About Wood Advantages Disadvantages Uses of Wood History of Wood in Architecture Properties
Wood is a hard, fibrous tissue found in many plants. It has been used for centuries for both fuel and as a construction material for several types of living areas such as houses, known as carpentry.
Wood is easier to acquire, transport, and work than other natural materials.
Other of its advantages is the strength of wood in both tension and compression arises from its organic nature.
One of its disadvantage is susceptibility to fire, mold, and termites. Also, it contains moisture and is not uniformly strong, so it must be carefully selected and seasoned to prevent warping, splitting, and failure under loads.
Wood is used in building both solid and skeletal structures.
The principal solid system, called log construction, is employed when only primitive cutting tools are available. The skeletal system requires precise cutting and shaping of lumber.
The history of wood construction can be traced consistently in China, Korea, and Japan and in the domestic architecture of northern Europe and North America.
- Anisotropy - Moisture - Dimensional stability - Density - Resistance to weathering - Durability - Action of other organisms - Electrical properties - Thermal properties