Presentation on theme: "Gail Verley: Assistant Director Enterprise Architecture, FDIC"— Presentation transcript:
1Gail Verley: Assistant Director Enterprise Architecture, FDIC Enterprise Architecture: a focus on Communication and Stakeholder EngagementGail Verley: Assistant Director Enterprise Architecture, FDIC
2Goals/Scope of Presentation How to obtain high level stakeholder involvement in EA governing processes and address major challenges for building stakeholder engagementIdentify vehicles to communicate with EA stakeholders while ensuring the architecture accommodates the style and priorities of the stakeholder communityProvide examples of how stakeholder involvement can lead to consolidation and better management of IT investmentsIntroduction:The thesis of this presentation is rooted in the proper modeling of EA governance. The development of specific tactics to attack a set of business circumstances should be a goal of any EA program. In the case of this presentation we will explore both general strategies to maximize EA success, as well as look at the FDIC’s EA model.
3FDIC Organizational Profile An independent agency of the federal government that was created in 1933 in response to the thousands of bank failures that occurred in the 1920s and early 1930s.Examines and supervises about 5,300 banks and savings banks.The FDIC is managed by a five-person Board of Directors, appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, with no more than three from the same political party2006 proposed corporate operating budget- $1,050,075,5222006 IT Budget-$170,336,799Currently employs 4,466 people throughout the US (267 IT employees)Washington, D.C. Headquarters (209 IT employees)6 Regional Offices (58 IT employees)First we’ll have a little history lesson to help familiarize you with the FDIC and give a frame of reference for the scope of our EA program
4The FDIC utilizes EA to meet several business efficiency needs The FDIC utilizes EA to meet several business efficiency needs. The following slides document both the Corporations established Governance systems as well explores the theory behind those systems.This area of the presentation should answer the What? The How? and the Why? Of the FDIC’s architecture programArchitecting the FDIC: A study in information integration and business alignment
5Enterprise Architecture Run-down Architectural Frameworkblueprint of beginning to end progressionintegrates agreed upon goals to contrive a target architecturea continual processWe are going to begin with a quick analysis of key components of EA that make it a successful business strategy.The first is to establish a blueprint for EA activities that documents the goals, strategies, and responsibilities relevant to the EA processOnce the overarching/theoretical map is drawn, the next step in the EA discuss the step by step process of architectureRecognize that Enterprise Architecture is a work in process, and the process is continual and even repetitive so long as it is successful and in-line with target architecture goals.
6Architecture Process Business needs and requirements Simply the theory behind implementing the Architectural FrameworkThe process is manifest by advancing changes that are new and improved combined with the elimination of unnecessary systems or processes. To support these process changes EA provides a data perspective, application perspective, technical perspective, and redefines the “people” perspective-Business needs and requirements provide the forward propulsion in the process as explained in the previous slide.-Those needs are then funneled thought a people perspective, a data perspective, an application perspective and finally a technical perspective: all contributing to the EA blueprint development that moves a business from mapping an EA strategy to target architecture, concluding with the elimination of worthless systems- The EA process, in specific terms, needs strict guidance and mapping to be carried out correctly.-Just as any one particular business process should have a start and end point, a problem and a solution, a foundation and a goal,-so too does EA.-The procedure by which Enterprise Architects carry out their intended goals is usually an Enterprise Architecture Blueprint.-This plot is designed with strong EA consideration and intended to meet target architecture in the most efficient way possibleStep by step process in actionEvaluate current architectureStrategize and carry out the transition blueprintTo meet the intended outcome of target architectureEliminate Worthless Systems
7FDIC’s Architecture Framework This image depicts the architectural framework and the process of EA implementation that the FDIC follows.Talking Points: (from left to right in the picture)1. Architecture is driven by business and design aims. These fuel the process from inception to completion2. Those drivers force the evaluation of Current Architecture in the areas of business, data, applications, and technology which represent the critical architectural segments that build the goal architecture3. Once the current status is broken down and business and design needs are set, a transitional plan is created with EA standards as the guiding principles.4. The transitional phase is a continual process until the target business, data, applications, and technology are met.
8Architectural Blueprint Conduct BusinessProcess ReengineeringDetermine the scope and set strategyAnalyze the businessAnalyze the information technologyConstruct a business case to support business needsExecute O&M strategy for minor recommendationsImplement solution and conduct management tasksConduct Business Process ReengineeringDefine detailed solution architectureConduct data StandardizationNow that we have outlined both the FDIC development and deployment of EA systems, and the creation of those systems in general, here is a step by step guide to developing the architectural blueprint:Determine scope and set strategy-seemingly logical first step, but vital as mentioned above. All actions in EA development should be guided by an overall strategy and goal so as to maximize efficiency and eliminate worthless systemsAnalyze the business-once the goals are constructed, the next step is to analyze the business. Identify problems, inefficiencies, think critically/outside of the box with a perspective to make the business processes of your specific organization meet EA endsConduct business process reengingeeringAnalyze the information technology-once a business evaluation has been completed, the next step is to break down the nuts and bolts of a given businesses info tech. Which processes can be streamlined? How up-to-date is your technology? How does your business utilize IT?Construct a business case to support business needs-combining the status of both the business and IT, build an economic case to justify and meet business ends.a. Execute O&M strategy for minor recommendationsb. Integrate major recommendations into investment requestsDefine detailed solution architectureImplement solution and conduct change management tasksMaintain the blueprint and the architectureIntegrate major recommendations into investment requestsMaintain the Blueprint and the architecture
9Enterprise Architecture Repository (EA-Rep) 2005 AccomplishmentsJanuary – Troux Contract AwardAcquired Metis COTS product and implementation servicesApril – Pilot ProjectCompleted pilot projectIterative deployment plan developedAssembled requirements and extended model for v1.0September – Production Release 1.0Application, Project , and Organization DomainsRetired CDR reporting toolsAssembled requirements and extended model for v2.0December – Production Release 2.0CDR retired/replacedBusiness domain, security layer added to applications domainCustom UI for Application Managers2006 Scheduled ActivitiesJune – Production Enhancement 2.6Enhance/modify security layerAugment search capabilities for applications, applications systems, and projectsUpdate associated reportingOctober – Production Release 3.0Upgrade to Metis 5.5, Client Tools 5.2Upgrade production hardwareExtend modelImplement Infrastructure and Data DomainsImplement refinements to existing domainsExpand ReportingIntegrate FDIC-specific help facilityDecember – Troux Contract Ends
10Engaging the Stakeholder Now that we have discussed the important prerequisites to the development of a workable EA system, we will now discuss some specific strategy aims that aid in the smooth functioning of an EA FrameworkThe first of which is engagement of the stakeholder…
11Who are Stakeholders?Defined: an individual with a vested interest in the results of IT solutions and implementation.Include: business owners, data owners, developers and technical infrastructure operational staffWe begin with the obvious and necessary question when it comes to stakeholder engagement, Who are the stakeholders?-individuals that have a vested interest in the results of IT solutions and implementation.Who does that include?-business owner-developers-technical infrastructure and operational staff
1210 Ways to Maximize Stakeholder Engagement 1. Executive Management Buy-in2. Connect Business Goals with IT3. Link pay and performance with IT projects4. Communicate Objectives Frequently5. Clearly Defined Principles6. Demonstrate Benefits7. Govern from Different Perspectives8. Active Leadership9. IT gets a seat at the Business table10. Recognition and Success shared by allThere exist several mechanisms by which one can maximize stakeholder engagement in architecture goals. The most effective strategies are outlined in the diagram, and show the progression of stakeholder engagement in EA standards of governance.1.Executive management “buy-in” provides the leadership and vision for ensuring that EA is considered when determining strategic and tactical IT investments2.Business accountability for IT projects provides a direct link for achieving the business value of the IT solution and ensures that the success of the implementation is dependent upon the business engagement in developing the solution.3.Linking pay and performance to IT investment success places financial value on the outcome and, therefore, the commitment of resources to successfully implement the results4.Frequent communication of objectives, strategies and activities is key to ensuring that all affected parties are up to date on the project status, as well as the short-term and long-term results anticipated by the EA initiative5.Clearly defined principles of EA are essential for the EA program toevolve.6.Demonstrated tangible benefits to stakeholders with metrics such as cost savings, reduction in the duplication of IT technologies, and improved IT performance must be documented and tracked7.Governance bodies based upon the types of decisions that are required by the IT solution are established and actively engaged in IT management. A well-designed IT governance arrangements distribute IT decision making to those responsible for outcomes. (Weill and Ross (2004))8.Stakeholders are given responsibilities in leading and participating in IT strategic initiatives9.IT management has a seat at the business strategic table so that business strategies consider IT as a contributor, not simply the means to achieve the business result.10. Successes are celebrated and all participants are recognized for their contribution
13Why is stakeholder engagement is important? Stakeholder engagement is critical to applying enterprise architecture EA principles and methodologies in order to achieve value from information technology IT investmentsMulti-layered perspectives and comprehensive strategies result from high levels of stakeholder engagement in EA, from a project’s inception to completionStakeholder experience and subsequent foresight of obstacles in respective program areas can prove invaluable to the smooth process toward target architecture.At this point in the presentation it should be fairly clear that EA is made viable by its ability to gather different viewpoints on the existing status of a business and transform those viewpoints into a workable solution to existing problems. Given that understanding, the level of stakeholder engagement in the EA process is tantamount to its success
14Application Rationalization Effort Example PROBLEMMany organizations accumulate large and technically diverse portfolio of systemsUnmanaged, this portfolio is too expensive and unresponsive to change.The result, restricting the organization from taking on IT initiatives that are strategically important to its missionFDIC SOLUTIONEngaged both the IT Department and Business Stakeholders in a systematic and joint effort to make targeted reductions in the inventory of applicationsThis effort served to raise the awareness of staff and management throughout the FDIC of the life-cycle costs of applications and the increasing need for application integration and consolidationThis allowed the FDIC implement several new enterprise-wide integrated applications that not only met the need to improve business operations, but at the same time, replaced older, stove-piped legacy applications.
15Corporate Data Sharing CDS Data FamiliesFDIC Conceptual Data Model describes the relationships between FDIC's data across the data families and the entire enterpriseThe Collaborative Working Groups (CWGs) were established to verify that the data has been defined and categorized correctly in their data family.The corporate data sharing procedure at the FDIC is premised in an effort to increase efficiency of data and information sharing at the FDIC, both interagency and between agency and client.The corporate data sharing program in particular has been a great success of the FDIC.TransitionMoving past the concept of data sharing, lets now discuss the actual CDS program at FDICData Families: 14, Administrative, Facility and Support Service Data, Corporate Training Data, Enterprise Operating Data, Information Resources Management DataReceived industry recognition for the Corporate Data Sharing program and work with CWGs from the Zachman Institute for Framework Advancement (ZIFA)™ Enterprise Architecture Excellence Award. This prestigious award was bestowed to FDIC as a direct result of the CDS program and participants
16Bank Call Reports Use XBRL FDIC is one of the biggest proponents of XBRL8,200 U.S. banks use XBRL to submit balance sheets and income statement reports.XBRL has proven its value: All XBRL-tagged data received from banks was 95% accurate, compared with 70% accuracy before implementationAn analyst who could handle 450 to 500 banks before implementation can now handle 550 to 600 of them.What is it? The idea behind XBRL, eXtensible Business Reporting Language, is simple. Instead of treating financial information as a block of text - as in a standard internet page or a printed document - it provides an identifying tag for each individual item of data.Banks and other financial services firms could use XBRL to label and automate the content of financial documents. XBRL places a unique tag on, say, a company's net profit figure. The software then selects, sorts, stores, and exchanges tagged information with other companies or regulators, without having to manually re-enter numbers and copy them to spreadsheets. Accountants "can perform analysis of a company, of a sector, of a specific topic in a matter of seconds, instead of spending all their time finding the data, accessing it, and validating it…Mike Willis, a partner at PricewaterhouseCoopers and founding chairman of XBRL InternationalRegulators say XBRL is helping banks- Generate cleaner data, including written explanations and supporting notes- Produce more accurate data, with fewer errors that require follow-up by regulators- Transmit data faster to regulators and meet deadlines- Increase the number of cases and amount of information that staffers can handle- Make information available faster to regulators and the public- Address issues and concerns in their filings rather than after the factData: Federal Financial Institutions Examination CouncilThe FFIEC reports that only five percent of Call Reports in the most recently finished quarter-the first using XBRL tagging-set off audit flags. That compares with about 33 percent in prior quarters"That's the 'Wow,'" says Dan Roberts, chair for the XBRL-U.S. Steering Committee Consortium. "The FDIC is only now entering its fourth reporting cycle using this new environment. They went from 66 percent data accuracy to 95 percent data accuracy within the first quarter it was implemented."
17Maximizing the Impact of the Stakeholder Ultimately stakeholder compliance with EA must be governed through a comprehensive system that divides responsibilities to take full advantage of individual strengths as well as increase the efficiency of the corporate structureThere exist a few mechanisms to reach this end. Two of the most important and effective are Established Governance Systems and Business MetricsIn theory, incorporating the viewpoints of all relevant entities into a melting pot of beneficial business ideas sounds great, however it is easier said than done.-It is essential that a chain of command be developed, through which the multitude of business and IT ideas are channeled and cultivated-This point is further established in the next sections that speak to the construction of a governance system to direct EA proposals and initiatives
18Governance Structures Coupled with the engagement of stakeholders, the establishment of a cooperative and planned governance structure is critical in the smooth operation of EAGovernance Structures
19Governance MappingA key step in the EA process is to establish a system of governance. One in which rules and order of operation are hashed out between relevant actors to meet the target architecture.Every Corporation is different, but the basic requirements for a healthy Governance body are similar to allJust as the EA process requires an overall mapping and strategizing effort, so too does the Governance system in particular. Rules and requirements, division of labor, and communication networks are all essential parts of a healthy governance body.
20Model Governance Structure RequirementsA governance model should have 3 key ingredients to be considered a proper body:Suitable to the needs and aims of the EA program, not excessive in its governance.Simple-Simplicity is a benefit in terms of EA governance. It should be a goal of any Governance structure to maximize corporate involvement in EA, one way to ensure that is by establishing a simple and accessible governance system that has clearly outlined goals and objectives.Transparent-Confusion and poor communication can be the death of an EA program, and in turn a governance structure. Contributing members to EA activities need a clear line of vision to articulated goals and the process of achieving those goals. A transparent governance system greatly benefits active members of an EA program as well as facilitates the achievement of target architecture
21The Capital Investment Review Committee (CIRC) Comprised of Senior Level Division DirectorsEvaluate the impact of IT investment decisions on the Corporations capital investment portfolioReviews proposed major investments and makes the final funding recommendations to the FDIC’s Board of DirectorsIndicates Success in integration of EA and the capital investment management process.PURPOSETo implement a systematic management review process that supports budgeting for the FDIC’s capital investments, once fundedTo develop a comprehensive capital investment portfolio, complete with ongoing analysis of investment performance that supports the FDIC’s strategic plan
22FDIC Governance Bodies Capital Investment Review Committee (CIRC)CIO CouncilEnterprise Architecture Board (EAB)Collaborative Working Groups (CWG)Internet Coordinators GroupInformation Security Management CommitteeTechnical Review GroupEnterprise Architecture Advisory ForumPass out Governance Spreadsheet
23An additional mechanism that aids in the EA process from inception until completion comes in the development of business and IT metricsMetrics
24Utilize Metrics Metrics guide architecture IT desirables are reflected in the IT metricsMeasure accountabilitiesAn additional means that works toward a strong EA and stakeholder engagement is the use of Metrics to guide architectureMeasure accountabilities are key to any good governance system. Articulating who is responsible for what and how they will be evaluated provides clarity, ownership, and tools to assess governance performance.-Weill and RossMetrics outline correct and optimal behavior within business and IT operations in EA. They are crafted to meet agreed upon goals and aid in the transition to target architecture. Essentially metrics put on paper desired steps in the direction of an EA goal, setting timetables to measure progression and adherence to the EA plan.
25Metrics’ ImportanceIdentify specific EA and Business related metrics early to guide decisionsEnable the tracking and recording of data required to report results and evaluate the impact of EA related strategiesThe importance of identifying specific EA and Business related metrics early on cannot be overstatedAs the EA progresses there will be a need to quantify the impacts and results. Establishing the formulae for attribution of various business results to the EA and its implementation is critical to the long term success and ability of the EA to actually transform the Agency’s businessEnables the tracking and recording of the data required to report results and that later will be used to determine if the cost/benefits have, are or will soon be achieved. Chris Curran March 21, 2005, Enterprise ArchitectIt is critical that the metrics related to both the IT and the business process be established early on and that the relationships between the two are understood. It is too late to start thinking about establishing metrics after the investment has been made, installed and is either being tested or is in production
26Linking Business and IT via Metrics You need at least three kinds of metrics to begin establishing a linkage from the business needs and the implementation of them as guided by EA. Chris Curran March 21, 2005, Enterprise Architect1. Business Alignment2. EA Compliance3. EA GovernanceEach of the metric types supports the others. The EA governance metrics help management see if the processes are working. EA adoption (as measured by EA compliance metrics) is facilitated by effective governance (as measured by EA governance metrics). Finally, cost-effective delivery of business capabilities is supported by the other two. Chris Curran March 21, 2005, Enterprise Architect
27Metric Types Definition Examples EA Metric Business Alignment Measures the number, completeness, and quality of business and IT capabilities delivered against those defined in the EA blueprint(s)Post implementation review that asks two questions.1. Was the Benefit achieved2. Has it met the Target ArchitectureEA ComplianceMeasures the number of systems and projects in compliance with EA standardsNew technology to meet target architectureAmount of time to implementApplications retired% reuse of standard services, patternsEA GovernanceMeasures the degree of participation and effectives of EA governance processes and practicesQuarterly Investment Project ReviewsPortfolio Review by CIO Council
28Lessons Learned by FDIC EA Work with and enable the business first- critical first step of any EA organization is to identify the problem/business need first and work cooperatively with Business Professionals to show the value of IT and EA setup to the Corporation.Optimize EA to enable organizational transformation- continuing on the theme of a complete and stated goal with a strategy to achieve that goal, EA allows, via open communication and cooperation between IT and EA, for a comprehensive evaluation of all business processes and IT involvement to maximize EA goals while serving IT purposes and business needs.