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K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 1 The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system, comprising a network of conduits.

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Presentation on theme: "K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 1 The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system, comprising a network of conduits."— Presentation transcript:

1 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 1 The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system, comprising a network of conduits called lymphatic vessels. This system includes all structures dedicated to the production and circulation of lymphocytes, which are the main players in our immune system. The most important lymphocytes are the B-Cells (antibody production) and T-Cells (allocative functions, and destruction of damaged tissue). These grow in the bone marrow and the thymus. They are very prevalent in the lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, mucous membranes and the digestive system as well as in the lungs. The lymphatic system http://thoracicduct.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Lymphatic-System.gif

2 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 2 The lymphatic system Capillaries Lymphoid follicles Lymph nodes Lymphatic vessels and ducts Cisterna Chyli Left and right subclavian vein

3 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 3 The Lymphatic system Function: Removal of interstitial fluid Absorbs and transports fatty acids and fats as chyle from the digestive system Transports white blood cells to and from the lymph nodes to the bones Transports antigen-presenting cells to the nodes where an immune response is stimulated

4 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 4 Layout: Lymphatic vessels

5 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 5 5 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Lymph capillaries Metabolic products Impurities Interstitial Fluid

6 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 6 6 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology The name derives from the Roman deity of fresh water, Lympha It is the link between the interstitial fluid and the blood plasma It has a pH of 7,41 and density of 1,14gr/cm 3 Approx. 2,4 litres a day are reabsorbed into the venous system Contents: white blood cells, protein, fibrinogen, enzymes, lymphocytes Fats (triglycerdes) from the digestive system called chyle are also released into the lymph Pathogens can be absorbed into the lymph however these are normally dealt with by the lymphocytes in the lymph nodes The Lymph

7 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 7 7 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Capillaries Precollectors Collectors Bundle of collectors Lymph node – filter and protector Through the Lymph nodes into the Lymphatic trunks, through the venous angles into the blood system

8 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 8 8 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Lymph nodes and lymphatic watersheds Lymph nodes Watersheds

9 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 9 9 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Intact lymphatic system Colloid osmotic pressure Movement, muscle pump Driving forces of the lymphatic system

10 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 10 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Lymphatic Applications Intact lymphatic system Oncology (removal of lymph nodes) Amputation Post OP Interrupted lymphatic system Post OP Post traumata Haematoma Lymphoma Insufficiencies Pregnancy Grazes Scars and fibrosis

11 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 11 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Physikalische Ödemtherapie ist die einzige oder eine wesentliche Therapie. Category 1 Physikalische Ödemtherapie kommt nur dann zum Einsatz, wenn eine Basistherapie, meist medikamentöser Art, nicht ausreichend wirkt. Category 2 Physikalische Ödemtherapie ist grundsätzlich nicht indiziert. Category 3  Lymphedema  Venous oedema  Lipoedema  Orthostatic oedema  Idiopathic oedema  Oedemas induced by diuretics  Oedemas post trauma  Vaso-vegetative Oedema  Oedema through inactivity  ischaemic induced oedema  Chronic inflammatory oedema  Lymphedema  Venous oedema  Lipoedema  Orthostatic oedema  Idiopathic oedema  Oedemas induced by diuretics  Oedemas post trauma  Vaso-vegetative Oedema  Oedema through inactivity  ischaemic induced oedema  Chronic inflammatory oedema  Pathological pregnancy induced oedema  Oedemas caused by protein deficiencies  Pathological pregnancy induced oedema  Oedemas caused by protein deficiencies  Oedema through kidney failure  Cardiac induced oedema  Acute allergic oedema  Toxic oedema  Endocrine oedema  Medication induced oedema  Diet induced oedema  Angioedema  Altitude oedema  Oedema through kidney failure  Cardiac induced oedema  Acute allergic oedema  Toxic oedema  Endocrine oedema  Medication induced oedema  Diet induced oedema  Angioedema  Altitude oedema Categorisation of oedema treatments

12 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 12 rich in protein  Reduced indentation low in protein  Increased indentation generalised  Allways symmetrical localised  Can be one-sided only K-Active Taping Sonderkurs Lymphe- Fibrosen- und Narbentaping 12 Categorisations of Oedemas

13 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 13  Open wounds  Erysipelas  Unclear status of tumours  Cardiac insufficiency  Thrombosis K-Active Taping Sonderkurs Lymphe- Fibrosen- und Narbentaping 13 Contraindications

14 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 14 Goals and effect of the lymphatic taping Goals:  Production of lymph  Increase lymph volume  Increase speed of lymphatic flow  Crossing over the watersheds  Support over and around scars Effect:  Increased removal of interstitial fluid, substances and structural remains  Change pH-Levels  Reduction of swelling and tension within peripheral structures  Reduce activity of receptors

15 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 15 Application principles Prior to applying:  Skin must be dry and free of oils  Measure the tape in a stretched position  Rule out contraindications Whilst applying:  Ensure patient is well supported  Area to be treated should be stretched  Apply tape with 0-10% stretch

16 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 16 Application principles when lymphatic system is intact Application principles when lymphatic system is not intact  Base applied with direction of flow  Tape applied with 0-10% stretch  Stretch the skin and surrounding structures  Base applied with direction of flow  Cross over the watersheds with the drainage effect towards the healthy area  Most of the time applied in combination with taping extremities  Tape applied with 0-10% stretch

17 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 17 Lymph nodes of the neckIndication application neck

18 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 18 Indication application: Post-Op Knee

19 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 19 Indication application: Sprained ankle

20 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 20 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Indication application: Haematoma

21 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 21 Indication application: Swelling and scars

22 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 22 Lymphatic swelling

23 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 23 Indication application: Leg

24 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 24 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Problems arising due to scars There is NOT SUFFICIENT Myofascial extension thus distortions can occur. Problems can then arise in the hip, in the shoulder or anywhere in between or anywhere in between

25 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 25 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Scar testing - a variation

26 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 26 Indication application: Scar taping

27 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 27 Range of motion without and with the tape

28 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 28 Indication application: Breast augmentation

29 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 29 Indication application for breast cancer: Scar taping

30 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 30 Breast cancer: Lymphatic fans for crossing watersheds

31 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 31 Breast cancer: Lymphatic fans for crossing watersheds

32 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 32 Breast cancer: Lymphatic fans for crossing watersheds

33 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 33 Breast cancer: Lymphatic taping for the extremities

34 KINESIOLOGISCHES TAPING VON K-ACTIVE – FÜHREND IN EUROPA Grundkurs 34 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology Fibrosis Fibrosis is the formation of excess fibrous connective tissue in a reparative or reactive process. This is opposed to formation of fibrous tissue as a normal constituent of an organ of tissue. Scarring is confluent fibrosis that obliterates the architecture of the underlying organ or tissue.

35 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 35 Indication application: Fibrosis

36 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 36 Indication application: Fibrosis

37 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 37 Special variety: crossed fans Stability and increased lymphatic flow

38 K-Active Taping Specialised Course: K-Active Taping in Lymphology 38 Special variety: crossed fans Stability and increased lymphatic flow


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