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National Association for Regulatory Administration September 13, 2011 IT’s NOT Like Building a House Mark Parker (800) 984-9346

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Presentation on theme: "National Association for Regulatory Administration September 13, 2011 IT’s NOT Like Building a House Mark Parker (800) 984-9346"— Presentation transcript:

1 National Association for Regulatory Administration September 13, 2011 IT’s NOT Like Building a House Mark Parker (800)

2 Overview Sequential (Waterfall, BDUF – Big Design Up Front) development that proceeds from one phase to the next in purely a sequential manner; each phase must be completed and perfected before moving to the next phase. In a sequential model, there is no going back to a previous phase and no overlapping of phases. Iterative and Incremental (XP – Extreme Programming, RAD – Rapid Application Development, UP – Unified Process, RUP – Rational Unified Process, Spiral, Scrum) development that proceeds in repeatable iterations to iteratively and incrementally enhance and evolve a program until it is accepted by the user. The goal for design and development of any iteration is to be simple, straightforward and modular, supporting redesign at any time or as tasks are added. In an iterative and incremental model, iterations may be repeated and phases may overlap. There are many different methodologies for software development, each describing approaches to a variety of tasks or activities that take place throughout the software development lifecycle. Generally speaking, all software development methodologies fall into one of two categories.

3 Sequential Software Development Waterfall, BDUF – Big Design Up Front Requirements Design Code Test Deploy

4 Iterative and Incremental Software Development XP – Extreme Programming, RAD – Rapid Application Development, UP – Unified Process, RUP – Rational Unified Process, Spiral, Scrum

5 Scientific Method

6 Scientific Method and Iterative Development Choose Your Topic Identify Problem Research Problem Develop Hypothesis Design Experiments Test the Hypothesis Analyze Results Formulate Conclusions Initial Planning Planning Requirements Analysis Design Implementation Testing Evaluation

7 Outcomes ExperimentIteration Increased Knowledge Decision Point Problem Solved Increased Knowledge Decision Point Deployment

8 Unified Process - UP Risk Focused Risk Focused Results Oriented Results Oriented Architecture Based Architecture Based Use Case Driven Use Case Driven Developer Centric Developer Centric Stakeholder Collaborative Stakeholder Collaborative

9 Why Iterative? “The fundamental reason that a project iterates is to reduce risk.” Project Risk Exposure 100% Project Schedule Target Completion Date Sequential (Waterfall) Iterative and Incremental

10 Unified Process Hierarchy Evolution Phases InceptionElaborationConstructionTransition Iterations

11 Evolution Defines the deliverable A small part or component of a larger information system Is a 3 to 6 month development effort

12 Inception Phase Risk Focus – – Business Questions – –Are we building the right thing? – –Is the solution feasible? – –How Much? Outcome – –Agreement to fund

13 Elaboration Phase Risk Focus – –Architectural Questions – –What are the unknowns? – –What are the technical risks? – –How will the technical risks be mitigated? Outcome – –A stable, proven, executable architecture

14 Construction Phase Risk Focus – –Logistical Questions – –Do our assumptions and earlier decisions hold? – –Will it be done on time? – –Are the users ready? Outcome – –A useful, tested, deployable and documented solution

15 Transition Phase Risk Focus – –Roll-out Questions – –Is it acceptable? – –Is it being used? – –Can the customer maintain and further enhance the solution? Outcome – –The solution is in “actual use”

16 Unified Process Summary Reduces Risk (All Stakeholders) Reduces Risk (All Stakeholders) Large projects are broken down into “Mini Projects” Large projects are broken down into “Mini Projects” Multiple review and decision points throughout the process Multiple review and decision points throughout the process Based on the Scientific Method Based on the Scientific Method Focuses on Delivering Business Value Focuses on Delivering Business Value

17 The Book Managing Iterative Software Development Projects By Kurt Bittner Ian Spence

18 Thank you Mark Parker (800)


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