Presentation on theme: "The New South Ansley, Kylie, Micalah, Trenton, Ethan."— Presentation transcript:
The New South Ansley, Kylie, Micalah, Trenton, Ethan
The South after the Civil War The South was completely destroyed Slaves were freed Northern soldiers occupying the region
Rebuilding infrastructure During the Civil War, Union soldiers destroyed everything in their path that was important to the South's industry- bridges, railroads
Land distribution After the war, there was a saying that slaves would get "forty acres and a mule" Although, constitutionally, the government couldn't take away land from people who owned it. Whites were reluctant to selling blacks their land Therefore, freed people had to go back to plantations and work for wages.
What went in place of slavery... With no more slaves, plantation workers had to find paid workers Most were tenant farmers
Tenant farmers Many freed slaves could only get work as tenant farmers Workers would pay to live on the land that they worked on Workers could not make very much and it wasn't a very good living.
Agriculture After the war, the south decided to not rely on one or two crops, instead they decided to grow several crops. Two new kinds of tobacco were identified Boom for cotton for northern industries
Agriculture Rice and sugar cane in Louisiana In Alabama, they were producing large amounts of iron, limestone, and coal for the rest of the nation. Southern pines were in high demand after the war for rebuilding homes that had been damaged during the war The south also now supplied majority of the worlds hydroelectricity.
Economics South's 'confederate' money was now worthless Price of cotton fell drastically (too much in the world) Decreased labor force Undeveloped railroads Blacks: almost always in debt when working as a tenant farmer
Political changes With the loss of the Confederate government, Southern residents turned to leaders within their community. Local leaders became known as "Redeemers", for their efforts to redeem the South from being dominated by Yankees. Republicans, Independents, and Populists called the Redeemers "Bourbons", meant to imply they were reactive, not proactive.
Political Changes Changing the mindset of the South allowed for several black politicians to emerge as leaders. South Carolina and Georgia both had black representatives in congress, although they always represented areas with high density of black residents.
Segregation Now that blacks were free, many Southerners did not want to assimilate with them. Jim Crow laws heavily segregated blacks from whites
Rights were not enforced Black Codes Voting- while blacks were given the right to vote, they usually had to pass a reading test. This was a problem, as most slaves could not read.
Violence KKK- included former confederate veterans As blacks were becoming more prominent in political organizations, the clan was out to kill them, and get them out of the government.
Forgiving the North Robert. E Lee, Confederate General, also wanted to move forward from war. He urged Southerners to forgive and become friends again. Lincoln did not punish South. Instead reconciliation. North showed their desire to have the Southern states brought back as loyal citizens and voters.