We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byElian Danforth
Modified over 2 years ago
Bop Chapter 8
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 2 A Shift to Bop a.k.a. bebop Big bands were replaced by combos New, younger players replaced those gone in the military Complexities of bop offered musicians a way to escape the commercialism of swing Offered a voice for the growing defiance in the African American culture
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 3 Bop’s changes Not intended for dancing A new repertoire A new rhythmic and harmonic complexity Quintet was favored setting More expertise required of musicians Refer to demonstration 6
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 4 Bop’s changes - continued - Most radical shift in the history of jazz Beginnings of a codified canon Jazz became a more completely concert form Set a framework for the developing jazz mainstream Emergence of the patriarchs of modern jazz
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 5 Bop arranging Complex melodies were usually played in unison One chorus of melody followed by solos and return to unison melody
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 6 Musical expansion Extended harmonies Complex harmonies –Added and substitute chords Faster tempos –More complex rhythms Tonal clashes (dissonance) New melodies to standard changes Listen to “Shaw Nuff” CD 3, track 2
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 7 Bop Rhythm Section Drums –bass and snare drums used mainly for accents –Random hits called “bombs” Piano –Changed to a chordal punctuation (comping) as pioneered by Basie –Solos in the bop melodic style Bass –More interesting non-repetitive walking lines
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 8 The performers The most important innovators were: Dizzy Gillespie, trumpet Charlie Parker, alto saxophone Thelonious Monk, Bud Powel, piano Kenny Clarke, Max Roach, drums J.J. Johnson, trombone
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 9 Dizzy Gillespie (1917-1993) Inspired by Roy Eldridge Fiery high note style Virtuoso technique Composed numerous jazz standards –ex. “A Night in Tunisia” Played opposite Charlie Parker Exuberant, humorous stage presence
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 10 Charlie “Yardbird” Parker 1920-1955 Enormously influential Grew up in Kansas City listening to Basie Came to New York in 1942 with Jay McShan Dazzling technique Interpreted every style and tempo well
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 11 Charlie Parker - continued - Wrote many important jazz standards –“Billie’s Bounce”, “Ornithology”, “Confirmation” Self destructive personality cut his career short Lasting legacy as the father of modern saxophone playing Listen to “KoKo” CD 1, track 23
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 12 Thelonious Monk 1917-1982 Talent and importance not readily recognized Played piano with Parker and Gillespie First recordings in 1947 Lost his cabaret card and thereby the ability to play in New York clubs in the 50s Wrote important and original tunes that remain part of the jazz canon Listen to “Bags Groove” CD 1, track 24
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 13 Bop and big bands When big bands added bop stylings, they were labeled as “progressive” Billy Eckstine band: –Featured many up and coming bop players in New York, and singer Sarah Vaughn –Eckstine also an excellent singer –Lack of recordings due to record bans of the mid-40s
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 14 Bop and big bands - continued - Stan Kenton –West coast pianist and composer –Accepted the progressive label Great innovator in jazz education Never compromised art for the sake of commercialism
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 15 Cubop The addition of percussionists to progressive big bands in the late 40s gave variety and freshness to their sound Dizzy Gillespie was the first with the addition of Chano Pozo Musical collaborations also occurred –Gillespie with Mario Bauza –Kenton with Machito
© 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 16 Tito Puente 1923-2000 Puente’s band combined more sophisticated harmonies with complex rhythms to further a Latin dance style called mambo Played originals, Latin hits, and jazz standards played in a Latin style Listen to “Donna Lee” CD 3, track 11
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Jazz Tenth Edition Chapter 8 PowerPoint by Sharon Ann Toman, 2004.
BeBop is the first Jazz Style that was not intended for dancing.
“a most inadequate word” that “throws up its hands in clownish self- deprecation before all the complexity of sound and rhythm and self- assertive passion.
Jazz and the American Culture An Historical Overview and Analysis By Al Underachiever.
“The Bebop Era” MUH 271. Bebop “a most inadequate word” that “throws up its hands in clownish self- deprecation before all the complexity of sound and.
Thelonious Monk The most important jazz musicians are the one who are successful in creating their own original world of music with its own rules, logic,
Jazz developed from blues, which developed from African American spirituals, work songs, field hollars, etc. Born in the South.
Jazz 1920’s to 1960’s most popular American Made Swing Style Improvisation.
Popular Styles in Jazz since the Swing Era Chapter 9.
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Jazz Tenth Edition Chapter 11 PowerPoint by Sharon Ann Toman, 2004.
19.1 Black Culture.
By Marshall Jackson and Rob Beverly. Intro. Jazz is a difficult topic to define. Formed in the early 1800s by black slaves in America, the genre has evolved.
Jazz. Shortly after the War of 1812 From New Orleans, LA Instruments included trumpets, trombones, clarinets, saxophones, and drums A mixture.
Jazz in the USA.
Jazz from the 40’s and 50’s Duke Ellington (piano, big band leader) and Johnny Hodges (alto saxophone) “Prelude to a Kiss” by Duke Ellington and Billy.
American Music History Jazz, Big Band, Swing, & R’n’B.
© 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved McGraw-Hill The World of Music 6 th edition Part 2 Listening to American Music: Folk, Religious,
John Coltrane BLUE TRAIN ( ) Despite a relatively short career, only living to the age of forty, Coltrane remains one of the most influential.
Origins of Jazz. Elements unique to jazz “style” Rhythm “swing” feel Pitch Blue notes; bent pitches Sound traditional instruments played in unusual.
JAZZ – AOS2 – SHARED MUSIC L.O - To understand the musical features found in Jazz music. To be able to learn and use the correct musical vocabulary.
2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education Music: An Appreciation 10 th Edition by Roger Kamien Part VIII Jazz.
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Jazz Tenth Edition Chapter 15 PowerPoint by Sharon Ann Toman, 2004.
History of Jazz America’s Music. What is Jazz? A musical conversation: partly planned and partly spontaneous A dialogue among the musicians who perform.
Miles Davis Quintet ‘Four’. About Davis Lived from 1926 to 1991 Regarded as the lead figure in American jazz through the 2 nd half of the 20 th century.
Jazz and Country. Jazz Lots of ex-slaves eventually settled in New Orleans, and played in the bars and clubs of the city. Usually they were in groups.
Swing Music. Swing Music was developed in the 1920’s by Benny Goodman. Swing music was far more organised than jazz that had come before. Swing music,
Harlem Renaissance. 1920s and 30s 1920s and 30s Based primarily in Harlem Based primarily in Harlem A flowering of African American art, literature, and.
JOHN COLTRANE John Coltrane was born in Hamlet, North Carolina on September 23, 1926, and grew up in High Point, North Carolina attending William Penn.
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Jazz Tenth Edition Chapter 4 PowerPoint by Sharon Ann Toman, 2004.
America’s Musical Gift to the World. Name three cities that Jazz music was popular in, during the early 1900s. Give the years in which jazz was popular.
Note Set #2: “Dixieland Jazz, Swing, and the Roles of Instruments”
The World of Music 7 th Edition Part 2 Listening to American Music: Folk, Religious, Pop, and Jazz Chapter 5: Jazz in America.
Chapter 9 Jazz.
Major events in history have shaped the development of Rock Music.
What is JAZZ? 4 th Grade Music. What do I already know about jazz?
Chapter 9 Cool/ Third Stream. © 2009 McGraw-Hill All Rights Reserved 2 Cool contrasted with Bop Understated playing style –Relaxed tempos –Subtle instrumental.
Dixieland ~New Orleans Solo vs accompaniment Jazz instruments -saxophones -trumpets -trombones -clarinets -rhythm section *piano *drums *string bass ~walking.
Famous African American Jazz Players (1900’s) By: Olivia Yates.
Bebop in the 1980’s Nakeitha Jones March 18, th grade exit project.
WAYNE COMMUNITY COLLEGE MUS Introduction to Jazz Fall, Tuesday/Thursday 5:30 – 8:30 p.m. SJAFB Library Bldg. Instructor Information Instructor:
© 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Jazz Tenth Edition Chapter 13 PowerPoint by Sharon Ann Toman, 2004.
Creating an American Artform
AOS 3 ALL BLUES MILES DAVIS. Basic facts about ALL BLUES This track is from the ALBUM KIND OF BLUES which was recorded in one take in NY in 1959 Line-up.
Bebop. Bebop or bop is a style of jazz characterized by fast tempo, instrumental virtuosity and improvisation based on the combination of harmonic structure.
THE LOS ANGELES JAZZ SOCIETY PRESENTS A Look at America’s National Treasure Developed by Dr. Thom Mason, Professor of Jazz Studies at the University of.
Jazz Quiz Review. Types of Jazz Ragtime - one of the early musical styles that contributed to the development of jazz. It combined a sixteenth-note-based.
KIND OF BLUE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGQzNsZAtCo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I21UW_hgopE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mX3K9CkORO0.
African American Musicians in American Popular Culture Presented by: Ryan Tarjanyi Jasen Dodds.
Ragtime Originated in Sedalia, MO St. Louis became the Ragtime center around 1901 General Public first exposed to Ragtime at a series of World’s Fairs.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.