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Types of Joints and Bursae Ana Soldo 2013/2014 Zagreb Medical School Mentor: A. Žmegač Horvat
Joint (articulation) A coming together of two or more bones
Joints Diarthroses movable Synarthroses immovable/ partially movable
Joints Diarthrosis movable Synarthrosis immovable/ partially movable
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Freely movable joint Articular cartilage Joint capsule fibrous membrane synovial membrane Joint cavity
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Additional components: Ligaments Fat pads Disci/Menisci Bursae
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Additional components: Ligaments – add strength to the joint capsule or limit movements
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Additional components: Fat pads - help to protect joints from mechanical damage
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Additional components: Discus/Meniscus – fibrous cartilage within a joint, increases compatibility
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Additional components: Bursa – closed sac of synovial fluid, usually found beetween bones and tendons or muscles around a joint, helps to reduce friction
Diarthrosis (synovial joint)
Plane joint – permits sliding Sacroiliac, intercarpal, intertarsal joints
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Hinge joint (ginglymus) – allows movement in only one direction Interphalangeal joint, joint between humerus and ulna
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Pivot joint – allows rotation Proximal and distal radioulnar joint
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Saddle joint – allows movement in all directions except rotation First carpometacarpal joint
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Ellipsoid joint – allows flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction Radiocarpal joint, metacarpophalangeal joints
Diarthrosis (synovial joint) Ball and socket joint – largest range of movement Hip joint, shoulder joint
Joints Diarthroses movable Synarthroses immovable/ partially movable
Synostosis The joining of two bones - ossification of connecting tissue Hip bone
Syndesmosis Slightly movable joint Bony surfaces united by connective tissue Suture Interosseous membraneGomphosis
Cartilaginous union Mostly at younger age, during life cartilage replaced by bone, small number remain for life Joint between first rib and sternum
Sustav organa za pokretanje, Werner Platzer http://hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zglob www.merriam-webster.com
Articulations Chapter 8. Structural Classification of Joints Fibrous no joint cavity, bones held together with collagen fibers Cartilagnous no joint cavity,
Joints Also called articulations Functions: 1. ____________________________________ 2. ____________________________________ Bones articulate with joints.
Joints Joints are also known as arthroses or articulations Joints can be classified both structurally and functionally Structural Classification Fibrous.
Ex 13. Articulations- joints - hold bones together - Allows for movement Classified based on - Structure - functionality.
Elements of Arthrology Arthrology-study of joints Arthritis- inflammation of the joint Classification of joints Degree of movement Joining material.
Joints. Functional Classification of Joints Synarthrosis -- An immovable joint separated by a thin layer of fibrous connective tissue Example: Sutures.
Section A: Applied Anatomy and Physiology 2. Joint type.
Joint Mechanics. Joint Classification Joints classified according to movement capabilities or structure: 1.Synarthrosis Fibrous Joint Immovable
Joint Mechanics. Today’s Agenda What is a Joint? Different Types of Joints Range of Movement in Joints Structure and Function of Joints Characteristics.
Joints of the Human Body Joint Classification Synovial Joints –Characteristics of synovial joint –Types of synovial joints Naming Joints: –Pectoral Girdle.
Kaan Yücel M.D., Ph.D. 6.January.2014 Monday CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS 1.2. STABILITY OF JOINTS 1.3. JOINT VASCULATURE AND INNVERVATION.
Chapter 8 - Joints $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Classification of Joints Synovial Joints Body Movements Types of Synovial.
In the name of ALLAH. Joints of the Skeletal System.
Where two bones interconnect joints Approximately 230 movable and semi-movable joints The structure of a joint determines the type and amount.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture.
Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Objective 9 Compare and contrast the three major categories of joints. Give an.
General Information (1). Synarthrosis Immovable joints (2). Amphiarthrosis Slightly moveble (3). Diarthrosis Freely moveable Functional Classification.
JOINTS AND RELATED TERMS Dr. Farhat Aamir. At the end of this session, the student should be able to: Identify sub division of skeletal system. Identify.
Dr Iram Tassaduq Joint in which two bones are separated by a space called a joint cavity Most are freely movable.
General Information Functional Classification of Joints (1). Synarthrosis – Immovable joints (2). Amphiarthrosis – Slightly moveble (3). Diarthrosis.
JOINTS FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION –Synarthroses: immovable –Amphiarthroses: slightly movable –Diarthroses: freely movable STRUCTURAL CLASSIFICATION –Fibrous.
Joints of the Human Body ASA Bio 2014 Williams. Joints Where 2 (or more) bones come together Allows movement Represent the weakest part of the skeleton.
Joints. Articulations Joint Joint A point of contact between two bones, between bone and cartilage, or between bone and teeth A point of contact between.
Joints of the Human Body. Joints Joints are the points of contact (or articulations) between two connected bones. Joints are the points of contact (or.
Classified structurally and functionally presence or absence of synovial cavity presence or absence of synovial cavity type of binding connective tissue.
Joint function is determined primarily by the shape and contour of the contact surfaces & the constraints of the surrounding soft tissue(s). There are.
JOINTS. OBJECTIVES Be able to classify the joints of the body both structurally and functionally Be able to classify the joints of the body both structurally.
8 Joints Part A. Joints (Articulations) Weakest parts of the skeleton Articulation – site where two or more bones meet Functions of joints Give.
October 23, Joints Joints occur where two or more bones join together, or articulate Functions: Hold bones together Allow motion The structure.
JOINTS. JOINTS Is an articulation, the place of union or junction between two or more bones or parts of bones of the skeleton -They show a variety of.
Joints & Movements Joints A. Articulations: functional junctions btwn bones B. enable a wide variety of body movements C. classified according.
Dr. Anand Srinivasan for MBBS 2013 on 10/10/2013.
Articulations (joints) –Hold bones together –Allow body movements Structurally are 3 types: –Fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial Functionally are 3 types:
Chapter 7: Joints © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
1 Kinesiology. Daily Objectives Content Objectives Build a foundational knowledge of the articular system. Understand the Three classifications.
Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb William A. Simmons.
Chapter 8Joints. Joints Also called articulations; place where two or more bones meet Function- Hold skeleton together and give it mobility.
Joints (Articulations) Weakest parts of the skeleton Weakest parts of the skeleton Articulation – site where two or more bones meet Articulation – site.
Skeletal System Joint Notes Joints perform two functions Hold bones together Allow rigid skeleton some flexibility so movement can occur.
Joint Structure. Classification of Joints Fibrous (synarthroses): lacks a joint cavity and the articulating bones are held very closely together by fibrous.
Articulations A. Classification of joints 1. Structural classification 1. Structural classification 2. Functional classification 2. Functional classification.
Suzanne D'Anna1 Joints or Articulations. Suzanne D'Anna2 Structural Classification l Based on: - presence or absence of a joint cavity between bones -
Bones and Cartilages of the Human Body Figure 6.1.
8-1 Articulations or Joints Articulation or Joint –Place where two bones (or bone and cartilage) come together Arthrology = study of the joints Functions.
Classification of Joints A joint (also called an articulation) is a point of contact between bones, between cartilage and bones, or between teeth and bone.
Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Joints (Articulations) Weakest parts of the skeleton Articulation – site.
Essentials of Human Anatomy Essentials of Human Anatomy The Skeletal System 2.
Types of Joints and the Anatomy of the Synovial Joint.
Articulations. Articulations are: Place where two bones come together May be completely moveable, limited in movement or immovable.
Joints Articulating your body. Joints (Articulations) Weakest parts of the skeleton Weakest parts of the skeleton Articulation – site where two or more.
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