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Physical modelling of the removal of Glines Canyon Dam & Lake Mills By Chris Bromley, Gordon Grant, Colin Thorne University of Nottingham / Oregon State.

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Presentation on theme: "Physical modelling of the removal of Glines Canyon Dam & Lake Mills By Chris Bromley, Gordon Grant, Colin Thorne University of Nottingham / Oregon State."— Presentation transcript:

1 Physical modelling of the removal of Glines Canyon Dam & Lake Mills By Chris Bromley, Gordon Grant, Colin Thorne University of Nottingham / Oregon State University

2 Source: National Park Service

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5 Elwha River Project “…the full restoration of the Elwha River ecosystem and the native anadromous fisheries…’ Elwha River Ecosystem and Fisheries Restoration Act, 1992 (P.L )

6 Lake Aldwell ~ 2.98 million m 3 Lake Mills ~ million m 3

7 Image courtesy of National Park Service Baselevel

8 2.29 m = 2.8 cm

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11 Research hypotheses The greater the magnitude of the drop in baselevel, a. The greater the incision and lateral adjustment that will occur within the original delta area b. The more rapidly sediment will erode from the delta surface c. The greater the total volume of original delta sediment will be eroded

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16 Dam

17 Horizontal scale = 1 : 310 Vertical scale = 1 : 81.7 Vertical distortion = 3.79

18 3.3 km = m

19 1.067 km = 3.44 m

20 45.72 m = 0.56 m

21 Similitude of Froude No. & Shields No. Assume uniform steady flow

22 Q m = Q p * H V 1.5 Q m  growth = 110 l/min → Q p = 420 m 3 /s (14,825 cfs)

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46 R11 3x - center R7 3x - left

47 R11 3x - center R7 3x - left

48 R11 3x - center R7 3x - left

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56 RunFrom (mins.) To (mins.) Prototype Sediment- transporting time (Weeks) % total sediment volume passing Downstream Yrs-worth of Sediment Transport 1x Left x Left x Centre x Right

57 RunFrom (mins.) To (mins.) Prototype Sediment- transporting time (Weeks) % total sediment volume passing downstream Yrs-worth of Sediment transport 1x Left x Left x Centre x Right

58 Conclusions 1 Volumes and rates of original delta erosion increase with, -central incisional channels -increasing magnitudes of removal

59 Conclusions 2 Beyond 3x C, relationships less clear, -peak rates and volumes very high during very early stages of removal -increasing channel lengths d/s of original delta may represent negative feedback between original delta erosion and delta progradation

60 Acknowledgements St. Anthony Falls Laboratory & NCED Dianna Smith, Jason Lundheim, Mike Plante, Dick Christopher, Ben Erickson, Jeremy Schultz, Josh Brand, Matt Leuker Brett Otteson, Ben Freisen, Corey Markfort Alessandro Cantelli, Gary Parker, Chris Paola, Greg Stewart, Tim Randle, Gordon Grant, Colin Thorne Brian Winter, Bill Jackson, Reclamation


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