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NAAE Presentation Agriculture in the 21 st Century Presented by: Dr. Rick Parker AgrowKnowledge Director Las Vegas 3 December 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "NAAE Presentation Agriculture in the 21 st Century Presented by: Dr. Rick Parker AgrowKnowledge Director Las Vegas 3 December 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 NAAE Presentation Agriculture in the 21 st Century Presented by: Dr. Rick Parker AgrowKnowledge Director Las Vegas 3 December 2010

2 Where is Rupert, ID?

3 National Science Foundation Grant Started July 1, 2001 One of 39 ATE Centers established by the NSF Only Agriculture Center Housed at Kirkwood Community College, Cedar Rapids, IA Established with Partner Colleges Partners with PAS – now 85 partners

4 Purpose/ Vision "Grow educational and business partnerships that strengthen math, science and technology skills of students to prepare them for the new and emerging jobs, technologies and issues in agriculture, food and natural resources programs."

5 Belief AFNR technology education collaborative effort between business, industry and education. Business and industry hire graduates and understands current workforce needs and future business trends. Educational partners work together to ensure students are prepared for the world of work with the relevant knowledge and skills.

6 Teaching Philosophy I hear; I forget; I see; I remember; I do; I understand." Grad School when I really learned See: Father Guido Sarducci's Five Minute UniversityFather Guido Sarducci's Five Minute University

7 About You From? Ag background Raise livestock Raise a garden Raise chickens Harvest livestock Harvest and store fruits and vegetables Could define sustainable and organic

8 Overview By 2050, 70% of the 9.1 billion people in the world will live in cities. What will the sustainable food system look like that produces the massive quantities of food needed? What type of training and education will be needed to work in the food system? Agricultural educators need to prepare their students for this future. This workshop will touch on the current opportunities and challenges for agriculture and agricultural education and what students will need in the future.

9 Outline Perspective/Point-of-View Bit of History Challenges/Opportunities Sustainable The Future What Students Need What to teach Summary

10 Objectives Create a vision See the future with challenges and opportunities See where you fit and where your students fit Plan for the future Teach for the future

11 Perspective Snapshot taken 26 July 2010 at 15:30 MDT

12 If the world were 100 people

13 Life Expectancy Medieval Britain30 Early Modern Britain40+ Early 20 th Century30-45 Current World Average67

14 Perception; Perspective and Point-of-View Perception becomes reality

15 Some issues are just bigger than we imagined or understood!

16 Some things are not what they seem to be or claim to be!

17 We need to explain.

18 Our vocabulary use differs

19 At times we need to be thankful of where we are! It could be worse.

20 You can see what you want to see.


22 Urbanization Worldwide people are moving out of the country and into the cities. A continuous, massive amount of food is required to by the population. As people in the country move to cities worldwide, the number of cities with a population of 10 million will increase to 26. Several of these cities are in North America. Every city this size requires 6000 tons of food shipped in each day or about 2.2 million tons per year. Many cities are millions of people, but less than 10 million. These cities also require the shipping of thousands of tons of food each day.

23 The Food System Complex system, made up of scientific, economic, social, and political dimensions Cooperation between many people and organizations to produce, process, transport, and distribute food Easily disrupted by acts of humans and once disrupted leads to food insecurity and total lack of food

24 Some History

25 More History








33 Lard valuable!

34 More History

35 Free-range chickens Environmentally-friendly home

36 Free-range chickents and “organic” eggs

37 More History Man power!

38 More History Local foods then!

39 Local foods now

40 How many calories to plow one acre?




44 History Timeline

45 Your Turn What will be the course titles in 2050? What will be the course content? Where will your students come from? What content/courses will be meaningless in 2050?

46 Hours to produce 100 bu wheat It takes a modern combine about 9 seconds to harvest enough wheat to make 70 loaves of bread.

47 Foods of the US


49 Size of the food system * 127 tons of spices * Enough pepperoni to stretch 128 miles * Tomato paste from 54 acres of tomatoes * Four produced from 1,157 acres of wheat * Beef from 182 steers * Pork from 2,498 hogs * Cheese from 1,453,540 gallons of milk (equal to the yearly production for 37,180 cows) Tony's Pizza Service in Salina, Kansas is a part of the food system. Tony's makes pizzas. Just for Tony's Pizza Service EACH WEEK this requires the following from agriculture:

50 Current Situation Opportunities and Challenges Corporate or Family Farming Industrial Agriculture Factory Farms Global Warming/Climate Change GMO Urban Agriculture Permaculture Community Supported Agriculture Environmentalism Slow-foods, Fast Food Nation, Food Inc. and Others

51 Issues and Development Urban Local Industrial/Scientific/Factory Farming Developing Countries Sustainable

52 Attitudes Towards Agriculture “High production agriculture that depends on genetic engineering and poisons to control pests in mono cropping is a house of cards is just waiting to collapse. In terms of agriculture, awards for legitimate environmental respect should go to the many farmers who creatively have developed systems to produce food in consort with nature rather than trying to dominate it for profit or, in the case of all too many family-scale conventional farming neighbors, for survival.”

53 Urban Food Movement design-urban-food-movement/

54 Permaculture An approach to designing human settlements and agricultural systems that mimic the relationships found in natural ecologies. Permaculture is sustainable land use design. This is based on ecological and biological principles, often using patterns that occur in nature to maximize effect and minimize work. Permaculture aims to create stable, productive systems that provide for human needs, harmoniously integrating the land with its inhabitants. The ecological processes of plants, animals, their nutrient cycles, climatic factors and weather cycles are all part of the picture. Inhabitants’ needs are provided for using proven technologies for food, energy, shelter and infrastructure. Elements in a system are viewed in relationship to other elements, where the outputs of one element become the inputs of another. Systems approach

55 Permaculture Chicken



58 Local Food Movement Local food movement is a collaborative effort to build more locally based, self- reliant food economies. This sustainable food production, processing, distribution, and consumption are integrated to enhance the economic, environmental, and social health of a particular place

59 Local Foods revolution-rethinking-fast-food-11062.htm

60 Community Supported Agriculture

61 Industrial/Scientific/Factory Farming





66 Developing Countries Basic Research to Enable Agricultural Development (BREAD) -- A program jointly supported by NSF and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) f09566.htm

67 Slow Foods Movement

68 Some More Perspective One US farmer feeds 155 people

69 Sustainable Agriculture

70 Sustainable Agriculture Tool Kit

71 Sustainable Agriculture Standards 1. Base direction and change on science 2. Honor market principles 3. Increase profitability and reduces risk 4. Satisfy human need for fiber and safe, nutritious food 5. Conserve and seek energy resources 6. Create and conserve healthy soil Developed by Dr. Rick Parker

72 Sustainable Agriculture Standards 7. Conserve and protect water resources 8. Recycle or manage waste products 9. Select livestock (animals) and crop appropriate for environment and available resources 10. Manage pests with minimal environmental impact 11. Encourage strong rural communities 12. Promote social and environmental responsibility Developed by Dr. Rick Parker

73 Opportunities and Challenges for Agriculture and Agricultural Education Educating the other 98% about Agriculture New Careers in Agriculture: Change in Perception New and Better Training and Education Needed The "Ag" Experience

74 For the Future: Agriculture’s Promise Support organizations that tell agriculture's story Public policy should balance agricultural production with environmental protection and energy independence Assist new farmers as they transition into production agriculture Policy should be designed to continue federal funding for agricultural-based education programs

75 For the Future: Agriculture’s Promise Produce a Farm Bill that promotes the marketing of agricultural products National Young Farmer Education Association (NYFEA)

76 What Will Students Need? Ag101 Old Programs/New Programs Math, Science and Technology Certification Jobs/Careers Instructional Methods Media: Textbooks or Not –Kindle, iPad, Google Docs etc.

77 Certification Agricultural Certifications In most areas of agriculture (AFNR) the methods of demonstrating knowledge and skills involve work experience, degrees from educational institutions, or product-based certificates. However some areas of agriculture (AFNR) provide certifications or accreditations.provide certifications or accreditations AgrowKnowledge is developing some national certifications for introductory animal science, introductory plant science, biofuels, introductory agricultural biotechnology, geospatial technician, equine science and aquaculture. To certify is to attest as meeting a standard, and in the educational arena, a certificate is a document certifying that one has fulfilled the requirements of a field. To see a list of some of the current certifications in agriculture check out the Special Projects - Certification section of our website.Special Projects - Certification

78 Jobs/Careers New jobs, new focus

79 AgrowKnowledge Career Clusters AgrowKnowledge participated in a national Career Cluster project, sponsored by the NASDCTEC. The project identified 16 Career Clusters Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (AFNR ).

80 The Career Cluster of AFNR Identifies Seven Pathways Each pathway provides educators – The knowledge and skills – The accompanying measurement criteria, – Forms the basis for learner success in high school, college, technical training, apprenticeship programs, and the workplace.

81 AFNR Career Pathways 1. Agribusiness Systems 2. Animal Systems 3. Environmental Service Systems 4. Food Products And Processing Systems 5. Natural Resources Systems 6. Plant Systems 7. Power Structural and Technical Systems 8. & Agricultural Biotechnology

82 Top 10 Employment Areas in Agriculture 1.Agronomy 2.Crop Protection/Chemicals 3.Biotechnology 4.Equipment/Machinery 5.Grain 6.Seed 7.Dairy 8.Food/Hospitality 9.Beef 10.Feed Based on US jobs posted between January 1, 2008 – September 15, 2008 Emerging Careers

83 Corporate Need for Training Rapid changes in technology, the exportation of jobs, downsizing, shortcomings in formal education, global competition and the aging workforce. –In the 2009 Skilled Labor Outlook Report 100% of employers stated that they offer training for their skilled labor employees. –21% of employers surveyed listed training with post-secondary institutions as a means of retaining employees Employers experience the most difficulty in recruiting skilled employees at both the hourly and salary level. –2007/2008 Agribusiness HR Review The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that careers for technically trained agriculturist (science technicians ) is expected to grow 12 percent during the 2006-16 decade –Biological careers are expected to grow 14-20% during the same time

84 More of the Future

85 Where are the Career Cluster Jobs/Careers? A project of AgrowKnowledge and AgCareers

86 Facts/Overview/Trends 700+ – Two-year, colleges offering AFNR – related degrees (have database) 40% of 2-year college graduates transfer to universities High schools and two-year colleges must work together (driven by Perkins funding) Assessments and certifications critical for secondary and postsecondary (2-year CTE) –Assessments driven by education –Certification driven by industry (not many in ag) National Standards (math & science) National AFNR Content Standards (on TeamAgEd website) Timing never better with attention to agriculture, food and environment Career Clusters (+biotech) – Knowledge and Skills for AFNR

87 Facts/Overview/Trends Oddly with all the attention to AFNR – agriculture seems to be loosing its relevance Ag needs to show science, rigor and relevance Context of agriculture provides rigor and relevance High schools have spectrum of quality – some not preparing for emerging careers in ag; for example vet tech AFNR jobs/careers promising for the prepared Learning is improved in project-based curriculum IT skills imbedded in curriculu m

88 Summary 9 billion people will need food Many challenges or opportunities (Nowhere) Agriculture engaging context for teaching most subjects Never a time when more interest in agriculture, food and natural resources Technology changes delivery Hands-on still best

89 Act before the money runs out

90 Are you (will you be) teaching what is relevant to the future?

91 Contact Information Rick Parker, PhD AgrowKnowledge Co-PI & Director Ph: 208-670-3704 Skype: rickoparker Fax: 208-436-1384 E-mail: AgrowKnowledge website: Motto: "I hear; I forget; I see; I remember; I do; I understand." I text!


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