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Created by Terri Street for OKTechMasters © 2000 Adapted by Tom Gest, Anatomical Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, 2004 Questions developed.

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Presentation on theme: "Created by Terri Street for OKTechMasters © 2000 Adapted by Tom Gest, Anatomical Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, 2004 Questions developed."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Created by Terri Street for OKTechMasters © 2000 Adapted by Tom Gest, Anatomical Sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, 2004 Questions developed by Charisa Roy, University of Michigan Medical School Class of 2007

3 $1,000,0001,000,000 $750,000750,000 $500,000500,000 $400,000400,000 $300,000300,000 $200,000200,000 $100,000100,000 $80,00080,000 $60,00060,000 $40,00040,000 $20,00020,000 $10,00010,000 $7,5007,500 $5,0005,000 $4,0004,000 $3,0003,000 $2,0002,000 $1,0001,000 $ $ $ $5050

4 A.shape of articular surface C. muscles crossing joint B. ligaments crossing joint D. distance from body midline Which of the following is NOT a factor that determines the movement allowed by a particular joint?

5 A.shape of articular surface D. distance from body midline Which of the following is NOT a factor that determines the movement allowed by a particular joint?

6 Back to Board Distance from the midline of the body does not affect the mobility of a joint.

7 A. synarthroses C. diarthroses B. amphiarthroses D. cartilagenous Which of the following joint classifications represents joints that have the greatest capacity for movement?

8 C. diarthroses B. amphiarthroses Which of the following joint classifications represents joints that have the greatest capacity for movement?

9 Back to Board Diarthodial joints are the most mobile types of joints.

10 A. location C. color B. strength D. length Ligaments are named based on which of the following characteristics?

11 A. location D. length Ligaments are named based on which of the following characteristics?

12 Back to Board Ligaments are named according to their location, and usually which bones they connect.

13 A. synostoses C. gomphoses B. suture joints D. syndesmoses Which of the following is NOT a type of fibrous joint?

14 A. synostoses C. gomphoses Which of the following is NOT a type of fibrous joint?

15 Back to Board Synostoses are sutures that ossify.

16 A. suture joints C. syndesmoses B. gomphoses D. diarthroses Which type of joint connects the flat bones of the skull together in their tooth-like pattern?

17 A. suture jointsB. gomphoses Which type of joint connects the flat bones of the skull together in their tooth-like pattern?

18 Back to Board Suture joints unite the bones of the skull with serrated interdigitations.

19 A. synarthroses C. diarthroses B. amphiarthroses D. syndesmoses In what joint classification are gomphoses found?

20 A. synarthrosesB. amphiarthroses In what joint classification are gomphoses found?

21 Back to Board Teeth move slightly within their sockets, so they are considered amphiarthroses.

22 A. synarthrosis C. syndesmosis B. diarthrosis D. synostosis The interosseous membrane between the radius and ulna borders forms what type of joint?

23 C. syndesmosis B. diarthrosis The interosseous membrane between the radius and ulna borders forms what type of joint?

24 Back to Board The interosseous membrane of the forearm is the most moveable syndesmosis, but it isn’t a diarthodial joint.

25 A. rich nerve supply C. highly elastic B. highly vascularized D. avascular Which description below correctly describes the cartilage in cartilaginous joints?

26 A. rich nerve supply D. avascular Which description below correctly describes the cartilage in cartilaginous joints?

27 Back to Board Cartilage is avascular.

28 A. diaphysis C. periosteum B. marrow D. epiphyseal plate Because hyaline cartilage has little tensile strength, children are most likely to break their bones at what location on the bone?

29 A. diaphysis D. epiphyseal plate Because hyaline cartilage has little tensile strength, children are most likely to break their bones at what location on the bone?

30 Back to Board Children often break their bones at the epiphyseal plate, and this may inhibit growth of the bone.

31 A. hyaline cartilage C. synovial fluid B. highly moveable D. interosseous membrane Which of the following is a characteristic of symphyses?

32 A. hyaline cartilageB. highly moveable Which of the following is a characteristic of symphyses?

33 Back to Board Symphyses have both hyaline and fibrocartilage.

34 A. joint cavity C. articular cartilage B. fibrocartilage D. synovial membrane Which characteristic is NOT found in all synovial joints?

35 A. joint cavityB. fibrocartilage Which characteristic is NOT found in all synovial joints?

36 Back to Board Fibrocartilage is found in some joints that possess articular discs, but not all synovial joints.

37 A. articular ligaments C. capsular space B. synovial sheath D. joint capsule What is the name of the tough material that covers and reinforces the synovial membrane?

38 B. synovial sheath D. joint capsule What is the name of the tough material that covers and reinforces the synovial membrane?

39 Back to Board The joint capsule reinforces the synovial membrane and hold the articulating bones together.

40 A. muscles C. ligaments B. tendons D. articular discs Which accessory structures of synovial joints may be either capsular or extracapsular?

41 C. ligaments B. tendons Which accessory structures of synovial joints may be either capsular or extracapsular?

42 Back to Board Ligaments reinforcing a joint may be capsular thickenings or separate, extracapsular structures.

43 A. condyloid C. plane B. hinge D. pivot Which of the following types of synovial joints allow for the most movement?

44 A. condyloid C. plane Which of the following types of synovial joints allow for the most movement?

45 Back to Board In increasing levels of joint mobility: plane - hinge - pivot - condyloid - saddle - ball and socket.

46 A. hinge C. saddle B. pivot D. plane What type of joints exist between articular processes of vertebrae?

47 B. pivot D. plane What type of joints exist between articular processes of vertebrae?

48 Back to Board The atlantoaxial joint at the dens is an example of a pivot joint, but the zygapophyseal or facet joints between the articular processes of vertebrae are plane synovial joints.

49 A. saddle C. hinge B. condyloid D. pivot What type of joints between the phalangeal segments of the fingers allow a child to be able to hold on to the handlebars of their bicycle?

50 C. hinge B. condyloid What type of joints between the phalangeal segments of the fingers allow a child to be able to hold on to the handlebars of their bicycle?

51 Back to Board The metacarpophalangeal joints are condyloid, but interphalangeal joints are hinge joints.

52 A. hinge C. plane B. pivot D. saddle Which of the following is NOT limited to uniaxial movement?

53 C. plane D. saddle Which of the following is NOT limited to uniaxial movement?

54 Back to Board Saddle or sellar joints are biaxial joints, similar to condyloid joints.

55 A. circumduction C. abduction B. rotation D. extension In a condyloid joint, the shape of the articulating surfaces prevents what type of movement?

56 A. circumductionB. rotation In a condyloid joint, the shape of the articulating surfaces prevents what type of movement?

57 Back to Board Condyloid joints allow all movements except rotation.

58 A. saddle C. pivot B. hinge D. plane Which joint permits the same types of movements as a condyloid joint?

59 A. saddleB. hinge Which joint permits the same types of movements as a condyloid joint?

60 Back to Board Saddle joints and condyloid joints allow the same movements.

61 A. knee C. wrist B. interphalangeal joints D. hip Which of the following joints permit rotation?

62 A. knee D. hip Which of the following joints permit rotation?

63 Back to Board Ball and socket joints like the shoulder and hip allow rotation, but hinge joints or condyloid joints do not.

64 A. highly vascularized C. usually supplied by a single artery B. collateral circulation serves as bypass D. avascular Which of the following is true concerning blood supply to moveable joints?

65 A. highly vascularized B. collateral circulation serves as bypass Which of the following is true concerning blood supply to moveable joints?

66 Back to Board Moveable joints have collateral channels passing around them so that blood supply is not restricted by limb position.

67 A. avascular C. highly vascular B. anervous D. rich nerve supply What do joints have in common with cartilaginous tissue?

68 A. avascular D. rich nerve supply What do joints have in common with cartilaginous tissue?

69 Back to Board So that there is coordinated movement of a joint, joints receive abundant sensory nerve supply.

70 Sorry, that is incorrect!

71 Ask a friend! Remove two answers Consult the module!

72 I hope you enjoyed playing.


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