Groups vs Teams Teams have : Stronger sense of identification Common goals or task Task interdependence More differentiated and specialized roles between team members
Characteristics of Effective Teams Defined mission, task, objective, or function Cooperation and communication Interdependence
Principles of Effective Teams Trust and confidence Delegation/Empowerment Cooperation Participation Respect for the individual Clearly defined roles Communication Dedication/Commitment Clarity of team goals Loyalty
Communication Clear communication Reflection of how well we pass information Speak with clarity and directness Be Concise Listen actively Avoid interrupting
Clarity in team goals Everyone understands purpose and goals No confusion or disagreement
Summary Four stages of group growth Group growth behaviors Groups versus teams Characteristics of effective teams Principles of effective teams
NASA Exercise: Lost on the Moon Your spaceship has crash-landed on the dark side of the moon and you are scheduled to rendezvous with the mother ship, which is 200 miles away on the lighted side of the moon. The crash has ruined the ship and destroyed nearly all the equipment. Your crew’s survival depends on reaching the mother ship, so you must choose the most critical items available to take on the 200 mile trip.
_____ Box of matches _____ Food Concentrate _____ Fifty feet of nylon rope _____ Parachute silk _____ Solar-powered portable heating unit _____ Two.45 caliber pistols _____ One case of dehydrated milk _____ Two 100-pound tanks of oxygen _____ Stellar map _____ Self-inflating life raft _____ Magnetic compass _____ Five gallons of water _____ Signal flares _____ First-aid kit with hypodermic syringes _____ Solar-powered FM transmitter/receiver NASA Exercise: Lost on the Moon Your task is to rank-order the 15 items in the order of their importance for your survival. Place a “1” beside the most important item, a “2” beside the second most import item, and so on until you have ranked all 15 items.
NASA Exercise: Lost on the Moon ITEMNASA’S REASON FOR RANKINGRANKING Box of matchesNo oxygen on the moon; worthless15 Food concentrateEfficient means of energy4 Nylon ropeUseful in scaling cliffs, 6 tying injured together Parachute silkProtection from sun’s rays 8 Heating unitNot needed unless on dark side13.45 cal pistolsPossible means of self-propulsion11 Dehydrated milkBulkier duplicate of food12 concentrate Oxygen tanksMost pressing survival need 1 Stellar mapPrimary means of navigation 3 Self-inflating CO2 bottle may be used for 9 Life raftPropulsion Magnetic Compass Moon’s magnetic field not14 polarized; worthless 5 gals waterReplacement for great liquid loss2 on lighted side Signal flaresDistress signal when mother ship 10 is sighted First-aid kitSyringes for vitamins, medicine 7 Solar-poweredFor communication with mother ship5 transceiver but FM requires line-of-sight range