Presentation on theme: "Hitler and the Rise of the Nazi Party – Part I"— Presentation transcript:
1Hitler and the Rise of the Nazi Party – Part I Chapter 13.5
2Weimar RepublicAfter WWI, German leaders set up a democratic government known as the Weimar RepublicWeimar constitution established a parliamentary system led by a chancellorConstitution gave women the right to vote and included a bill of rightsNew German republic faced severe economic problems
3Economic CrisisWhen Germany could not make its war reparations, France seized the coal-rich Ruhr ValleyGovernment actions led to inflation and skyrocketing consumer pricesThe German deutschmark was virtually worthlessMany middle-class families lost their life savingsThe German government was weak and ineffective to solve the economic crisis to stabilize the German mark
4Worthless German MarkThe value of the German mark plummeted. It often took shoppers wheelbarrows of money to go shopping for milk or bread.An item that cost 100 marks in 1922 cost 944,000 marks in 1923 – one year later!
5HyperinflationWhen associated with depressions, hyperinflation often occurs when there is a large increase in the money supply not supported by gross domestic product (GDP) growth, resulting in an imbalance in the supply and demand for the money. Left unchecked this causes prices to increase, as the currency loses its value. When associated with wars, hyperinflation often occurs when there is a loss of confidence in a currency's ability to maintain its value in the aftermath. Because of this, sellers demand a risk premium to accept the currency, and they do this by raising their prices. One of the most famous examples of hyperinflation occurred in Germany between January 1922 and November By some estimates, the average price level increased by a factor of 20 billion, doubling every 28 hours.Source:
6Brief Video Watch this video to learn about monetary inflation:
7Dawes Plan1924 – USA convinced France to lower German war reparation paymentsFrance withdrew French forces from the Ruhr ValleyUSA lent money to Germany to help the German economy recoverGerman inflation was brought under control with Western assistance
8Adolf Hitler Born in 1889 in Austria Moved to Vienna at age 18 Developed anti-semitic attitude (hatred/prejudice) against Jews while in ViennaFought with German army in WWIAfter WWI, Hitler hated the weak Weimar government that accepted the terms of the Treaty of VersaillesHe became leader of the National Socialists, or Nazi Party
10Mein Kampf 1923: Hitler was arrested and imprisoned for treason While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf (“My Struggle”)Mein Kampf explained Nazi goals, beliefs, and prejudicesMein Kampf represented Hitler’s obsessions: 1) extreme nationalism, 2) racism, and 3) anti-semitismHitler blamed Jews, Marxists, corrupt politicians and crooked business leaders for Germany’s defeat in WWI
12Aryans Hitler believed in a master race called Aryans Aryans were light-skinned EuropeansHitler felt Aryans were the enemies of the Jews, long persecuted by Christians in historyHitler branded Judaism as a separate race, not a religionHitler defined a Jewish person if they had at least one Jewish grandparent
14LebensraumHitler dreamed that all German-speaking people would unite into one nationGermany needed lebensraum – living space to expand in order to accommodate all the new people that would live inside the new GermanyInferior races (dark-skinned) and Slavs would have to vacate to make room for the German empireHitler takes on the title Fuhrer (leader)
15Lebensraum Propaganda The German invasion of Russia in 1941 was the first step of Hitler's attempt to acquire more land (lebensraum) for the German people to populate.
16Powerpoint Questions – Part I 15 points 1. What was the name of the German government established after WWI?2. Identify the leader of the new German republic.3. What did France do when Germany refused to make war reparations?4. Describe what happened to the value of the German deutschmark (currency).5. What is the term called when there is a loss of confidence in a currency's ability to maintain its value following a war?
17Powerpoint Questions – Part I 6. What was the name of the American plan that helped the German economy recover?7. What was the name of the book that Hitler authored?8. Identify the three obsessions represented in Hitler’s book.9. The “master race” were known as ________.10. How did Hitler define a Jew?11. Name Hitler’s program for expanding the German empire.12. What title does Hitler give himself? What does it mean? (2 points)