Presentation on theme: "Western Washington University Shannon Point Marine Center On-Line Safety Training Fall 2008."— Presentation transcript:
Western Washington University Shannon Point Marine Center On-Line Safety Training Fall 2008
Our Safety Policy SPMC is committed to provide, maintain, and improve safe working conditions in its laboratories and offices. In all instances SPMC will strive to eliminate at the source, dangers to the health, safety and physical well-being of employees and students. It is expected that each employee and student act responsibly in matters of safety and health that promotes a safe working environment.
Having a plan isn’t enough. Every party involved is responsible for working toward a safer environment
OSHA Laboratory Standard 29 CFR Any person who works in a laboratory must receive training to become knowledgeable about potential hazards in the laboratory. This training is part of WWU SPMC’s compliance with the OSHA Laboratory Standard
Who is responsible for Safety? SPMC is responsible for providing: Safe working conditions Safe equipment Training ALL employees and students are responsible for a safe working environment
The employee (or student) is responsible for : reviewing all pertinent safety programs Complying with all safe work practices, rules and regulations. Recognizing hazards in the work place Reporting unsafe conditions to their supervisor or SPMC staff immediately. Who is responsible for Safety? (cont.)
Hazard Communication Information about potential hazards must be freely exchanged among all parties “Right-to-Know Laws” exist and specify your rights You have a right to be informed of any hazards to which you may be exposed. You have a responsibility to inform others around you of hazards they may not know about.
For example: If you’re working with something that requires protective equipment others around you should be informed so they can best protect themselves. Which of these folks doesn’t know the hazards to which they are being exposed?
Signs and labels are an important component of hazard communication Complete and accurate signs and labels are essential Does this sign effectively warn of potential hazards?
More Info on OSHA Lab Standard Copy available in ME 039 On-line (see External Links) Questions, comments, and concerns can be brought to your supervisor or qualified SPMC staff (Gene, Nate, or Lee)
Various Potential Hazards There are a variety of potential hazards that may be encountered in teaching or research labs This presentation will briefly discuss many of them Many of you will require additional training more specific to your work environment
Planning ahead can prevent many accidents
Emergency Response Procedures Prepare for any emergency Be aware of emergency telephone numbers Know the location and operation of eyewash fountains and emergency showers Know what to do in case of a spill (What are you working with?) Know your emergency exits
Planning ahead can save time and possibly lives
First Aid First Aid kits are located throughout the buildings If more than minor injury send someone for assistance Serious emergency call x3911 and stay on phone Life threatening (call 911)
Emergencies - Fire Be prepared Keep the lab aisles and evacuation routes free of equipment and other objects that could obstruct safe passage Locate the fire extinguishers and alarms Know the route to the closest emergency exit
Small Fire Alert people in the lab to the danger Smother the fire or use an extinguisher (aim at the base of flame) Always stay on the exit side of the flame Report the incident
Large Fire Alert people to evacuate the area Close doors to confine fire Activate nearest fire alarm or call for emergency response Assist getting students out of building Gather in a common area, away from danger, so you can be accounted for Emergency area location is the Handicap parking area Handicap parking area
Spills & Broken Glass Warn everyone around you Clear the area Evaluate the hazard, clean up if safe - If unsure send someone for help Evacuate if dangerous Report the incident
Safety Showers and Eyewashes Know the locations Know how to operate each type Assist others when needed Showers for large spills, remove clothing for maximum safety Eyewashes Hold eyes wide open Remove contacts Flush eyes for 15 minutes
Earthquake Stay calm! Get under a desk or table or stand in a corner. Crouch and cover your head and neck with your hands and arms If in a crowd, do not rush for the door. Lend a hand to others Exit the building as soon as the shaking stops Report any gas or water leaks Gather in a common area, away from danger, so you can be accounted for – Handicap Parking Lot
Autoclaves Before using the autoclaves you must be trained by personnel. Autoclaves use high heat and pressure to sterilize. This, very rarely, can lead to an explosion. Here’s what it looks like when an autoclave explodes
Compressed Gas Cylinders Must be properly secured at all times Gas cylinders are under extreme pressures They can explode or become deadly projectiles Lab after a gas cylinder accident
Liquid Nitrogen Very, very cold (-200 °C) Wear goggles whenever pouring liquid nitrogen. Use cryo gloves Protect your hands and eyes from damage
Electrocution Hazards Use GFCI outlets near sinks Frayed electrical wires Aquarium lights and pumps
Radioisotopes Radioisotope use is under the direct supervision of the Radiation Safety Officer (Gisele Mueller-Parker) Written authorization from the RSO is required before using radioisotopes and must be indicated on your application for space C 14
Chemical Safety Now that we’ve briefly discussed most of the potential hazards we’ll go into a bit more detail about one more hazard
Chemical Labels DOT – Department of Transportation (DOT) requires specific diamond shaped warnings on any shipped package NFPA – National Fire Protection Association’s four colored diamond is intended to summarize hazards to rescue personnel in case of a spill When working with chemicals there are some labeling systems with which you must be familiar
Chemical Labels Chemical Labels (Cont.) Primary container label – Complete hazard information prepared by the chemical manufacturer and affixed to containers before it is shipped to buyers. Secondary container label – When ever a chemical is transferred (or diluted) into a secondary container (beaker, flask, bottle, etc.) it must be labeled with hazard warnings and identifying information Secondary container label – When ever a chemical is transferred (or diluted) into a secondary container (beaker, flask, bottle, etc.) it must be labeled with hazard warnings and identifying information
DOT Label Department of Transportation labels are typically found on the outside of shipping cartons Department of Transportation labels are typically found on the outside of shipping cartons The labels are color-coded with the hazards depicted by readily identifiable symbols The labels are color-coded with the hazards depicted by readily identifiable symbols These universal symbols are also useful on secondary containers These universal symbols are also useful on secondary containers
NFPA Label This labeling and rating system is designed for fire fighters – not lab workers Yet it is still a helpful quick summary of a substance’s main hazards Always read more about possible hazards of a chemical before exposing yourself
Primary Container Label Each label must contain: the identity of the materialthe identity of the material the name and address of a responsible person from whom information can be obtained if necessarythe name and address of a responsible person from whom information can be obtained if necessary precautionary hazard warningsprecautionary hazard warnings OSHA requires that all hazardous chemicals be clearly labeled with known hazards.
Secondary Container Label If a material is transferred from a primary container into another container (e.g. flask, bottle, beaker) that container is called a secondary container. Any repackaged hazardous solid or liquid in a concentration greater than 1% (0.1% for a carcinogen) must have appropriate labeling. Never leave an unlabeled beaker or flask on a shelf or counter. If someone else spills it would they know what hazards are involved? Even water should be labeled to avoid any concerns.
Secondary labels must include Identity of the chemical (full name not just formula) Appropriate hazard warning Date of transfer (refilling) Name of person who made or is using 2 nd container Hazards requiring specific mention: Flammability, Oxidizer, Corrosive, Cancer, Explosive, Toxic, Poison, and any other immediate or severe hazard Secondary Container Label (cont.)
Improperly labeled 2 nd Containers Can you see what is missing on these secondary containers? No hazard info No name No date
Read the Chemical Label Always check the label of every bottle for safety information Also obtain more detailed information from the MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) An MSDS is an information sheet that: tells what chemicals are in the product lists the hazards of the product how to protect yourself from the hazards Here’s an example MSDS for Acetone Every company has its own format for its MSDS but the contents are the same. This is only 1 out of 4 pages for this MSDS. There is a lot of info packed into an MSDS. Let’s highlight some of the key components. Composition (ingredients) list all the hazardous chemicals in the product. Acetone is simple. Product Identification lists other names by which the chemical is known as well as other identifying information. Hazards Identification starts with a summary of hazard warnings. Read these carefully. Detailed health effects, first aid measures, exposure limits, etc. can be found in the rest of the MSDS
Read the MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheets All MSDS’s are in rooms ME039 and ME 036 (the balance room) Always refer to the MSDS for any suspected hazardous material A copy must be on hand before working with any chemical Must be easily available to everyone for every laboratory material Available on the web (hazard.com).
Material Safety Data Sheets (cont.) Important tip: MMMMSDS’s are written for industrial settings were quantities are much bigger than would ever be found in the lab WWWWhen working with a new chemical read the MSDS then talk with you supervisor and/or the Safety Officer about the risks in your situation.
Safe storage of chemicals is a necessity in every laboratory. Provides for effective management of chemicals. Lessens the risk of fire. Prevents accidental mixing of incompatible chemicals in emergencies. Minimizes exposure to corrosive and toxic chemicals.
Fire caused by improper chemical storage
Safe Chemical Storage Dry chemical storage Dry chemicals can be stored together but segregate oxidizers. Liquid chemical storage Separate as acids, bases, flammables, oxidizers, and highly toxic chemicals. Acids. Acids should be stored in trays. Nitric acid should be stored separately. Organic acids, organic bases, and flammables. Organic acids and organic bases may be stored with the flammables. Oxidizers. Oxidizers are highly reactive. They should be separated from other chemicals.
Safe Chemical Storage Safe Chemical Storage (Cont.) Only retrieve chemicals for which you have been authorized Place all items back in proper storage location Don’t leave hazardous chemicals out on the benchtop If you have a question concerning the proper storage of a hazardous chemical, don't guess; ask your supervisor or Carissa for guidance
Waste Minimization and Disposal Plan each experiment to utilize the minimum amount of material Order the smallest amount of chemicals Use less hazardous materials Properly and completely label waste containers No hazardous materials down the drain When in doubt - ask!
Now let’s go over some safety equipment
Handle volatiles and weigh hazardous powders (Protects you) Keep samples free of contaminants (Protects work) Fume Hoods vs. Biosafety Cabinets Pulls air away from you Blows air towards you
Fume Hoods Know the proper use Work area – 4 inches in from sash plane Flow rates are tested regularly Should not be used for chemical storage and used as working hood If only one hood available use the vented cabinet below for all storage and keep work area clear Yellow Hood reserved for Formaldehyde use
Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)
PPE Available to anyone working in the lab Must fit the individual wearer Must be specific for the hazard Individuals should be trained regarding the use and proper wearing
PPE (cont.) Proper Clothing – Long sleeves and pants Proper Shoes – No sandals or open toes Safety Glasses or Goggles Gloves – Use the proper type and change often Lab Coat or Apron Respiratory Protection – when needed
Eye Protection Safety Glasses – for projectile hazards (carpentry, glasswork) Safety Goggles – required when there is the potential for a chemical splash
Chemical-Resistant Gloves Chemical-resistant gloves are not totally “chemical-proof” Solvents will eventually penetrate the gloves over time. The thicker the glove, the more resistant it is to solvents. Thick is better than Thin No glove material is impervious to all chemicals – ask for guidance.
Lab Coats Lab coats protect your skin and your clothes Affordable and effective protection Available outside the Marine Chemistry Lab (by the stairs)
Think Safety Before you do any task, take a moment to consider a safer alternative or a safer way to do the same thing
Never work alone at a potentially dangerous activity Perform authorized work only - Do not operate equipment unless you have been instructed in its proper use No food, beverages, tobacco products, or application of cosmetics NEVER leave a hazardous system unattended Keep aisles and safety equipment clear Think ahead and plan every experiment Safety Policy in Research Labs
Knowing safety policies and procedures only helps if they are followed
Good Laboratory Practices No smoking, food or beverages in the labs. Students may place food or drinks outside the door and go into the hall to consume them when convenient.
Good Laboratory Practices (cont.) Aisles & exits are free from obstruction. Backpacks or bags should not be placed in the aisles or between tables, they create a tripping hazard and blockage in the event of a fast exit being required. Carts should be pushed into the hall (if empty)
Lab benches must be cleaned, or decontaminated after work is completed. This is the your job - please make sure you do it before you leave the lab Good Laboratory Practices (cont.)
Do NOT leave spilled chemicals on or around the balance Dispose of spilled or excess chemicals properly Wipe down the balance after each use using a kimwipe, brush or air duster Wipe down all surfaces of the balance table. Return chemicals to proper storage locations when finished
While Working in the Lab: Shoes with full coverage and good grip soles Restrain long hair, loose clothing and jewelry Use appropriate eye, skin, and hand protection
Working with Chemicals on the Boats Inform the skipper of the hazards associated with any chemical brought on the boat. MSDS should accompany any chemical brought on board All safety policies regarding boating will be followed in addition to all necessary safety gear used in normal lab chemical use Chemicals should at least be double contained
Security Issues Lock doors when you leave a room Never prop open an exterior door Know where a telephone is Know emergency numbers Report suspicious people in the building to Gene McKeen campus phone 223
You are ready to work in the lab when you can answer these questions What are the hazards of the chemical you are working with? How are you protected from those hazards? What do you do in case of an emergency? Where can you get further hazard information?
You’ve Completed the Slide Show To complete the safety training: Take the quiz and score 15 out of 17 or better Print out and sign the Safety Training Verification form Return the form to Lee (ME 039) before beginning your research Thank you