ritual to show submission  Most countries too proud to kowtow to China  Only Dutch participate in ritual – gain many economic benefits Qing Dynasty

5   Civil war in Japan removes a central power and distributes it to shoguns or military leaders  Daimyo rule under the guide of the shogun  Daimyo = local warlords offer protection for loyalty of citizens  Oda Nobunaga a strong daimyo who tries to unify Japan  Commits seppuku when betrayed by one of his generals Japan

6   Tokugawa Ieyasu a strong daimyo  To keep power Tokugawa requires local leaders & families to spend each other year in the capital  When returning home, families required to remain in Edo  What is the impact of this?  Tokugawa uses families as hostages to control leaders  Ieyasu a strong daimyo & unifies Japan Japan

7   Japan initially welcomes foreigners  Portugal becomes major trade partner  European weapons become popular with daimyo  Christian missionaries come to Japan  Initially welcomed by Japanese because associated with weapons (both are foreign)  Many Japanese convert to Christianity Japan

8   Conversion to Christianity upsets Tokugawa  Bans Christianity in Japan  European values clashed with Japanese values  Japan closes its borders to foreign traders  Only one port open to foreign trade  Only Dutch and Chinese allowed to trade with Japan Japan


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