Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 Reconstruction and the New South ( )"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 17 Reconstruction and the New South (1865-1896) Section 3 The South During Reconstruction
2 Section 3-Polling Question In your opinion, should President Johnson have been removed from office?A. YesB. NoAB
3 Essential QuestionIn what ways did government in the Southern states change during Reconstruction?
4 African Americans in Government African American voters played an important role in ReconstructContributing to Republican victories in the SouthSome African Americans were able to win seats as elected officialsIn South Carolina, African Americans held a majority in the lower house of the legislatureIn other states, African Americans held important positions, but never in proportion to their numbers
5 At the National Level16 African Americans served in the House of Representatives ( )2 African Americans served in the Senate ( )One was Hiram Revels- an ordained ministerRevels had recruited African Americans for the Union armyHe also started a school for freed African Americans in MissouriHe also served as chaplain of an African American regiment in MississippiRevels stayed in Mississippi and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1870
6 Blanche K. Bruce The other African American senator Also from MississippiA former escaped slaveTaught in a school for African Americans in MissouriIn 1869 he went to Mississippi, entered politics, and was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1874
7 Scalawags and Carpetbaggers Some Southern whites backed the RepublicansFormer Confederates called them scalawags (scoundrel or worthless rascal)Some Northern whites moved to the South after the war and supported the Republican partyCritics called these Northerners carpetbaggersSome were dishonest, but many were reformers who wanted to help the SouthMany Southerners accused the Reconstruction governments of corruption
8 A B C D Southern whites who supported Republicans were called Section 3Southern whites who supported Republicans were calledA. scalawagsB. sharecroppersC. carpetbaggersD. freedmenABCD
9 Resistance to Reconstruction Most Southerners opposed efforts to expand African Americans’ rightsMost white landowners refused to rent land to freed peopleStore owners refused them credit and employers would not hire themSecret societies, such as the Ku Klux Klan, used fear and violence to deny rights to freed men and womenThe KKK wore white sheets and hoods
10 The KKKKlan members killed 1000s of African Americans and their white friendsWounded many moreBurned African American homes, schools, and churchesMany southerners, especially planters and the Democrats, back the KKKThey saw violence as a defense against Republican rule1870 and Laws were passed to stop the violence of the KlanBut most Southerners refused to testify against those who attacked African Americans and their white supporters
11 EducationDuring Reconstruction, African Americans created their own schoolsThe Freedmen’s Bureau also helped spread education1870s- Reconstruction governments created public schools for both racesWithin a few years about 50% of white children and 40% of African American children in the South were enrolledNorthern missionary societies set up academiesThese academies grew into African American colleges and universitiesFisk University in Tennessee and Morehouse College in GeorgiaOnly a few states required that schools be integrated, but the laws were not enforced
12 FarmingSome African Americans purchased land with the help of the Freedmen’s BankMost were unable to get landThe most common form of farmwork for freed people was sharecroppingA landowner rented a plot of land to a sharecropperAn a crude shack, some seeds, and tools (also maybe a mule)In return, sharecroppers shared a percentage of their crops with the landownersAfter paying the landowner, sharecroppers often had little left to sellFor many, sharecropping was little better than slavery
13 Section 3What was the relationship between sharecroppers and landowners?A. Landowners owned sharecroppers.B. Landowners sold small parcels of land to sharecroppers.C. Sharecroppers rented a parcel of land from a landowner.D. Sharecroppers worked the landowner’s land for a small annual salary.ABCD
14 - During Reconstruction, African American men gained these rights Essential QuestionIn what ways did government in the Southern states change during Reconstruction?-Before the Civil War, only whites could vote or hold office in the South- During Reconstruction, African American men gained these rights-African American voters mostly supported Republicans, helping Radical Republicans take control of Southern state governments-Several African Americans were elected to office
18 A carpetbagger was a poor person from the South who tried to make money in the North. TrueFalse
19 Many Democrats supported the actions of the Ku Klux Klan. TrueFalse
20 The Freedmen's Bank lent money to help African Americans buy land. TrueFalse
21 Southern whites who supported Republican policy throughout Reconstruction were called carpetbaggers.Republican hostages.scalawags.freedmen.
22 Northerners who moved to the South and supported the Republicans were called carpetbaggers.Republican hostages.scalawags.freedmen.
23 One way some Southerners made life difficult for freed African Americans was to keep them from holding government positions.keep them out of schools.refuse to give them work.supply them with diseased food.
24 voting rights violence cooperation Democratic Party What did Southerners who had the most to gain from the reestablishment of white supremacy see as a defense against Republican rule?voting rightsviolencecooperationDemocratic Party
25 What did African Americans find to be little better than slavery? integrationmoving to the Northsharecroppingland ownership