Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 5 charlatan hoist corroborate illicit disseminate irrevocable diverge precipitate dormantproliferation

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 charlatan Charlatan means A. an investor. B. an expert. C. a con artist. My grandmother once bought a “magnetic box” from a charlatan who assured her that it would cure her arthritis. Of course, the box was worthless. In the days of the Wild West, charlatans sold “snake oil” as a remedy for everything from baldness to insanity. – noun

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Charlatan means A. an investor. B. an expert. C. a con artist. My grandmother once bought a “magnetic box” from a charlatan who assured her that it would cure her arthritis. Of course, the box was worthless. In the days of the Wild West, charlatans sold “snake oil” as a remedy for everything from baldness to insanity. If the “magnetic box” was worthless, the man who sold was a con artist. A person who sells “snake oil” that cures everything would be a con artist. 1 charlatan – noun

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 corroborate – verb Corroborate means A. to question. B. to support. C. to understand. You claim you were at a soccer game when the crime was committed. Can anyone corroborate your story? Sid says he saw a flying saucer in the park, but no one else in the area has come forward to corroborate his account.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Corroborate means A. to question. B. to support. C. to understand. You claim you were at a soccer game when the crime was committed. Can anyone corroborate your story? Sid says he saw a flying saucer in the park, but no one else in the area has come forward to corroborate his account. The questioner wants to know if anyone can support the person’s story about being at a soccer game. In the second item, no one else has come forward to support Sid’s report of seeing a flying saucer. 2 corroborate – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 disseminate –verb Disseminate means A. to spread. B. to conceal. C. to improve. Campaign workers went all over the city to disseminate pamphlets and flyers about their candidate. What would be the best way to disseminate information about the next school board meeting? It’s important for all parents to attend.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Disseminate means A. to spread. B. to conceal. C. to improve. Campaign workers went all over the city to disseminate pamphlets and flyers about their candidate. What would be the best way to disseminate information about the next school board meeting? It’s important for all parents to attend. Campaign workers would go all over the city to spread pamphlets and flyers about the candidate. Since it is important for all parents to attend the next school board meeting, people would want to spread information about it. 3 disseminate –verb

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The brothers’ paths diverged greatly. One became a famous lawyer, and the other ended up in jail for armed robbery. In a well-known poem, Robert Frost uses a branching path as a symbol of life’s decisions: “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by.” 4 diverge Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Diverge means A. to separate. B. to unite. C. to disappear. – verb Two dirt roads diverging Photo: Jonathan Billinger

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The brothers’ paths diverged greatly. One became a famous lawyer, and the other ended up in jail for armed robbery. In a well-known poem, Robert Frost uses a branching path as a symbol of life’s decisions: “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by.” Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Diverge means A. to separate. B. to unite. C. to disappear. If one brother became a lawyer and the other went to jail, their paths separated greatly. In the second item, the word branching tells you that diverge means “to separate.” 4 diverge – verb Two dirt roads diverging Photo: Jonathan Billinger

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Dormant means A. not active. B. irreversible. C. growing. 5 dormant – adjective Many insects lay eggs that remain dormant all winter and do not hatch until spring, in the warmer weather. A visit to Puerto Rico reawakened Anita’s dormant interest in Spanish, the language of her childhood.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Dormant means A. not active. B. irreversible. C. growing. Many insects lay eggs that remain dormant all winter and do not hatch until spring, in the warmer weather. A visit to Puerto Rico reawakened Anita’s dormant interest in Spanish, the language of her childhood. Since the eggs do not hatch until the spring, they are not active all winter. In the second item, the word reawakened suggests that Anita’s interest in Spanish had not been active for several years. 5 dormant – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Hoist means A. to follow. B. to display. C. to raise. Let’s go over to the construction site and watch the crane hoist the beams into place for the new skyscraper. So far, attempts to hoist the wreckage of the jetliner from the ocean floor have been unsuccessful. 6 hoist – verb Photo: U.S. Navy A helicopter hoisting a boat from the water

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Hoist means A. to follow. B. to display. C. to raise. Let’s go over to the construction site and watch the crane hoist the beams into place for the new skyscraper. So far, attempts to hoist the wreckage of the jetliner from the ocean floor have been unsuccessful. A crane raises the skyscraper’s beams into place. Attempts would be made to raise the wreckage from the ocean floor. 6 hoist – verb A helicopter hoisting a boat from the water Photo: U.S. Navy

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Illicit means A. fake. B. unlawful. C. unprofitable. Years of illicit activities resulted in Gene’s being sentenced to serve a life term in prison. Ted’s business is illicit: he drives an unlicensed passenger van along a route that’s supposed to be used only by city buses. 7 illicit – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Illicit means A. fake. B. unlawful. C. unprofitable. Years of illicit activities resulted in Gene’s being sentenced to serve a life term in prison. Ted’s business is illicit: he drives an unlicensed passenger van along a route that’s supposed to be used only by city buses. Since Gene was sentenced to life in prison, he must have been involved in unlawful activities. In the second item, the description of Ted’s activities makes it clear that his business is unlawful. 7 illicit – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Irrevocable means A. not reversible. B. mistaken. C. not certain. Layla would like to break off her engagement to Ahmed, but she feels that her promise to marry him is irrevocable. Giving a child up for adoption has become a subject of debate. Should the mother be allowed to change her mind, or should her decision be irrevocable? 8 irrevocable – adjective

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Irrevocable means A. not reversible. B. mistaken. C. not certain. Layla would like to break off her engagement to Ahmed, but she feels that her promise to marry him is irrevocable. Giving a child up for adoption has become a subject of debate. Should the mother be allowed to change her mind, or should her decision be irrevocable? In spite of what Layla would like to do, she feels her promise is not reversible. If the mother is not allowed to change her mind, her decision is not reversible. 8 irrevocable – adjective

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Precipitate means A. to bring on. B. to prevent. C. to permit. Mark’s search for a larger house was precipitated by his marriage to a woman with four children. The discovery that Elliot had been setting fires precipitated his parents’ decision to send him to a child psychologist. 9 precipitate – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Precipitate means A. to bring on. B. to prevent. C. to permit. Mark’s search for a larger house was precipitated by his marriage to a woman with four children. The discovery that Elliot had been setting fires precipitated his parents’ decision to send him to a child psychologist. Marrying a woman with four children would bring on Mark’s search for a bigger house. In the second item, such a discovery would bring on his parents’ decision. 9 precipitate – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Proliferation means A. damage. B. a shortage. C. a rapid increase. 10 proliferation Hana’s doctors hope that chemotherapy will halt the proliferation of cancer cells in her body. The proliferation of dandelions in my yard is too much for me to handle. They’re growing faster than I can destroy them. – noun

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Proliferation means A. damage. B. a shortage. C. a rapid increase. Hana’s doctors hope that chemotherapy will halt the proliferation of cancer cells in her body. The proliferation of dandelions in my yard is too much for me to handle. They’re growing faster than I can destroy them. A characteristic of cancer cells is their rapid increase. In the second item, since the dandelions are growing faster than the speaker can destroy them, their rapid increase is too much to handle. 10 proliferation – noun

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.The “natural healer” was a __________. He knew nothing about healing—natural or otherwise. 1.Children’s lives often __________ from the paths their parents planned for them. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate E.dormant J.proliferation

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.The “natural healer” was a __________. He knew nothing about healing—natural or otherwise. 1.Children’s lives often __________ from the paths their parents planned for them. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate diverge charlatan Children’s lives often branch off in different directions from the paths their parents had planned for them. Since the “natural healer” knew nothing about healing, he was a fake. E.dormant J.proliferation

25 4.When I visited the art museum, my ________ creative instinct awakened. Now I’ve signed up for a course in sculpture. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Rafael’s growth of four inches over the summer _______(e)d a shopping trip for new clothes. 3.I thought your vow to quit smoking was __________, but you’ve broken it already. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate E.dormant J.proliferation

26 4.When I visited the art museum, my ________ creative instinct awakened. Now I’ve signed up for a course in sculpture. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Rafael’s growth of four inches over the summer ___________ a shopping trip for new clothes. 3.I thought your vow to quit smoking was __________, but you’ve broken it already. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate A vow or solemn promise is considered irreversible. The word awakened suggests that the speaker’s creative instinct has been inactive. A growth of four inches in one summer would cause a shopping trip. irrevocable dormant precipitated E.dormant J.proliferation

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.In our city, the police department has special units to investigate _________ activities such as gambling and drug use. 7.The stone slabs are too heavy for us to move, so we’re bringing in a forklift to _________ them onto the walkway. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate E.dormant J.proliferation

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.In our city, the police department has special units to investigate _________ activities such as gambling and drug use. 7.The stone slabs are too heavy for us to move, so we’re bringing in a forklift to _________ them onto the walkway. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate Gambling and drug use are illegal activities in most cities. A forklift would lift the heavy stone slabs. illicit hoist E.dormant J.proliferation

29 9.I’m afraid I can’t __________ Todd’s claim that he’s never had problems with schoolwork. The fact is that he’s failed several courses. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.The environmental group _______(e)d leaflets about the oil spill, describing the damage and urging people to boycott the oil company. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. diverge F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitate 10.Sadly, the __________ of homeless dogs and cats has become so great that about seventeen million of them are killed in U.S. animal shelters each year. E.dormant J.proliferation

30 9.I’m afraid I can’t __________ Todd’s claim that he’s never had problems with schoolwork. The fact is that he’s failed several courses. 10.Sadly, the __________ of homeless dogs and cats has become so great that about seventeen million of them are killed in U.S. animal shelters each year. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.The environmental group ___________ leaflets about the oil spill, describing the damage and urging people to boycott the oil company. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. charlatanB. corroborateC. disseminateD. divergeE.dormant F. hoistG. illicitH. irrevocableI. precipitateJ.proliferation disseminated corroborate proliferation An environmental group would distribute such leaflets. If Todd has failed courses, one could not confirm Todd’s claim. A rapid increase in homeless dogs and cats would account for the need to destroy so many animals.


Download ppt "ADVANCING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google