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You may call me Dr. Vohra Elbow Radioulnar & Wrist Joints.

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Presentation on theme: "You may call me Dr. Vohra Elbow Radioulnar & Wrist Joints."— Presentation transcript:

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3 You may call me Dr. Vohra

4 Elbow Radioulnar & Wrist Joints

5 Bones involved are

6 Elbow Joint Type Hinge type of synovial joint Articulation B/W the trochlea & capitulum of humerus & trochlear notch of ulna & head of the radius

7 Fibrous Capsule The fibrous capsule completely encloses the joint. Its anterior and posterior parts are thin and weak, but collateral ligaments strengthen its sides. The fibrous capsule is attached to the proximal margins of the coronoid and radial fossae anteriorly, but not quite to the superior limit of the olecranon fossa posteriorly. Distally the fibrous capsule is attached to the margins of the trochlear notch, the anterior border of the coronoid process, and the annular ligament. Synovial membrane Lines the internal surface of the fibrous capsule Ligaments Lateral ligament Medial ligament

8 Lateral ligament (radial collateral) Is triangular ligament, i ts apex is attached proximally to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus and its base blends with the annular ligament of the radius

9 Medial ligament (ulnar collateral) It is composed of anterior and posterior bands (parts), which are connected by a thinner, relatively weak oblique band. Its apex is attached to the medial epicondyle of the humerus. The strong cord-like anterior part is attached to the tubercle on the coronoid process of the ulna and the weaker fan-like posterior part is attached to the medial edge of the olecranon. The ulnar nerve passes posterior to the medial epicondyle and is closely applied to the ulnar collateral ligament.ulnar nerve

10 Movements & muscles of the Elbow joint This joint can be flexed or extended Flexion is produced by the brachialis and brachioradialis muscles, but the main flexor is the brachialis. When the forearm is supinated, the biceps brachii muscle also flexes this joint; when it is pronated, the pronator teres does. brachialisbrachioradialis biceps brachii musclepronator teres The main extensor of the elbow joint is the triceps brachii muscle.triceps brachii muscle Gravity and the anconeus muscle assist with this movement.

11 Blood supply of the Elbow joint

12 Relations of the elbow joint Anteriorly: Brachialis, tendon of biceps, median nerve & brachial artery Posteriorly: Triceps a small bursa Medially: Ulnar nerve Laterally: Common extensor tendon & supinator Nerve supply The joint is supplied by the branches of median, ulnar, musculocutaneous & radial nerves

13 Carrying angle of the Elbow joint

14 Radioulnar Joint The radius and ulna articulate with each other at their proximal and distal ends at synovial joints, called the proximal and distal radioulnar joints. These articulations are the pivot type of synovial joint that produces pronation and supination.

15 Articulation The radial head articulates with the radial notch of the ulna. The head of the radius is held in position by the strong annular (annular) ligament, Fibrous Capsule The fibrous capsule enclosing the joint is continuous with the fibrous capsule of the elbow joint Synovial membrane The deep surface of the annular ligament is lined with synovial membrane. Continues above with elbow joint Ligaments The annular ligament is attached to anterior & posterior margins of radial notch. It is continuous with the capsule of the elbow joint. It is not attached to radius Proximal radioulnar joint

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17 Movements pronation and supination of the forearm Relations Anteriorly: Supinator & radial nerve Posteriorly: Supinator & common extensor tendon Medially: Ulnar nerve Laterally: Common extensor tendon & supinator Nerve supply The joint is supplied by the branches of median, ulnar, musculocutaneous & radial nerves

18 Distal radioulnar joint Type Pivot type of synovial joint Articulation Head of the ulna & ulnar notch of radius Capsule The capsule encloses the joint but deficient superiorly Ligaments Weak anterior & posterior ligaments strengthen the joint Articular disc Triangular fibrocartilaginous, separates the cavity of the distal radioulnar joint from the cavity of the wrist joint. Unites the radius & ulna Synovial membrane Lines the capsule Nerve supply Anterior interosseous & deep branch of radial nerves Movement Supination & pronation

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20 Distal radioulnar joint

21 Type It is a condyloid type of synovial joint Articulation distal end of the radius and the articular disc above & scaphoid, lunate & triquetral bones below Capsule The capsule encloses the joint & is attached above to the distal ends of radius & ulna below to the proximal row of carpal bones Ligaments Anterior & posterior ligaments strengthen the capsule the medial is attached to the styloid process of ulna & to the triquetral bone. The lateral ligament is attached to the styloid process of radius & to the scaphoid bone Wrist joint ( radiocarpal )

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23 Synovial membrane Lines the capsule & attached to the margins of the articular surfaces. The joint cavity does not communicate with that of distal radioulnar joint or with the joint cavities of intercarpal joints Nerve supply Anterior interosseous & deep branch of radial nerves Movement The movements of adduction, abduction, flexion, extension and circumduction are possible. Rotation of the wrist joint is impossible because the articular surfaces are ellipsoid in shape; however, pronation and supination of the hand compensate for the absence of this movement Cont. Wrist joint ( radiocarpal )

24 Fractures of the wrist (e.g., Colles' fracture) involving the distal end of the radius are the most common type of fracture in persons over 50 years of age

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