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Lesson Plan By Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TC Library Media Specialist Comanche Public Schools Comanche, Oklahoma FORT SILL:

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson Plan By Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TC Library Media Specialist Comanche Public Schools Comanche, Oklahoma FORT SILL:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson Plan By Lynn Tilley, NBCT and OKAGE TC Library Media Specialist Comanche Public Schools Comanche, Oklahoma FORT SILL: VALUABLE RESOURCE ON THE SOUTHERN PLAINS

2 Throughout history, progress or change has had both positive and negative effects on humans and the environment. How one perceives the change, as either good or bad, is influenced by one’s perspective or relationship to the change that is happening.

3 Manifest Destiny was a belief widely held in the 1800s that American settlers were destined to expand across the continent.

4 The painting American Progress in 1872 by John Gast was an allegorical representation of the modernization of the new west.

5 This idea affected people in different ways, especially Native Americans whose lands were being encroached upon or taken. George Catlin Painting 1844 Buffalo Hunt Chase Settlers in Oklahoma 1886

6 While settlers were eager and joyful at the prospect of land ownership, native tribes fought back in what was called the Indian Wars ( ). Geronimo and his warriors 1886 before his surrender to General Crook Many tribes fought back. The Indian Wars ( )

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8 Fort Sill – Date Unknown – Most Likely Late 1800s Fort Sill was established by Major General Philip H. Sheridan, January 8, 1869, during a massive winter campaign against the Indians. It is the only active Army installation built during the Indian Wars that survives today.

9 1 st Lieut. Henry Jackson’s, U.S. 7 th Cavalry, 1869 Map of Indian Territory

10 The area was first visited in 1834 by the First Dragoon Expedition from Fort Gibson. Led by General Henry Leavenworth, and later Col. Henry Dodge, members of the expedition included artist George Catlin, and 1 st Lt. Jefferson Davis. George Catlin Painting Comanche Warriors, with White Flag, Receiving the Dragoons

11 Forts, Camps, and Military Roads

12 Winter of Photo of Col. Benjamin Grierson and some of his officers at Medicine Bluff Creek. Medicine Bluff, sacred to Native Americans, can be seen in the background. Col. Grierson was Fort Sill’s first Commanding Officer.

13 Col. Benjamin Grierson was a distinguished military officer with many contributions to our nation during his military career. Of note, he organized the 10 th U.S. Cavalry (Buffalo Soldiers), supervised the building of Fort Sill, and saved the life of visiting General William Sherman during a confrontation with Kiowa warriors at Fort Sill, May 27,

14 view of Sherman House at Fort Sill Traditional home of Commanding General Place where Gen. Sherman incident took place

15 Sherman House as it looks at Fort Sill today

16 Indian Territory 1869

17 Early day photo of Fort Sill Fort Sill continued to grow.

18 s Children being sprinkled with a water Hose by Lt. Tommy Tompkins, 7 th Cavalry. Old Guard House

19 – Children’s school held in post chapel.

20 – Kiowa & Comanche Camp near Fort Sill, Indian Territory.

21 In its one hundred forty-four year history, Fort Sill’s mission has evolved, yet the value of its human resources remains the same. Many different individuals have spent time at Fort Sill and made their mark on history. Others perhaps remained nameless, yet were just as valuable in the settlement of Indian Territory (later Oklahoma) and our nation. Though standing on both sides of the concept of Manifest Destiny, they have each made valuable contributions to our changing nation.

22 Buffalo Soldiers of the 10 th Calvary were stationed at Fort Sill. This is photo of Rough Rider Buffalo Soldiers in late 1890s in Spanish-American War.

23 At Fort Sill, a Dutch Reformed Church mission worker, Miss Vos, teaches kitchen work to Apache girls.

24 Poster showing continuing sales of Indian Land in the late 1890s. How might these Native Americans have felt about Manifest Destiny?

25 Comanche Chief Quanah Parker Living in a changing world

26 Star House – Home of Comanche Chief Quanah Parker near Fort Sill

27 Children of Quanah Parker Living in two worlds

28 Col. George A. Custer also spent time at Fort Sill.

29 Geronimo and Son Natches Geronimo and Family at Fort Sill Geronimo in 1905 Automobile 101 Ranch, I.T.

30 Cadet Henry O. Flipper Sergeant I-See-O Kiowa Indian Scout Col. Albert Gallatin Boone What were their contributions at Fort Sill?

31 Your Assignment: To discover how the life of an individual, or group of individuals, was associated with Fort Sill in the 1800s, what contribution they made either to the local area, Indian Territory (later Oklahoma), or to our Nation, and what their perspective might have been regarding the idea of Manifest Destiny.

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