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Psalms Introduction.  The term psalm means “melody”  It’s POERTY!  It’s MUSIC! Each psalm has order & structure just like other poems and songs.

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Presentation on theme: "Psalms Introduction.  The term psalm means “melody”  It’s POERTY!  It’s MUSIC! Each psalm has order & structure just like other poems and songs."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psalms Introduction

2  The term psalm means “melody”  It’s POERTY!  It’s MUSIC! Each psalm has order & structure just like other poems and songs.

3 Psalms Introduction  Types of music familiar to us:  Jazz, Rock, R&B, Soul  Gospel, Blues, Classical, Country  Reggae, Pop, Rap, Hip Hop, Latino

4 Psalms Introduction  Types of psalms: see handout  Individual (39%)  Hymns of Praise (21%)  Communal (18%)  Instructional (15%)  Royal (7%)

5 Psalms Introduction  Parallelism: the key to understanding the psalms: see handout

6 Psalms Introduction Arrangement of Psalms  Introduction: 1-2  Book One: 3-41  Book Two:  Book Three:  Book Four:  Book Five:  Conclusion:

7 Psalms Introduction  Musical terms throughout  Chief Musician  Arrangement; Lightly  Choir, Soprano  Strings; Octave  Crescendo; Pause; Vibrate  Psalm, Song, Poem, Praise, etc.

8 Psalms Introduction  Musical instruments throughout  T rumpet, harp, lyre  Timbrel, stringed instruments, pipe  Loud cymbals, resounding cymbals  All of these i n Psalm 150 alone!

9 Psalms Introduction  The Psalms are an inspired collection of Hebrew poetry and songs that arise out of experiences with which we can all identify.  Psalms arose from real people wishing to express themselves during times of prosperity, adversity, holiness, sinfulness, despair, joy, thanksgiving, praise, worship.

10 Psalms Introduction  Praise and Worship are two major themes seen throughout the Psalter.  Praise extols God’s actions & attributes  Worship reminds us of our proper place under God (“to bow down”)

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16 “In any area of life one naturally praises what one appreciates; in fact, the praise is part of the enjoyment. It does not matter whether it is sports, flowers, sunsets, children, cars, great books, or anything else. To enjoy something fully one must speak of it.” C.S. Lewis Reflections in the Psalms

17 Psalms Introduction Psalms Importance to OT:  Inspired Backgrounds (Psalm 3, e.g.)  “Richer” insights of life with the Lord

18 Psalms Introduction Psalms Importance to NT:  50% of the OT quotes in the NT are from the Psalms  “Speaking to one another in psalms, hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody with your heart to the Lord” (Eph. 5:19)

19 And he will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water…

20 Psalm 1  Serves as the Introduction to the Psalms  Sets the “tone” by contrasting two major themes seen throughout the Psalms…  the way of the righteous who are guided by the Word of God  the way of the wicked (ungodly) that proves worthless, vain and temporary

21 Psalm 1  Wisdom Psalm  Characteristics of wisdom literature:  Contrasts righteous & wicked  Fear of the Lord/Love for the Law  Inevitability of retribution  Use of simile (like or as)  “Blessed” formula  Terms (way, know, righteous, wicked, Law, meditation, prosper, scorner, etc.)

22 Psalm 1 As a piece of wisdom literature Psalm 1 not only instructs people to obey the Word of God, but demonstrates the wisdom in doing so, and the utter folly of living a life apart from it.

23 Psalm 1  Message: The psalmist describes the blessed one who leads an untarnished and prosperous life in accord with the word of the Lord, and contrasts the wicked who shall perish.

24 1 How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, nor stand in the path of sinners, nor sit in the seat of scoffers! 2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and in His law he meditates day and night. 3 And he will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither; and in whatever he does, he prospers. 4 The wicked are not so, but they are like chaff which the wind drives away. 5 Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous. 6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

25 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The Way of the Wicked (4)  The Judgment (5-6)

26 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who leads an untarnished life is blessed (1).  Announcement of blessing (1a)  3 qualifications of the blessed (1b-d)

27 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who leads an untarnished life is blessed (1).  Announcement of blessing (1a) How blessed is the man…

28 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  Announcement of “blessing” (1a)  “right, straight, spiritually joyful” Blessed (“asher”) = the conditions and situation of the one who is right with God and the pleasure and satisfaction that is derived from that.

29 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who leads an untarnished life is blessed (1).  Announcement of blessing (1a)  3 qualifications of the blessing (1b-d) How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, nor stand in the path of sinners, nor sit in the seat of scoffers!

30 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  3 qualifications of the blessed” (1b-d)  Not walk in the counsel of the wicked  Nor stand in the path of sinners  Nor sit in the seat of scoffers Note the trilogy of connections between the  People: wicked/sinners/scoffers  Actions: walk/stand/sit  Involvement: counsel/path/seat

31 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  3 qualifications of the blessed” (1b-d)  Note the increased intensity in each WALKCOUNSELWICKED STANDPATHSINNERS SITSEATSCOFFERS

32 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  3 qualifications of the blessed” (1b-d)  Not walk in the counsel of the wicked  Nor stand in the path of sinners  Nor sit in the seat of scoffers WARNING: the point of the trilogy is to show that if one begins by taking the advice of the unbeliever, he will move to consider that way, and after a while be so much a part of it that he will be named among the scorners of the faith.

33 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who leads an untarnished life is blessed (1).  The person who lives an untarnished life follows God’s instructions (2).

34 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who lives an untarnished life follows God’s instructions (2) But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and in His law he meditates day and night.

35 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who lives an untarnished life follows God’s instructions (2)  Strong contrast  1:1= FLEE  1:2 = PURSUIT

36 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who lives an untarnished life follows God’s instructions (2).  Focus = Word of God (Torah)  “Delight” = not burdensome; desire  “Meditates” = deep inner thoughts  “Hagah” sounds like muttering

37 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who leads an untarnished life is blessed (1).  The person who lives an untarnished life follows God’s instructions (2).  The person who follows God’s word will have success in this life (3).

38 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who follows God’s word will have success in this life (3). And he will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither; and in whatever he does, he prospers.

39 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who follows God’s word will have success in this life (3).  Simile of the tree (3)  Characteristics of the tree (3a-d)  Firmly planted (3a)  Well watered = Growth (3b)  Regularly fruitful = Productive (3c)  Regularly active = Persistence (3d)

40 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The person who follows God’s word will have success in this life (3).  Statement of fact: Prosperity (3e)  No more simile = reality  “Prospers” = living in accord with God’s word and will….  “thrive, advance, success”

41 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The Way of the Wicked (4)  The Judgment (5-6)

42 Psalm 1  The Way of the Wicked (4)  The life of the ungodly is worthless (4) The wicked are not so, but they are like chaff which the wind drives away.

43 Psalm 1  The Way of the Wicked (4)  The life of the ungodly is worthless (4)  Strong contrast with 1:4  1:4a – ungodly: not like the righteous  Growing/Producing/Persisting  1:4b – ungodly: like chaff  contrasts with the firm tree in 3a  Light, worthless husks separated from the food grain through winnowing.

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45 Psalm 1  The Way of the Wicked (4)  The life of the ungodly is worthless (4)  Contrasts between Righteous/Wicked  Solid – Impermanent  Productive – Unproductive Life is lived in futility if its fundamental purpose is never discovered.

46 Psalm 1  The Way of the Righteous (1-3)  The Way of the Wicked (4)  The Judgment (5-6)

47 Psalm 1  The Judgment (5-6)  The wicked (ungodly) will not survive the judgment (5). Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous.

48 Psalm 1  The Judgment (5-6)  The wicked (ungodly) will not survive the judgment (5).  This is why the wicked “will not stand”  Contrasted with “firmly planted” in 3a  Because the ungodly do not draw from the Word of God and flourish like the righteous, the ungodly will not be left standing at the judgment (they will not survive it).

49 1 How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, nor stand in the path of sinners, nor sit in the seat of scoffers! 2 But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and in His law he meditates day and night. 3 And he will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in its season, and its leaf does not wither; and in whatever he does, he prospers. 4 The wicked are not so, but they are like chaff which the wind drives away. 5 Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the assembly of the righteous. 6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

50 Psalm 1  The Judgment (5-6)  The righteous will be saved (6a)  The wicked will perish (6b) For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

51 Psalm 1  The Judgment (5-6)  The righteous will be saved (6a)  Why?  Because YHWH knows their “way”  Their faith & course of life

52 Psalm 1  The Judgment (5-6)  The way of the wicked will be their ruination (6b). For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

53 Psalm 1 Two Types of People Two Ways Two Destinies

54 And he will be like a tree firmly planted by streams of water…

55 Psalms Bible Study: Evening June 10Intro & Psalm1 June 17Psalm 2 June 24NO CLASS July 1Psalm 63 July 8Psalm 23 July 15Psalms of Ascent Hallel Psalms Psalm 150 Praise & Worship


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