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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES- MARITIME TRANSPORTATION Amy Parker CG-ENG-5 U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters Hazardous Materials Division.

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Presentation on theme: "HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES- MARITIME TRANSPORTATION Amy Parker CG-ENG-5 U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters Hazardous Materials Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES- MARITIME TRANSPORTATION Amy Parker CG-ENG-5 U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters Hazardous Materials Division Washington, DC USA

2 What to Expect in this Presentation  International Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) Regulations  United States Domestic HAZMAT Regulations  Useful Websites  Contact Information –2–2

3 International Maritime Organization (IMO)  The United Nations’ specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships –3–3

4 SOLAS & MARPOL  SOLAS  International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974  12 Chapters  U.S. is signatory  MARPOL  International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)  6 Annexes  U.S. is signatory to 5 Annexes Annex I, II, III, V, and VI –4–4

5 International Maritime Organization (IMO) –5–5 Marine Environment Protection Committee Sub-Committee on Pollution Prevention and Response IBC Code Maritime Safety Committee Sub-Committee on Carriage of Cargoes and Containers IMDG Code IMSBC Code IGF Code IGC Code

6 International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code  Non-bulk HAZMAT  Basic principles:  recommendations for individual substances, materials, and articles  recommendations for good operational practice including advice on terminology, packing, labelling, stowage, segregation and handling, and emergency response action –6–6

7 IMDG Code  Volume 1 (parts 1, 2 and 4-7):  general provisions, definitions, training  classification  packing and tank provisions  consignment procedures  construction and testing of packagings, IBCs, large packagings, portable tanks and road tank vehicles  transport operations –7–7

8 IMDG Code  Volume 2 (part 3):  the Dangerous Goods List presented in tabular format  limited quantities exceptions  the Index  appendices  The Supplement:  EMS Guide  Medical First Aid Guide  Reporting Procedures  Packing Cargo Transport Units  Safe Use of Pesticides  INF Code –8–8

9 Dangerous Goods List –9–9

10 IMDG Code Updates  Revised every two years  proposals submitted directly to IMO by Member States  amendments required to take account of changes to the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods –10 IMDG Code Amendment Cycle 2010201120122013201420152016201720182019 34-08 V9 35-10 V10 36-12 V11 37-14 V12 38-16 V13

11 U.S. Regulatory Structure – 11 Federal StateLocal

12 U.S. Federal Regulatory Structure  Code of Laws of the United States of America (U.S.C.)  consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States  Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)  codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations of the United States – 12

13 U.S. Federal HAZMAT Transportation Law  Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA)  49 U.S.C. §§ 5101-5127 Section 5101 states that the purpose of the Federal hazmat law is to “protect against the risks to life, property, and the environment that are inherent in the transportation of hazardous material in intrastate, interstate, and foreign commerce.” – 13

14 U.S. Enforcement Agencies – 14 Enforcement AgencyRole in HMTA Research and Special Programs Administration (RITA) Container manufacturing guidelines Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)Regulations for motor carriers Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)Regulations for rail carriers Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)Regulations for air carriers United States Coast Guard (USCG)Regulations for shipment by water Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) Regulations for transportation by pipeline and for special permits Department of Energy (DOE)Regulations for radioactive materials Atomic Energy Authority (AEA)Regulations for radioactive materials Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)Regulations for hazardous materials Department Of Transportation (DOT) Regulations for hazardous materials and compliance Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Regulations for hazardous materials and compliance Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulations for compliance National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Regulations for emergency response

15 U.S. Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR)  49 CFR Parts 171-180 (Packaged HAZMAT)  Hazardous Material Classification (Parts 171 and 173)  Hazard Communication (Part 172, Subparts A-G)  Packaging Requirements (Parts 173, 178, 179, and 180)  Operational Rules (Parts 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, and 177)  Training and Security (Part 172, Subparts H and I)  Registration (Part 171; see also Part 107, Subpart G) – 15

16 49 CFR 172.101: HAZMAT Table – 16

17 49 CFR 172 Subpart H: Training  HAZMAT Training  General awareness and familiarization training  Function-specific training  Safety training  Security awareness training  In-depth security training  OSHA, EPA, and Other Training  Initial and Recurrent Training  Initial within 90 days  Recurrent every 3 years  Recordkeeping – 17

18 Maritime Transport  USCG is responsible for administration of domestic regulations governing the transport of hazardous materials by vessel  Waterfront Facilities (33 CFR 126)  Certain Dangerous Cargoes (33 CFR 160)  Hazardous Ships’ Stores (46 CFR 147)  Shipboard Fumigation (46 CFR 147A)  Bulk Solid HAZMAT (46 CFR 148)  Bulk Liquids (46 CFR 151-154)  Packaged HAZMAT (49 CFR 176) – 18

19 Regulatory Processes  Deviations from Regulations  Special Permits, Competent Authority Approvals, Exemptions 49 CFR 107.105 IMDG Code Part 7.9.1  Enforcement  Inspections USCG National Cargo Bureau (NCB) –19

20 Container Inspections (2012) – 20 – –Guam – –Saipan – –Puerto Rico – –St. Thomas

21 Container Inspections (2012)  25,645 containers inspected nationwide  2,381 were found with deficiencies:  997 placarding & marking  519 serious structural deficiencies  381 marking & labeling of packages  342 stowage/securing inside freight containers, vehicles  64 inappropriate or damaged packages  64 improper segregation of cargo  14 other deficiencies – 21

22 Enforcement Sanctions  Compliance orders  Orders for compliance with the regulations  Civil penalties  Monetary fines for knowingly violating regulations  Criminal penalties  Monetary fines and imprisonment for willful or reckless violations – 22

23 Useful Websites  USCG Hazardous Materials Division  http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg5215/default.asp  DOT PHMSA  http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/  eCFR  http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/ECFR?page=browse  IMO  http://www.imo.org/Pages/home.aspx  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe  http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/danger.html – 23

24 Coast Guard Contact Information –24  Mailing Address: Hazardous Materials Division (CG-ENG-5) U. S. Coast Guard 2703 Martin Luther King Jr. Ave. SE STOP 7509 Washington, DC 20593-7509  E-mail: HazmatStandards@uscg.mil  Bulk Solids & Packaged Hazmat Point of Contact: Ms. Amy Parker Tel: 202-372-1423 E-mail: Amy.M.Parker@uscg.mil


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