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Section B Using Gestures to Communicate Background Information 1. Tunisia ( 突尼斯 ) It is a country of northern Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea.

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Presentation on theme: "Section B Using Gestures to Communicate Background Information 1. Tunisia ( 突尼斯 ) It is a country of northern Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Section B Using Gestures to Communicate

3 Background Information 1. Tunisia ( 突尼斯 ) It is a country of northern Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea ( 地中海 ). The region was settled in the 12th century B.C. by Phoenicians ( 腓尼基人 ), later controlled by Romans, Carthaginians ( 迦太基人 ), and Turks ( 土耳其人 ), among others, and became a French protectorate ( 受保护国 ) in Full independence was achieved in Tunis ( 突尼斯 ) is the capital of the country and the largest city. 1. Tunisia ( 突尼斯 ) It is a country of northern Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea ( 地中海 ). The region was settled in the 12th century B.C. by Phoenicians ( 腓尼基人 ), later controlled by Romans, Carthaginians ( 迦太基人 ), and Turks ( 土耳其人 ), among others, and became a French protectorate ( 受保护国 ) in Full independence was achieved in Tunis ( 突尼斯 ) is the capital of the country and the largest city.

4 2. Sardinia ( 撒丁岛 ) It is an island of Italy in the Mediterranean Sea south of Corsica ( 法国的科西嘉岛 ). Settled by Phoenicians ( 腓尼基人 ), Greeks, and Carthaginians ( 迦太基人 ) before the 6th century B.C., the island was taken by Rome in 238 B.C. and later fell to the Vandals ( 汪达尔人 ) (5th century A.D.) and the Byzantines ( 拜占庭人 ) (early 6th century). Numerous European powers controlled the island before Victor Emmanuel II ( 维克多 · 爱曼纽 二世 ) of Sardinia became the first king of Italy in Sardinia ( 撒丁岛 ) It is an island of Italy in the Mediterranean Sea south of Corsica ( 法国的科西嘉岛 ). Settled by Phoenicians ( 腓尼基人 ), Greeks, and Carthaginians ( 迦太基人 ) before the 6th century B.C., the island was taken by Rome in 238 B.C. and later fell to the Vandals ( 汪达尔人 ) (5th century A.D.) and the Byzantines ( 拜占庭人 ) (early 6th century). Numerous European powers controlled the island before Victor Emmanuel II ( 维克多 · 爱曼纽 二世 ) of Sardinia became the first king of Italy in 1861.

5 3. Colombia ( 哥伦比亚 ) It is a country of northwest South America with coastlines on the Pacific Ocean ( 太平洋 ) and the Caribbean Sea ( 加勒比海 ). It was settled by the Spanish ( 西班牙人 ) in 1510 and formed the nucleus ( 中心 ) of the viceroyalty ( 辖区 ) of New Granada after Colombia gained its independence from Spain in 1819 under the leadership of Simón Bolivar. Bogotá ( 波哥大 ) is the capital and the largest city. 3. Colombia ( 哥伦比亚 ) It is a country of northwest South America with coastlines on the Pacific Ocean ( 太平洋 ) and the Caribbean Sea ( 加勒比海 ). It was settled by the Spanish ( 西班牙人 ) in 1510 and formed the nucleus ( 中心 ) of the viceroyalty ( 辖区 ) of New Granada after Colombia gained its independence from Spain in 1819 under the leadership of Simón Bolivar. Bogotá ( 波哥大 ) is the capital and the largest city.

6 4. Syria ( 叙利亚 ) A country of southwest Asia on the eastern Mediterranean ( 地中海 ) coast. Conquered by various powers in ancient times, it was a province of the Ottoman Empire ( 奥斯曼帝国 ) (1290—1922) and became a French territory in Syria officially gained its independence in Damascus ( 大马士革 ) is the capital and the largest city. 4. Syria ( 叙利亚 ) A country of southwest Asia on the eastern Mediterranean ( 地中海 ) coast. Conquered by various powers in ancient times, it was a province of the Ottoman Empire ( 奥斯曼帝国 ) (1290—1922) and became a French territory in Syria officially gained its independence in Damascus ( 大马士革 ) is the capital and the largest city.

7 Reading More Questions and Answers: Direction: Answer the following questions according to the text. 1.What kind of gestures do you usually used? 2.How about the gestures used in different ways? 3.Can you demonstrate the gestures and body movements mentioned in text A?

8 Intensive Reading 1. Strange things can happen when body language is used across cultures!(para.1) across cultures across cultures 2. The American wants to say that there is not only a trolley service, but that it is FREE! (para.3) FREE! 3. Meanwhile, a Tunisian observer thinks the American is telling the Japanese man that he is a worthless thief and that he is going to kill him. (para.3) worthless 4. it’s not a very good idea to go hitchhiking in Sardinia.(para.5) go hitchhikinggo hitchhiking 5. the Frenchman is glancing at a Colombian who is enjoying a fine wine with his dinner. (para.8) glancing atglancing at

9 6. The Colombian is made very angry by the mean gesture because he believes it is directed at him. (para.9) is directed atis directed at 7. Thanks to a Greek friend, the Syrian is held back, with great difficulty, from getting up and hitting the Colombian on the nose.(para.11) held backfromheld backfrom

10 across cultures 跨文化;不同文化之间 e.g. 1. 有的手势在不同的文化中表达的意思完全相反。 - Some gestures have entirely different meanings across cultures. - Some gestures have entirely different meanings across cultures. 2. 学好外语是自由地进行跨文化交流的第一步。 - A good command of a foreign language goes before the free across-culture communication. - A good command of a foreign language goes before the free across-culture communication.

11 Meaning: The American wants to tell the Japanese that he can not only get a trolley at the airport, but also use it free of charge! Meaning: The American wants to tell the Japanese that he can not only get a trolley at the airport, but also use it free of charge! Please notice the word "free" in capital (大写) letters for emphasis to draw the readers' attention.

12 worthless ( 人 ) 品质不良的, 品行不端的 ; 没有价值的 worthless ( 人 ) 品质不良的, 品行不端的 ; 没有价值的 worthwhile 值得 ( 花时间、精力的 )( 做表语,定语 ) worthwhile 值得 ( 花时间、精力的 )( 做表语,定语 ) be worthwhile doing sth./to do sth. be worthwhile doing sth./to do sth. worthy a. 应得某事物,值得做某事 (做表语) worthy a. 应得某事物,值得做某事 (做表语) be worthy of/to do sth. be worthy of/to do sth. b. 值得尊敬的,值得考虑的 (做定语) b. 值得尊敬的,值得考虑的 (做定语) worth 有某种价值的;值得做的 worth 有某种价值的;值得做的 be worth sth.; be worth doing sth. be worth sth.; be worth doing sth. Practice PracticePractice

13 Fill in the blanks with “worthless, worthwhile, worthy or worth”. 1. It’s _______________ helping the poor. 1. It’s _______________ helping the poor. 2. His heroic deeds are _________ of the highest praise. 2. His heroic deeds are _________ of the highest praise. 3. It was a completely _________ exercise. 3. It was a completely _________ exercise. 4. It is not __________ waiting for his coming. 4. It is not __________ waiting for his coming. 5. This is a car _________ $ 30 thousand. 5. This is a car _________ $ 30 thousand. worthwhile/worth worthy worthless worth

14 hitchhike / thumb a lift (站在路旁示意要求)搭顺风车 e.g. 1. 有时搭便车不够安全。 - Sometimes it’s not safe enough to go hitchhiking. - Sometimes it’s not safe enough to go hitchhiking. 2. 中国人还不习惯沿途搭乘便车或者让人搭乘便车。 - Chinese people are not used to hitchhiking or offering the hitchhikers a lift. - Chinese people are not used to hitchhiking or offering the hitchhikers a lift.

15 glance at 瞥视;匆匆一看 Word related: glimpse at glimpse at 瞥见,匆匆一看 瞥见,匆匆一看 peep at peep at look at 朝 ······ 看 look at 朝 ······ 看 stare at/into stare at/into 凝视,盯着看 凝视,盯着看 gaze at/into gaze at/into

16 be directed/aimed at 针对, 指向 e.g. 1. 我的话不针对任何人。 - My words are not directed at anybody. - My words are not directed at anybody. 2. 发言人说军事演习不会针对任何第三方。 - The spokesman said the war game was not directed at any third party. - The spokesman said the war game was not directed at any third party.

17 hold back ( … from doing sth.) 阻止;阻挡 e.g. 1. 他努力控制住自己不去拿那肮脏的钱。 - He tried hard to hold himself back from getting the dirty money. - He tried hard to hold himself back from getting the dirty money. 2. 这位小女孩发现自己在树林中迷了路时忍不住哭了。 - The little girl could not hold back her tears when she found her lost in the woods. - The little girl could not hold back her tears when she found her lost in the woods. (c.f. prevent from; stop from; keep from; save from ) (c.f. prevent from; stop from; keep from; save from )

18 Testing Yourself 1. He is a teacher _____ of great respect. A. value B. worth C. worthwhile D. worthy 2. The two friends haven’t _____ with each other for years. A.compared C. combined B. communicated D.confused 3. Your remarks must have _____ her, as she shouted angrily when she left. A. defended B. offended C. confused D.directed 4. He _____ from their facial expressions that they were not in favor of the plan. A. concluded B. said C. answered D. replied Section A: Choose the best item to complete each of the following sentences. D B. A

19 5. I wanted to tell him the truth, but something ____ me back. A. put B. stopped C. held D. caught A. put B. stopped C. held D. caught 6. There are no ____ differences between the two groups of students. A. instant B.directly C.significant D. significantly A. instant B.directly C.significant D. significantly 7. Mary is not very good at ____ her views across. A. finding B. picking C. expressing D. putting A. finding B. picking C. expressing D. putting 8. She wrongly believed that the gesture was ____ at her. A. turned B. directed C.upset D. put A. turned B. directed C.upset D. put C C D B

20 1. This is a (worth) _________ necklace, because it is just an imitation. 2. One should always have a (cheer) ________ attitude toward life. 3. The film will begin (immediate) __________. 4. I think USA Today is a national newspaper, not a (region) _______ one. 5. Many (fortunate) _________ people were left without food and houses after the natural disaster. 6. She was red in the face with (angry) ________. Section B: Complete each sentence with the correct form of the word given. worthless cheerful immediately regional unfortunate anger

21 7. My grandmother is (especial) __________ fond of sweet food. 8. They overcame many (difficult) __________ and succeeded in the end. 9. As an (observe) ________, he has no right to give his opinion on this matter. 10. Do you know his (race) ________ origin? 11. Loose clothing gives you greater freedom of (move) _________. 12. It would be very (interest) __________ to compare the two cultures. especially difficulties observer racial movement interesting


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