Introduce Yourself Name Population TCK awareness Symbolic object Foreign travel; how it has affected you?
Overview of Presentation Case Study Define TCK Review Identity Research Overview of TCK Identity Development Implications for Counselors
The Story of “Lisa” Take time to read the case study. Lisa is TCK. Begin thinking about: What are Lisa’s issues/struggles? If Lisa came to you for counseling, how would you help her?
Who are TCKs? A person Who has spent a significant part Of his or her developmental years Outside parents culture Develops a sense of relationship to all of the cultures while not having full ownership in any Pollack, D. & Van Reken, R.(2001). Third culture kids: The experience of growing up among worlds.Maine:Nicholas Brealey Publishing
Identity Research: Erikson Adolescence (12- 18/24) is marked by an "identity crisis“ 3 domains of identity: Faith Work/ Career Citizenship Erikson, E.H. (1968). Identity: youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton.
Identity Research: Marcia Marcia uses the two Eriksonian concepts of crisis and commitment to define the four statuses: 1.Identity diffusion 2.Identity foreclosure 3.identity moratorium 4.identity achievement Marcia, J. (1980). Ego Identity development. In J. Adelson (Ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: John Wiley
Observations about TCK Identity Development Wilmer (2001) Useem & Cottrell (1993-current) College of Arts and letters, San Diego State University and the International School Service Jordon (2002) True stories Aside: The decisions of TCKs. Ender, Morton. (2002). Military Brats and Other Global Nomads: Growing up in organization families. Westpoint, CT: Praeger.
Suggestions: Why are many of the TCKs still in moratorium status? Chronic rootlessness and restlessness They are “cultural chameleons” and being open to all ideas Unknown cultural rules Compliance to rules/“delusion of choice”
Implications for Counselors Understand the unique experiences of TCKs Ask and talk about their assumptions and expectations for life Psychoeducational and Process Groups Identify mentor, preferably an ATCK. Research
Activities 1.M&M activity- great ice breaker! 2.Symbolic Object- Ask each member of the group to bring an object symbolic/ important to them. Have each member share about the object. 3.Making Headlines - Global Identity 4.Who Am I Collage- Personal Identity 5.Shopping List Values – Value clarification: rank a list of values and describe ranking of values. Parker, E. & Teece, K. (2001). Here today there tomorrow. Washington: Foreign Service Youth Foundation Publication
Activities 1.Who Are We Bingo- bingo cards that identify characteristics/values of group(i.e. speaks three languages; has experienced grief at leaving behind a friend) 2.The Cost Benefit Columns- make three columns: advantages, disadvantages, and characteristics of people living overseas 3.I Pledge Allegiance – What do I stand for? 4.A Collage of American Values 5.Roots
References Erikson, E.H. (1968). Identity: youth and crisis. New York: W.W. Norton. Ender, Morton. (2002). Military Brats and Other Global Nomads: Growing up in organization families. Westpoint, CT: Praeger. Marcia, J. (1980). Ego Identity development. In J. Adelson (Ed.), Handbook of adolescent psychology. New York: John Wiley Parker, E. & Teece, K. (2001). Here today there tomorrow. Washington: Forgeign Service Youth Foundation Publication Pollack, D. & Van Reken, R.(2001). Third culture kids: The experience of growing up among worlds.Maine:Nicholas Brealey Publishing. Smith, C. (1996). Strangers at Home. Bayside, NY: Aletheia Publications
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