Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Operations Management Unit 7: Managing Quality (2) 授課教師: 國立臺灣大學工商管理學系 黃崇興 教授 本課程指定教材為 Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Lee.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Operations Management Unit 7: Managing Quality (2) 授課教師: 國立臺灣大學工商管理學系 黃崇興 教授 本課程指定教材為 Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Lee."— Presentation transcript:

1 Operations Management Unit 7: Managing Quality (2) 授課教師: 國立臺灣大學工商管理學系 黃崇興 教授 本課程指定教材為 Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Pearson Education, ©2013 本講義僅引用部分內容,請讀者自行準備。 1 【本著作除另有註明外,採取創用 CC 「姓名標示 -非商業性-相同方式分享」台灣 3.0 版授權釋出】創用 CC 「姓名標示 -非商業性-相同方式分享」台灣 3.0 版

2 Six Sigma Improvement Model 2 p.185 Figure 5.4

3 Acceptance Sampling 3 Acceptable quality level (AQL) p.185

4 Acceptance Sampling Interface 4 p.186 Figure 5.5

5 Statistical Process Control (SPC) 5 Performance measurement  Variables  Attributes Sampling Sampling distributions p.186, 187

6 Sampling Statistics 6 Sample Mean Standard deviation where σ = standard deviation of a sample x i = observation of a quality characteristic (such as time) n = total number of observations = mean parameter 參數 statistic 統計值 s

7 Sample and Process Distributions 7 p.188 Figure 5.6

8 Causes of Variation 8 p.188 Common causes Assignable causes

9 Assignable Causes 9 p.189 Figure 5.7 (c) (d) 峰度 Kurtosis

10 Control Charts 10 Time-ordered diagram of process performance  Mean  Upper control limit  Lower control limit Steps for a control chart p.189

11 Control Limits and Sampling Distribution 11 p.189 Figure 5.8 Nominal 應然值

12 Control Charts - Normal 12 p.190 Figure 5.9

13 Control Chart Errors 13 Two types of error are possible with control charts  A type I error occurs  A type II error occurs p.190

14 Variable Control Charts (1) 14 UCL R = D 4 R and LCL R = D 3 R where R =average of several past R values and the central line of the control chart D 3, D 4 =constants that provide three standard deviation (three-sigma) limits for the given sample size R-Chart

15 Variable Control Charts (2) 15 UCL x = x + A 2 R and LCL x = x – A 2 R x -Chart where x =central line of the chart, which can be either the average of past sample means or a target value set for the process A 2 =constant to provide three-sigma limits for the sample mean

16 Calculating Control Chart Factors 16 p.191 Table 5.1

17 Example 5.1 Using x- and R-Charts 17 p.192, 193

18 An Alternate Form 18 UCL x = x + z σ x and LCL x = x – zσ x where σ x = σ / n σ = standard deviation of the process distribution n = sample size x = central line of the chart z = normal deviate number p.193

19 EXAMPLE 5.2 Using Process Standard Deviation 19 p.194

20 Control Charts for Attributes 20 p = the center line on the chart UCL p = p + zσ p and LCL p = p – zσ p and p-charts p.194, 195

21 EXAMPLE 5.3 Using a p-Chart 21 p.195, 196

22 Control Charts for Attributes 22 p.196 UCL c = c + z  c and LCL c = c – z  c c-charts The mean of the distribution is c and the standard deviation is  c

23 EXAMPLE 5.4 Using a c-Chart 23 p.197

24 Process Capability 24 p.197, 198 Figure 5.14, 5.15 板書圖示: 綠線表示顧客要求規格; 廠商的規格若為: ※藍線 → 不符合規格, ※黃線 → 符合規格。

25 Process Capability Index 25 C pk = Minimum of, x – Lower specification 3σ Upper specification – x 3σ where σ = standard deviation of the process distribution p.198

26 Process Capability Ratio 26 C p = Upper specification – Lower specification 6σ p.199

27 Determining Process Capability 27 4 Steps p.199

28 Determining Process Capability Step C pk The process is capable. Continue to monitor the output. Calculate C p Process variability is fine and management should focus on centering the process. Management should focus on reducing the variability in the process until it passes the test Acceptable Unacceptable Acceptable

29 EXAMPLE 5.5 Assessing Process Capability 29 p.200

30 Quality Engineering 30 p.199, 200

31 Quality Loss Function 31 p.201 Figure 5.16

32 International Quality Documentation Standards 32 ISO 9001:2008 ISO 14000:2004 ISO 26000:2010 Benefits of ISO Certification p.201, 202

33 版權聲明 33 頁碼作品版權圖示來源 / 作者 3 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.185 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 5 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.186, 187 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使 用。瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 6 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.188 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 8 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.188 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 9 臺灣大學 / 黃崇興教授

34 版權聲明 34 頁碼作品版權圖示來源 / 作者 10 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.189 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 13 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.190 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 14 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.190 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 15 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.191 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 18 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.193 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。

35 版權聲明 35 頁碼作品版權圖示來源 / 作者 20 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.194,195 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 22 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.196 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 24 臺灣大學 / 黃崇興教授 25 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.198 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 25 臺灣大學 / 黃崇興教授

36 版權聲明 36 頁碼作品版權圖示來源 / 作者 26 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.199 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 28 臺灣大學 / 黃崇興教授 32 Pearson Education / Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra Lee J. Krajewski, Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Pearson Education,2012. p.201,202 依據著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。 瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 2-5, 7-13, 16-27, Pixabay/ Unknown 本作品屬公共領域之著作。瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。 2-32 Six Sigma Improvement Model...Intern ational Quality Documentatio n Standards( 各 頁標題 ) Pearson Education / Lee J., Larry P. Ritzman, and Manoj K Malhotra, Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., P 本作品以著作權法第 46 、 52 、 65 條合理使用。瀏覽日期: 2013/04/10 。


Download ppt "Operations Management Unit 7: Managing Quality (2) 授課教師: 國立臺灣大學工商管理學系 黃崇興 教授 本課程指定教材為 Operations Management: Processes and Supply Chains, 10th ed., Lee."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google