Crisis n A crucial time or event that causes a change in a person’s life.
Crisis comes in all sizes, shapes and forms n Violence n Abuse n Addiction n Death n Illness n Unemployment n Depression n Gambling n Suicide n Teenage Pregnancy n Criminal Attack n Divorce n Separation n Rape n Missing Children n Runaways
Violence n Violence- any harmful contact that results in injury or death. n Domestic violence- between family members –Spouse or partner abuse –Elder abuse –Child Abuse
Addiction n Addiction = The dependence on a particular substance or action. –Drugs –Alcohol n What does this do to families?
Death n Death of spouse/parent n Death of child n Death of caretaker/nurturer n Dealing with a loss is very difficult on families n Causes many emotions - sadness, anger, fear, guilt n Time usually eases the pain
Unemployment n Occurs both in times of recession and times of prosperity n Can causes massive changes in family spending n Savings could be depleted n Feelings of security are replaced by fears and tension
Depression n It is a “whole-body” illness, involving the body, mood, and thoughts. 1. Clinical Depression 2. Chronic Depression
Symptoms of Depression n Do they express feelings of –Sadness or “emptiness” –hopelessness, pessimism or guilt –helplessness or worthlessness n Do they seem –unable to make decisions –unable to concentrate and remember –lost interest in ordinary activities
Divorce n The legal dissolution of a marriage n Family structure is shaken n Arguments arise n Children are forced to choose sides n Lack of security
Suicide n Impulsive Suicides- hardest to comprehend n When deep feelings of loss (feeling worthless, loss of loved one) regarding some areas of their lives occur, suicides could result.
Suicide continued n Hints or open discussion about suicide have occurred, remarks should not be ignored! n Seek Professional help!
Reacting to Crisis 1. Impact 2. Withdrawal and Confusion 3. Focus 4. Adaptation
Coping in Stages n Denial and Isolation n Anger n Bargaining n Depression