Presentation on theme: "Fort Sill: Valuable Resource on the Southern Plains"— Presentation transcript:
1Fort Sill: Valuable Resource on the Southern Plains Lesson PlanBy Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TCLibrary Media SpecialistComanche Public SchoolsComanche, Oklahoma
2Throughout history, progress or change has had both positive and negative effects on humansand the environment. How one perceives thechange, as either good or bad, is influenced byone’s perspective or relationship to the changethat is happening.
3Manifest Destiny was a belief widely held in the 1800s that American settlers weredestined to expand across the continent.
4The painting American Progress in 1872 by John Gast was an The painting American Progress in 1872 by John Gast was anallegorical representation of the modernization ofthe new west.
5George Catlin Painting 1844 This idea affected people in different ways,especially Native Americans whose landswere being encroached upon or taken.George Catlin Painting 1844Buffalo Hunt ChaseSettlers in Oklahoma1886
6Many tribes fought back. The Indian Wars (1860-1890) Geronimo and his warriors 1886before his surrender to General CrookWhile settlers were eager and joyful at the prospect ofland ownership, native tribes fought back in what was calledthe Indian Wars ( ).Many tribes fought back.The Indian Wars ( )
8Fort Sill – Date Unknown – Most Likely Late 1800s Fort Sill was established by Major General Philip H.Sheridan, January 8, 1869, during a massive winter campaignagainst the Indians. It is the only active Army installationbuilt during the Indian Wars that survives today.
91st Lieut. Henry Jackson’s, U.S. 7th Cavalry, 1st Lieut. Henry Jackson’s, U.S. 7th Cavalry,1869 Map of Indian Territory
10The area was first visited in 1834 by the First Dragoon George Catlin PaintingComanche Warriors, with White Flag, Receiving the DragoonsThe area was first visited in 1834 by the First DragoonExpedition from Fort Gibson. Led by General HenryLeavenworth, and later Col. Henry Dodge, members of theexpedition included artist George Catlin, and 1st Lt. Jefferson Davis.
11Forts, Camps, and Military Roads 1817 -1876 Forts, Camps, and Military Roads
12http://upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3b/William_S Winter ofPhoto of Col. Benjamin Grierson and some of his officers at Medicine Bluff Creek. Medicine Bluff, sacred to Native Americans,can be seen in the background. Col. Grierson was Fort Sill’s first Commanding Officer.
13Col. Benjamin Grierson was a distinguished military officer with Col. Benjamin Grierson was a distinguished military officer withmany contributions to our nation during his military career. Ofnote, he organized the 10th U.S. Cavalry (Buffalo Soldiers), supervisedthe building of Fort Sill, and saved the life of visiting GeneralWilliam Sherman during a confrontation with Kiowa warriors atFort Sill, May 27, 1871.
141885 view of Sherman House at Fort Sill 1885 view of Sherman House at Fort SillTraditional home of Commanding GeneralPlace where Gen. Sherman incident took place
15Sherman House as it looks at Fort Sill today Sherman House as it looks at Fort Sill today
17Fort Sill continued to grow. Early day photo of Fort SillFort Sill continued to grow.
181890s Children being sprinkled with a water 1890s Children being sprinkled with a waterHose by Lt. Tommy Tompkins, 7th Cavalry.Old Guard House
191896 – Children’s school held in post chapel. 1896 – Children’s school held in post chapel.
201890 – Kiowa & Comanche Camp near Fort Sill, Indian Territory. 1890 – Kiowa & Comanche Camp near Fort Sill, Indian Territory.
21In its one hundred forty-four year history, Fort Sill’s mission has evolved, yet the value of its human resources remains the same.Many different individuals have spent time at Fort Silland made their mark on history. Others perhaps remained nameless,yet were just as valuable in the settlement of Indian Territory (laterOklahoma) and our nation. Though standing on both sides of theconcept of Manifest Destiny, they have each made valuablecontributions to our changing nation.
22Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Calvary were stationed at Fort Sill. Buffalo Soldiers of the 10th Calvary were stationed at Fort Sill.This is photo of Rough Rider Buffalo Soldiers in late 1890s inSpanish-American War.
231900 - At Fort Sill, a Dutch Reformed Church mission worker, At Fort Sill, a Dutch Reformed Church mission worker,Miss Vos, teaches kitchen work to Apache girls.
24Poster showing continuing sales of Indian Land in the late 1890s. Poster showing continuing sales of Indian Land in the late 1890s.How might these Native Americans have felt about Manifest Destiny?
25Comanche Chief Quanah Parker Living in a changing world pload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/43/Quanahbusiness.GIFComanche Chief Quanah ParkerLiving in a changing world
26Star House – Home of Comanche Chief Quanah Parker Star House – Home of Comanche Chief Quanah Parkernear Fort Sill
27Children of Quanah Parker Children of Quanah ParkerLiving in two worlds
28Col. George A. Custer also spent time at Fort Sill. Col. George A. Custer also spent time at Fort Sill.
29Geronimo and Son Natches Geronimo and Family at Fort Sill Geronimo and SonNatchesGeronimo and Familyat Fort SillGeronimo in 1905Automobile101 Ranch, I.T.
30What were their contributions at Fort Sill? Cadet Henry O. FlipperSergeant I-See-OKiowa Indian ScoutCol. AlbertGallatinBooneWhat were their contributions at Fort Sill?
31To discover how the life of an Your Assignment:To discover how the life of anindividual, or group of individuals, wasassociated with Fort Sill in the 1800s, whatcontribution they made either to the local area,Indian Territory (later Oklahoma) , or to ourNation, and what their perspective mighthave been regarding the idea ofManifest Destiny.