Presentation on theme: "Fort Sill: Valuable Resource on the Southern Plains"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fort Sill: Valuable Resource on the Southern Plains Lesson PlanBy Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TCLibrary Media SpecialistComanche Public SchoolsComanche, Oklahoma
2 Throughout history, progress or change has had both positive and negative effects on humansand the environment. How one perceives thechange, as either good or bad, is influenced byone’s perspective or relationship to the changethat is happening.
3 Manifest Destiny was a belief widely held in the 1800s that American settlers weredestined to expand across the continent.
4 The painting American Progress in 1872 by John Gast was an The painting American Progress in 1872 by John Gast was anallegorical representation of the modernization ofthe new west.
5 George Catlin Painting 1844 This idea affected people in different ways,especially Native Americans whose landswere being encroached upon or taken.George Catlin Painting 1844Buffalo Hunt ChaseSettlers in Oklahoma1886
6 Many tribes fought back. The Indian Wars (1860-1890) Geronimo and his warriors 1886before his surrender to General CrookWhile settlers were eager and joyful at the prospect ofland ownership, native tribes fought back in what was calledthe Indian Wars ( ).Many tribes fought back.The Indian Wars ( )
8 Fort Sill – Date Unknown – Most Likely Late 1800s Fort Sill was established by Major General Philip H.Sheridan, January 8, 1869, during a massive winter campaignagainst the Indians. It is the only active Army installationbuilt during the Indian Wars that survives today.
9 1st Lieut. Henry Jackson’s, U.S. 7th Cavalry, 1st Lieut. Henry Jackson’s, U.S. 7th Cavalry,1869 Map of Indian Territory
10 The area was first visited in 1834 by the First Dragoon George Catlin PaintingComanche Warriors, with White Flag, Receiving the DragoonsThe area was first visited in 1834 by the First DragoonExpedition from Fort Gibson. Led by General HenryLeavenworth, and later Col. Henry Dodge, members of theexpedition included artist George Catlin, and 1st Lt. Jefferson Davis.
11 Forts, Camps, and Military Roads 1817 -1876 Forts, Camps, and Military Roads
12 http://upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3b/William_S Winter ofPhoto of Col. Benjamin Grierson and some of his officers at Medicine Bluff Creek. Medicine Bluff, sacred to Native Americans,can be seen in the background. Col. Grierson was Fort Sill’s first Commanding Officer.
13 Col. Benjamin Grierson was a distinguished military officer with Col. Benjamin Grierson was a distinguished military officer withmany contributions to our nation during his military career. Ofnote, he organized the 10th U.S. Cavalry (Buffalo Soldiers), supervisedthe building of Fort Sill, and saved the life of visiting GeneralWilliam Sherman during a confrontation with Kiowa warriors atFort Sill, May 27, 1871.
14 1885 view of Sherman House at Fort Sill 1885 view of Sherman House at Fort SillTraditional home of Commanding GeneralPlace where Gen. Sherman incident took place
15 Sherman House as it looks at Fort Sill today Sherman House as it looks at Fort Sill today
17 Fort Sill continued to grow. Early day photo of Fort SillFort Sill continued to grow.
18 1890s Children being sprinkled with a water 1890s Children being sprinkled with a waterHose by Lt. Tommy Tompkins, 7th Cavalry.Old Guard House
19 1896 – Children’s school held in post chapel. 1896 – Children’s school held in post chapel.
20 1890 – Kiowa & Comanche Camp near Fort Sill, Indian Territory. 1890 – Kiowa & Comanche Camp near Fort Sill, Indian Territory.
21 In its one hundred forty-four year history, Fort Sill’s mission has evolved, yet the value of its human resources remains the same.Many different individuals have spent time at Fort Silland made their mark on history. Others perhaps remained nameless,yet were just as valuable in the settlement of Indian Territory (laterOklahoma) and our nation. Though standing on both sides of theconcept of Manifest Destiny, they have each made valuablecontributions to our changing nation.
22 Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Calvary were stationed at Fort Sill. Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Calvary were stationed at Fort Sill.This is photo of Rough Rider Buffalo Soldiers in late 1890s inSpanish-American War.
23 1900 - At Fort Sill, a Dutch Reformed Church mission worker, At Fort Sill, a Dutch Reformed Church mission worker,Miss Vos, teaches kitchen work to Apache girls.
24 Poster showing continuing sales of Indian Land in the late 1890s. Poster showing continuing sales of Indian Land in the late 1890s.How might these Native Americans have felt about Manifest Destiny?
25 Comanche Chief Quanah Parker Living in a changing world pload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/43/Quanahbusiness.GIFComanche Chief Quanah ParkerLiving in a changing world
26 Star House – Home of Comanche Chief Quanah Parker Star House – Home of Comanche Chief Quanah Parkernear Fort Sill
27 Children of Quanah Parker Children of Quanah ParkerLiving in two worlds
28 Col. George A. Custer also spent time at Fort Sill. Col. George A. Custer also spent time at Fort Sill.
29 Geronimo and Son Natches Geronimo and Family at Fort Sill Geronimo and SonNatchesGeronimo and Familyat Fort SillGeronimo in 1905Automobile101 Ranch, I.T.
30 What were their contributions at Fort Sill? Cadet Henry O. FlipperSergeant I-See-OKiowa Indian ScoutCol. AlbertGallatinBooneWhat were their contributions at Fort Sill?
31 To discover how the life of an Your Assignment:To discover how the life of anindividual, or group of individuals, wasassociated with Fort Sill in the 1800s, whatcontribution they made either to the local area,Indian Territory (later Oklahoma) , or to ourNation, and what their perspective mighthave been regarding the idea ofManifest Destiny.