Presentation on theme: "Reflective Foil Insulation in Tropical Climates Prepared By Silver Batts Insulation Systems In Association with Sanrok Enterprises."— Presentation transcript:
Reflective Foil Insulation in Tropical Climates Prepared By Silver Batts Insulation Systems In Association with Sanrok Enterprises
2 Problem IT’S HOT! But People in the tropics have a laid-back outdoorsy life-style – they don’t like being cooped up in an air-conditioned house.
3 Solution Reflective Insulation can provide significant comfort improvements Without Air Conditioning
4 Thermal Management - Europe/US Structure:Sealed envelope. Access: Air-lock doors. Analysis:Heating and cooling numbers, based on internal/external air temperature difference. “Mechanicals”:Heating/AC, bulk insulation.
5 Thermal Management – Tropical Structure: Partial envelope; high-set floors; high roofs; broad eaves or balconies; well ventilated. Access: Door or open doorway; louvre windows permanently open. Analysis:Total heat load = air temperature + radiation. Cooling devices:Ceiling fans, evaporative coolers.
6 Thermal Management Traditional Tropical Architecture Design principles: Roof ventilation dissipates solar heat gain. Raised floors assist downward heat loss. Light timber construction cools rapidly at night. Cross-ventilation adds to thermal comfort. A modern improvement: SILVER BATTS reflective insulation eliminates heat gain through roof without storing heat at night.
7 Insulation Engineered for Warm Climates WaveCore Silver Batts are designed for sub-tropical and tropical climates Equivalent to fibrous insulation between joists. Winter: up to R6.7 Summer:up to R1.7 Maximum resistance against heat coming in. Minimum resistance against night-time shedding of heat.
8 Why doesn’t fibrous insulation work in warm climates? Fibrous insulation captures air pockets; preventing convection. very effective at keeping heat in; But less effective at keeping heat out. Heat flow down is mostly radiation, which shines through fibrous insulation at high temperatures.
9 In Warm Climates Radiant Heat Matters! Stephan-Boltzmann Law of radiation: w/m 2 = e c t 4 where e = emissivity c = 5.67 ∙ 10 - 8 t = temperature (Kelvin) Net radiant heat transfer from a fibre-cement roof at 80 degrees Celsius to a 40 degree ceiling is 300 watts per square metre.
10 Thermal Management Subtropical Insulation Professor Richard Aynsley says - “use reflective insulation with lower resistance against heat flow up, to facilitate shedding heat at night”.
11 Measuring Temperature in Warm Climates Operative temperature = weighted average of air and mean radiant temperature. For air velocity < 0.2 m/s, use the simple average of air and mean radiant temperature. Mean radiant temperature = the weighted average of all surrounding surface temperatures. (Note: relative humidity is ignored throughout this discussion.)
12 Operative Temperature – Equation t o ≈ (h r t r + h c t a )/(h r + h c ) Where t o = operative temperature h r = coefficient of radiant heat transfer h c = coefficient of convective heat transfer t a = air temperature t r = mean radiant temperature
13 Measuring Operative Temperature A thermometer enclosed in a black copper globe 150mm diameter measures radiant and conductive heat load, reasonably closely approximating Operative Temperature. Globe Temperature ≈ Operative Temperature
14 A Rule of Thumb Empirical work by Aynsley et al* indicates that typically - 1 o increase in ceiling temperature ≈0.2 o increase in operative temperature. * Aynsley R., Melbourne W. and Vickery B. (1977), Architectural Aerodynamics, Applied Science, London, p182.
15 Operative Temperature in an Open Shed On a hot sunny day in summer * – Air temperature 42 o Wind speed <2 m/s Solar irradiation1,000 w/m 2 Roof temperature 90 o Operative temperature51.4 o * Typical conditions for semi-arid subtropical climate; internal air temperature assumed equal to external.
16 Reflective Foil In an Open Shed For bright aluminium, e (emittance) = 0.03 radiation = e c t 4 ≈ 0 w/m 2 Mean radiant heat42 o Operative Temperature42 o Foil under the roof eliminates radiant heat, reduces Operative Temperature by almost 10 o.
17 Operative Temperature in a Hot House On a warm sunny day in summer * – Air temperature 32 o Wind speed <2 m/s Solar irradiation1,000 w/m 2 Ceiling temperature 60 o Operative temperature37.6 o Eliminating radiant heat in ceiling can cut operative temperature by 5.6 o
18 Foil in a Sealed Buildings or with Ceiling Fans In sealed building, heat transfer by conduction must be addressed. Multi-Layer Silver Batts provide a cost- effective space-saving solution.
19 Single-Layer Reflective Foil Laminate In an open shed, where the air temperature is the same as outside, foil reduces radiant heat, stops condensation. (Fibrous insulation over the foil adds no benefit.)
20 Multi-Layer Silver Batts in Residential Ceilings (1) Multi-Layer Silver Batts: a highly effective insulation for tropical and sub-tropical climates. Pictured: High- Top WaveCore Silver Batts.
21 Multi-Layer Silver Batts in Residential Ceilings Installation over ceiling joists eliminates heat bridge. High-Top WaveCore Silver Batts Equivalent* R value: Heat flow down: R 6.7 Heat flow up: R 1.7 * R value of bulk insulation between joists required to achieve equal overall resistance.
22 Multi-Layer Silver Batts under Steel Roof Multi-Layer Silver Batts are the most effective of insulation against heat flow down in enclosed buildings. Pictured: Sydney warehouse with WaveCore Silver Batts R2.8 summer
23 Multi-Layer Silver Batts under Concrete Multi-Layer Silver Batts are the most effective of insulation against heat flow down in enclosed buildings. Pictured: Sydney office block with Triple Layer Silver Batts. R2.4+ summer
24 Multi-Layer Silver Batts in Portable Buildings Multi-Layer Silver Batts are the preferred solution where superior summer performance is required. Pictured: Melbourne portable classroom with WaveCore Silver Batts. R3.9 summer
25 About Silver Batts Insulation Systems Established 1999. Division of Amalgamated Metal Industries P/L. Patents in Australia, NZ, US, Japan, China. Systems for residential, office, and industrial. Markets in Australia, Japan, India, NZ.
26 Valued Clients - Australia Australian client base includes most major commercial builders: Multiplex, Australand, Baulderstone, Meriton. Pictured: King Street Warf development, Sydney; fitted with Triple Layer Silver Batts.
27 Export Clients - Japan Pictured: Certificate of “Superior Insulation” from Japanese Ministry of Construction. In Japan, Silver Batts are marketed in partnership with Matsumoto Kenko. Clients include Mitsui and Panasonic.
28 Silver Batts vs Fibreglass; Features IssueSilver BattsFibreglass Condensation Non-absorbent; moisture resistant Absorbs water; can lead to damage to structure. Ease of installation Fix to structure Support needed in steel sheds. Seasonality Best in summer Best in winter. Summer Heat retention Allows rapid night cooling Retains heat well at night
29 Silver Batts reflective foil insulation; A solution for HOT climates Silver Batts provide a One-Way Heat Valve prevent heat gain during the day; but allow rapid cooling at night.