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Sam Houston’s Government Texas History Chapter 12.

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1 Sam Houston’s Government Texas History Chapter 12

2 Houston Forms a Government Sam Houston: first President of Texas Sam Houston: first President of Texas Texas Congress designated the city of Houston as the site of the Texas capital for three years Texas Congress designated the city of Houston as the site of the Texas capital for three years

3 Texas Republic Boundaries Rio Grande River; boundary with Mexico Rio Grande River; boundary with Mexico Sabine River; eastern boundary Sabine River; eastern boundary Red River; northern boundary Red River; northern boundary Texas claimed land as far as Santa Fe in the Northwest Texas claimed land as far as Santa Fe in the Northwest

4 United States Delays Annexation Mexico refused to recognize Texas independence Mexico refused to recognize Texas independence U.S. President Jackson sent Henry Morfit to Texas. Morfit recommended against annexing Texas if it meant damaging relations with Mexico U.S. President Jackson sent Henry Morfit to Texas. Morfit recommended against annexing Texas if it meant damaging relations with Mexico

5 U.S. Recognizes Texas Republic Houston worked to convince U.S. President Jackson to recognize Texas as a nation Houston worked to convince U.S. President Jackson to recognize Texas as a nation President Jackson granted official recognition of Texas on March 3, 1837 President Jackson granted official recognition of Texas on March 3, 1837

6 European Nations Recognize TX President Houston sent J. Pinckney Henderson to negotiate treaties with France and Great Britain President Houston sent J. Pinckney Henderson to negotiate treaties with France and Great Britain European countries thought they would help limit U.S. expansion by recognizing Texas as its own republic European countries thought they would help limit U.S. expansion by recognizing Texas as its own republic

7 Native American Conflicts To stop Native American raids, President Houston enlisted the help of the Texas Rangers. To stop Native American raids, President Houston enlisted the help of the Texas Rangers.

8 Native American Conflicts Cynthia Ann Parker, a settler from Ft. Parker near present-day Groesbeck, was kidnapped by the Comanches. Cynthia Ann Parker, a settler from Ft. Parker near present-day Groesbeck, was kidnapped by the Comanches. She became the mother of the last Comanche chief, Quanah Parker She became the mother of the last Comanche chief, Quanah Parker /texasinfo/quanah.htm /texasinfo/quanah.htm

9 Texas Debt Soars Expenditures: money paid out Expenditures: money paid out Revenue: money received Revenue: money received Texas had unpaid bills for the supplies and equipment of the revolution Texas had unpaid bills for the supplies and equipment of the revolution

10 Texas Debt Soars Congress tried to provide revenue for the Republic by placing tariffs on imports and by imposing property and business taxes Congress tried to provide revenue for the Republic by placing tariffs on imports and by imposing property and business taxes Congress did NOT place tax on personal income Congress did NOT place tax on personal income

11 Lamar Becomes President Sam Houston did not seek a 2nd consecutive term as President of the Republic of Texas Sam Houston did not seek a 2nd consecutive term as President of the Republic of Texas Texas Constitution forbade Presidents from serving consecutive terms Texas Constitution forbade Presidents from serving consecutive terms Mirabeau Lamar: Vice President under Houston Mirabeau Lamar: Vice President under Houston

12 President Lamar Improving education was an important goal Improving education was an important goal “Father of Education” in Texas “Father of Education” in Texas

13 Capital of Republic City of Houston served as capital for first three years of the Republic City of Houston served as capital for first three years of the Republic President Lamar wanted to expand Texas westward President Lamar wanted to expand Texas westward 1839, capital moved west to village of Waterloo on the Colorado River; town renamed Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin 1839, capital moved west to village of Waterloo on the Colorado River; town renamed Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin

14 Native American Policy President Lamar reversed former President Houston’s policy toward Cherokee settlements in East Texas President Lamar reversed former President Houston’s policy toward Cherokee settlements in East Texas Lamar ordered the Cherokees removed from Texas Lamar ordered the Cherokees removed from Texas

15 Native American Policy Council House Fight Council House Fight Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, attacked Anglo settlers to avenge the deaths during the Council House Fight Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, attacked Anglo settlers to avenge the deaths during the Council House Fight

16 Texas Rebuilds Navy Lamar hoped Mexico would recognize Texas Lamar hoped Mexico would recognize Texas Navy aided rebels in Yucatan who were fighting for independence from Mexico Navy aided rebels in Yucatan who were fighting for independence from Mexico

17 Santa Fe Expedition Lamar send expedition to control region and open trade Lamar send expedition to control region and open trade Expedition suffered hardships: heat, lack of water and food, attacks by Native Americans Expedition suffered hardships: heat, lack of water and food, attacks by Native Americans

18 Financial Difficulties Indian wars were costly Indian wars were costly Increased size of Texas navy Increased size of Texas navy “redbacks” worth 15 cents on the dollar “redbacks” worth 15 cents on the dollar Texas debt rose to $7 million under Lamar Texas debt rose to $7 million under Lamar

19 Houston Regains Presidency Mexican troops invaded Texas in response to the failed Santa Fe expedition Mexican troops invaded Texas in response to the failed Santa Fe expedition President Houston wanted to save archives, or official documents by moving them President Houston wanted to save archives, or official documents by moving them

20 Archive War Government officials tried to move archives from Austin. Government officials tried to move archives from Austin. Archives and capital remained in Austin. Archives and capital remained in Austin.

21 Treaty of 1844 Treaty between Republic of Texas and U.S. Treaty between Republic of Texas and U.S. Texas became a territory of the U.S. Texas became a territory of the U.S. U.S. would pay all debts of the Republic U.S. would pay all debts of the Republic

22 U.S. Considers TX Annexation Although Texas was now a U.S. territory, President John Tyler asked Congress to reconsider the annexation of Texas as a state Although Texas was now a U.S. territory, President John Tyler asked Congress to reconsider the annexation of Texas as a state

23 U.S. President Polk James Polk became U.S. President in 1844 James Polk became U.S. President in 1844 His election showed that most American voters wanted to annex Texas as a state His election showed that most American voters wanted to annex Texas as a state

24 Manifest Destiny Many Americans believed that the United States would expand from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean Many Americans believed that the United States would expand from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean “Manifest Destiny” “Manifest Destiny”

25 Texas Annexation 1845 joint resolution of U.S. Congress 1845 joint resolution of U.S. Congress Anson Jones, last president of Texas, and Texas Congress met in special session to approve annexation Anson Jones, last president of Texas, and Texas Congress met in special session to approve annexation Feb. 19, 1846: Texas officially became the 28 th state in the U.S. Feb. 19, 1846: Texas officially became the 28 th state in the U.S.

26 Review President Houston did not run for a 2 nd consecutive term because President Houston did not run for a 2 nd consecutive term because a. He was a weak leader b. Lamar was against him c. Texas Constitution forbade it

27 Review President Houston did not run for a 2 nd consecutive term because President Houston did not run for a 2 nd consecutive term because a. He was a weak leader b. Lamar was against him c. Texas Constitution forbade it

28 Review Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, attacked Anglo settlers to Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, attacked Anglo settlers to a. Avenge the deaths during the Council House Fight b. Bring about peace with Texas c. Prevent the encroachment of white settlers on their lands

29 Review Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, attacked Anglo settlers to Comanches, led by Buffalo Hump, attacked Anglo settlers to a. Avenge the deaths during the Council House Fight b. Bring about peace with Texas c. Prevent the encroachment of white settlers on their lands

30 Review This U.S. President granted official recognition of Texas on March 3, 1837 This U.S. President granted official recognition of Texas on March 3, 1837 a. President Jefferson b. President Jackson c. President Lamar

31 Review This U.S. President granted official recognition of Texas on March 3, 1837 This U.S. President granted official recognition of Texas on March 3, 1837 a. President Jefferson b. President Jackson c. President Lamar

32 Review Santa Fe Expedition endured all of these hardships EXCEPT Santa Fe Expedition endured all of these hardships EXCEPT a. Heat b. Native American attacks c. Malaria

33 Review Santa Fe Expedition endured all of these hardships EXCEPT Santa Fe Expedition endured all of these hardships EXCEPT a. Heat b. Native American attacks c. Malaria

34 Review Henry Morfit’s report to President Jackson recommended Henry Morfit’s report to President Jackson recommended a. Statehood for Texas b. Delaying recognition of Texas c. Texas annexation to the U.S.

35 Review Henry Morfit’s report to President Jackson recommended Henry Morfit’s report to President Jackson recommended a. Statehood for Texas b. Delaying recognition of Texas c. Texas annexation to the U.S.

36 Review All of the following were provisions of the 1844 treaty EXCEPT All of the following were provisions of the 1844 treaty EXCEPT a. Texas would become a U.S. state b. Texas would become a U.S. territory c. U.S. would pay all debts of the Republic of Texas

37 Review All of the following were provisions of the 1844 treaty EXCEPT All of the following were provisions of the 1844 treaty EXCEPT a. Texas would become a U.S. state b. Texas would become a U.S. territory c. U.S. would pay all debts of the Republic of Texas

38 Review The last President of Texas was The last President of Texas was a. Anson Jones b. Andrew Jackson c. Sam Houston

39 Review The last President of Texas was The last President of Texas was a. Anson Jones b. Andrew Jackson c. Sam Houston

40 Review Texas Navy aided rebels in Yucatan who were Texas Navy aided rebels in Yucatan who were a. Invading the United States b. Traveling to California c. Fighting for independence from Mexico

41 Review Texas Navy aided rebels in Yucatan who were Texas Navy aided rebels in Yucatan who were a. Invading the United States b. Traveling to California c. Fighting for independence from Mexico

42 Review Texas Congress took all these steps to provide revenue for the republic EXCEPT Texas Congress took all these steps to provide revenue for the republic EXCEPT a. Impose property and business taxes b. Place a tariff on various good imported into Texas c. Place a tax on personal income

43 Review Texas Congress took all these steps to provide revenue for the republic EXCEPT Texas Congress took all these steps to provide revenue for the republic EXCEPT a. Impose property and business taxes b. Place a tariff on various good imported into Texas c. Place a tax on personal income

44 Review A major reason for delaying Texas annexation was A major reason for delaying Texas annexation was a. Slavery had been abolished b. Texas had huge debts c. Mexico refused to recognize Texas independence

45 Review A major reason for delaying Texas annexation was A major reason for delaying Texas annexation was a. Slavery had been abolished b. Texas had huge debts c. Mexico refused to recognize Texas independence

46 Review Expenditures are ________; Revenues are _____. Expenditures are ________; Revenues are _____. a. Money received; money paid out b. Money paid out; money received c. Taxes; tariffs

47 Review Expenditures are ________; Revenues are _____. Expenditures are ________; Revenues are _____. a. Money received; money paid out b. Money paid out; money received c. Taxes; tariffs

48 Review Who was the person who traveled to Great Britain and France to negotiate treaties? Who was the person who traveled to Great Britain and France to negotiate treaties? a. J. Pinckney Henderson b. Sam Houston c. Anson Jones

49 Review Who was the person who traveled to Great Britain and France to negotiate treaties? Who was the person who traveled to Great Britain and France to negotiate treaties? a. J. Pinckney Henderson b. Sam Houston c. Anson Jones

50 Review At the end of President Lamar’s term, the Republic’s public debt was At the end of President Lamar’s term, the Republic’s public debt was a. $5 million b. $7 million c. $10 million

51 Review At the end of President Lamar’s term, the Republic’s public debt was At the end of President Lamar’s term, the Republic’s public debt was a. $5 million b. $7 million c. $10 million

52 Review As a result of the Archives War, As a result of the Archives War, a. The capital remained in Austin b. Many people fled to San Antonio c. Lamar was elected President of the Republic

53 Review As a result of the Archives War, As a result of the Archives War, a. The capital remained in Austin b. Many people fled to San Antonio c. Lamar was elected President of the Republic

54 Review Improving education was an important goal for Texas president Improving education was an important goal for Texas president a. Sam Houston b. Mirabeau Lamar c. Anson Jones

55 Review Improving education was an important goal for Texas president Improving education was an important goal for Texas president a. Sam Houston b. Mirabeau Lamar c. Anson Jones

56 Review Improving education was an important goal for Texas president Improving education was an important goal for Texas president a. Sam Houston b. Mirabeau Lamar c. Anson Jones

57 Review To stop raids by Native Americans, President Houston enlisted the help of the To stop raids by Native Americans, President Houston enlisted the help of the a. Texas Rangers b. Texas Army c. Spanish

58 Review To stop raids by Native Americans, President Houston enlisted the help of the To stop raids by Native Americans, President Houston enlisted the help of the a. Texas Rangers b. Texas Army c. Spanish

59 Review The victory of James Polk as U.S. President in 1844 may have indicated that The victory of James Polk as U.S. President in 1844 may have indicated that a. Texans were not interested in annexation b. Only Great Britain stood in the way of Texas annexation c. Most Americans favored the annexation of Texas

60 Review The victory of James Polk as U.S. President in 1844 may have indicated that The victory of James Polk as U.S. President in 1844 may have indicated that a. Texans were not interested in annexation b. Only Great Britain stood in the way of Texas annexation c. Most Americans favored the annexation of Texas

61 Review The girl kidnapped from Parker’s Fort in raids by the Comanches and Kiowas was The girl kidnapped from Parker’s Fort in raids by the Comanches and Kiowas was a. Cynthia Ann Parker b. Cynthia Marie Parker c. Cynthia Ann Jones

62 Review The girl kidnapped from Parker’s Fort in raids by the Comanches and Kiowas was The girl kidnapped from Parker’s Fort in raids by the Comanches and Kiowas was a. Cynthia Ann Parker b. Cynthia Marie Parker c. Cynthia Ann Jones

63 Review Manifest Destiny was the belief that Manifest Destiny was the belief that a. War with Mexico was inevitable b. The U.S. would expand from coast to coast c. Slavery was a necessary evil

64 Review Manifest Destiny was the belief that Manifest Destiny was the belief that a. War with Mexico was inevitable b. The U.S. would expand from coast to coast c. Slavery was a necessary evil

65 Review The first President of Texas was ______; the “Father of Texas” was __________. The first President of Texas was ______; the “Father of Texas” was __________. a. Sam Houston; Stephen F. Austin b. Stephen F. Austin; Moses Austin c. Mirabeau Lamar; Stephen F. Austin

66 Review The first President of Texas was ______; the “Father of Texas” was __________. The first President of Texas was ______; the “Father of Texas” was __________. a. Sam Houston; Stephen F. Austin b. Stephen F. Austin; Moses Austin c. Mirabeau Lamar; Stephen F. Austin

67 Review This U.S. President first asked Congress to reconsider the annexation of Texas as a U.S. state This U.S. President first asked Congress to reconsider the annexation of Texas as a U.S. state a. James Polk b. Andrew Jackson c. John Tyler

68 Review This U.S. President first asked Congress to reconsider the annexation of Texas as a U.S. state This U.S. President first asked Congress to reconsider the annexation of Texas as a U.S. state a. James Polk b. Andrew Jackson c. John Tyler

69 Review President Lamar was pleased the capital of Texas was moved to President Lamar was pleased the capital of Texas was moved to a. Austin b. Houston c. San Antonio

70 Review President Lamar was pleased the capital of Texas was moved to President Lamar was pleased the capital of Texas was moved to a. Austin b. Houston c. San Antonio

71 Review The capital of Texas for three years was The capital of Texas for three years was a. Houston b. Austin c. San Antonio

72 Review The capital of Texas for three years was The capital of Texas for three years was a. Houston b. Austin c. San Antonio

73 Review Texas wanted to claim this trading center on the Upper Rio Grande River; this city was the farthest north in the Republic Texas wanted to claim this trading center on the Upper Rio Grande River; this city was the farthest north in the Republic a. San Antonio b. San Angelo c. Santa Fe

74 Review Texas wanted to claim this trading center on the Upper Rio Grande River; this city was the farthest north in the Republic Texas wanted to claim this trading center on the Upper Rio Grande River; this city was the farthest north in the Republic a. San Antonio b. San Angelo c. Santa Fe

75 Review Texas no longer includes this town; these boundaries are the same today as during the days of the Republic Texas no longer includes this town; these boundaries are the same today as during the days of the Republic a. San Angelo; Red River, Brazos River, Rio Grande b. Santa Fe; Red River, Sabine River, Rio Grande c. Santa Clara; Brazos River, Canadian River, Rio Grande

76 Review Texas no longer includes this town; these boundaries are the same today as during the days of the Republic Texas no longer includes this town; these boundaries are the same today as during the days of the Republic a. San Angelo; Red River, Brazos River, Rio Grande b. Santa Fe; Red River, Sabine River, Rio Grande c. Santa Clara; Brazos River, Canadian River, Rio Grande

77 Good Luck on the Test!!


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