Presentation on theme: "What is JAZZ? 4 th Grade Music. What is Jazz?? Improvisation is important in Jazz Jazz uses “bent” music notes Jazz expresses many emotions Jazz uses."— Presentation transcript:
What is JAZZ? 4 th Grade Music
What is Jazz?? Improvisation is important in Jazz Jazz uses “bent” music notes Jazz expresses many emotions Jazz uses blue notes, syncopation, swing and call and response
4 Types of Jazz Dixieland Big Band Swing Bebop Jazz-Rock
Dixieland Louis Armstrong played and sang Dixieland Jazz. One of Louis’s most famous songs is “What a Wonderful World.” “What a Wonderful World.”
Dixieland Jazz was born in New Orleans. Dixieland Jazz groups have 6 – 8 players. The trumpet plays the melody.
- Began playing in Dixieland bands in New Orleans - played the cornet first, which is similar to the trumpet -The first band Louis played in was led by Joe Oliver. - Also lived in Chicago -Nicknamed “Satchmo” -Other bands he played in: Hot Five and Hot Seven - Louis sang in a style called “scat.”
Louis Armstrong Most important musician in jazz history! Trumpet player and a vocalist Famous Songs: “Hello, Dolly” “What a Wonderful World” “When the Saints Go Marching In”
Big Band Swing Glenn Miller Orchestra “In the Mood”
Big Band Swing
Big Bands with musicians became very popular in the 1940’s. Many leaders of the bands became famous because they were featured on live radio broadcasts each week.
-Music director at the Cotton Club in Harlem, NY -Pianist, composer, and band leader -Worked with pianist, Billy Strayhorn -Theme song “Take the ‘A’ Train” -Also enjoyed drawing and painting -NY band was the Washingtonians
Ella Fitzgerald “A-Tisket A Tasket”
Bebop Dizzy Gillespie played the trumpet. “Night in Tunisia”
Bebop has fast tempos and difficult eighth note melodies. Bebop is based on improvisation, which means musicians “make-up” the music as they play.
Charlie Parker Charlie Parker Played Bebop
Charlie Parker -Born in Kansas City, Kansas -Played the saxophone -Was a “father” of bebop with Dizzy Gillespie -Nickname “Yard Bird” -Played at Minton’s Playhouse in Harlem, NY -Was influenced by musician, Lester Young -Joined the band of McShann in NY
Charlie Parker Played the Alto Saxophone Played Bebop “Summertime”
Jazz Rock John Coltrane Played soprano saxophone “My Favorite Things”
The synthesizer was invented during the Jazz- Rock time period. A synthesizer creates the sound of guitars, string instruments, percussion instruments, and many other instruments. It made it possible to have the sound in the band without having the actual instrument.
-Developed a style called Cool Jazz -One of his popular songs is called BoplicityBoplicity -Worked with Gil Evans on many songs -Also worked with saxophone player, John Coltrane -Went to Julliard School of Music in NY -Replaced Dizzy Gillespie in Charlie Parker’s band -Last performance was at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland
John Coltrane “Giant Steps” Played the tenor saxophone in “Giant Steps” Jazz Rock
Do you know….. Billie Holiday? “Blue Moon”
Do you know… Norah Jones? “Come Away with Me”
Do you know… Erykah Badu?
Jazz words to know… SWING to play with a forward motion IMPROVISATION spontaneous musical invention SCAT SINGING nonsense syllables sung to improvised melodies
CONGRATULATIONS! You have learned about four types of jazz music and many jazz musicians!