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7.4.1Ghana The Big Idea The rulers of Ghana built an empire by controlling the salt and gold trade.

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Presentation on theme: "7.4.1Ghana The Big Idea The rulers of Ghana built an empire by controlling the salt and gold trade."— Presentation transcript:

1 7.4.1Ghana The Big Idea The rulers of Ghana built an empire by controlling the salt and gold trade.

2 Ghana Main Idea 1:Main Idea 1: –Ghana controlled trade and became wealthy.

3 Ghana Ghana began when groups of farmers banded together.Ghana began when groups of farmers banded together. Ghana became a powerful state only when it gained control of valuable trade routes, especially the gold and salt trade.Ghana became a powerful state only when it gained control of valuable trade routes, especially the gold and salt trade. gold salt slabs

4 Ghana The exchange of gold and salt followed a process called silent barter.The exchange of gold and salt followed a process called silent barter. –This is a process in which people exchange goods without ever contacting each other directly because they do not understand each others language. Thank you come again

5 Ghana Ghana’s rulers gained power and wealth, and the military grew in strength, too.Ghana’s rulers gained power and wealth, and the military grew in strength, too.

6 The Empire of Ghana Main Idea 2:Main Idea 2: –Through its control of trade, Ghana built an empire.

7 The Empire of Ghana The people of Ghana & the small neighboring tribes that Ghana controlled had to pay taxes.The people of Ghana & the small neighboring tribes that Ghana controlled had to pay taxes. –Ghana also had rich gold mines.

8 The Empire of Ghana Ghana protected traders with its army. Traders were not afraid to travel to Ghana.Ghana protected traders with its army. Traders were not afraid to travel to Ghana. A lot of traders passed through Ghana to get the gold and other resources. Ghana made money by forcing traders to pay taxes.A lot of traders passed through Ghana to get the gold and other resources. Ghana made money by forcing traders to pay taxes.

9 The Empire of Ghana Ghana’s kings used their great wealth to build a powerful army & conquered many of their neighbors, especially ones that had centers of trade.Ghana’s kings used their great wealth to build a powerful army & conquered many of their neighbors, especially ones that had centers of trade. –The empire of Ghana reached its peak under a ruler named Tunka Manin.

10 The Empire of Ghana To keep order in the empire, conquered kings were allowed to keep much of their power.To keep order in the empire, conquered kings were allowed to keep much of their power. –Those conquered kings acted as governors of their territories. Ghana armies conquered neighboring West African Tribes like you see here Yesssss!

11 Ghana’s Decline Main Idea 3:Main Idea 3: –Ghana’s decline was caused by attacking invaders, overgrazing, and the loss of trade.

12 Ghana’s Decline InvasionInvasion –A Muslim group called the Almoravids cut off many trade routes. Because of the Almoravids, Ghana eventually lost support of its empire. Almoravids

13 Ghana’s Decline

14 OvergrazingOvergrazing –When the Almoravids moved in, they brought herds of animals with them. –These animals ate all the grass, leaving the land worthless for farming.

15 Ghana’s Decline

16 Internal rebellionInternal rebellion –The people that Ghana had conquered eventually rose up in rebellion and overthrew the Ghana empire. Who’s your daddy!

17 1. A process in which people exchange goods without being able to talk to each other. B. Verbal barter C. Silent barter D. Ebarter E. I don’t know A. Nonverbal sale

18 2. Which statement is not true? B. Ghana allowed conquered kings to keep some of their powers. C. Ghana controlled rich salt mines in their region. D. Ghana protected traders with their army. E. I don’t know A. Ghana became rich by taxing traded items.

19 3. The Empire of Ghana became rich because of its mighty army. A. True B. False - It became rich because it controlled the trade routes.

20 4. All of the following led to the fall of Ghana, EXCEPT…. C. Internal rebellion by conquered tribes D. Overgrazing left land worthless E. I don’t know A. Invasion from the Almoravids B. Trade routes became useless and not used.


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