Presentation on theme: "Rabies in the Domestic Dog Population Response in a Rural West Texas Town Kathy Parker Zoonosis Control Branch."— Presentation transcript:
Rabies in the Domestic Dog Population Response in a Rural West Texas Town Kathy Parker Zoonosis Control Branch
Upton County Towns: Mc Camey, Rankin & Midkiff Rocky land in the Edwards Plateau (Flat in the Northern portions rolling, hilly landscape). Numerous small lakes that drain into the tributaries of the Middle Concho and Pecos Rivers.
Rankin Pop. 800 County Seat Oil related business/ ranching Hospital No Veterinarian Part-time Animal Control
Rural West Attitudes Animals work … People are use to rabies … “The Hydrophobia” Vets … are too expensive, unnecessary and a waste of money. shoot it and let it lay. “Well … fine … if my dog dies of rabies I won’t have to feed it anymore” “You can’t make me vaccinate my dogs …their mine!” “My dog is full blooded chow isn’t he protected from rabies?” “He can’t have rabies … he’s not acting like Cujo … he’s real friendly”
So … What’s the problem? Upton mostly reported skunk cases. 1980 - 14 cases and those were mostly skunk.
Oh …that’s A problem! By End of December 2006 we would have 16 rabies cases and most of those would be the texas fox variant of rabies. We also had an increase of clinically suspicious cases in/around the city of Mc Camey.
Mc Camey – 8/14/06 Two rabid FoxES Euthanasia options - two dogs - nine cats Quarantine: 90-day (one dog) Variant: Texas Fox
Domestic Dog - 1 Muffin - Heeler/Pit, six month old, no vaccinations Onset 09/26/06 Lethargic Anorexic increased Temp Hind limb paralysis Excessive salivation Vocalization Death – 09/29/06
Additional Info … Porcupine quills Skunk exposure – three weeks prior Pet exposures: one dog – euthanasia Human exposures : - 11 people evaluated - 3 people took PEP ( 4/2/2) Rabies Positive Variant – Texas Fox *** Media started –
“That Animal Ain’t Right” October stories … Increased number of calls - Fox attacking oilfield trucks - 2 foxes(10/10-13) and 1 raccoon(10/16) – *** leads to our next rabid dog
Domestic Dog - 2 Gypsy – pointer mix, three years old, no vaccination Third litter of puppies Town stray 10/19 – Gypsy/puppies (4), two kittens(3 months) were picked up By AC Taken to Fort stockton Veterinarian for euth
The Story continues … AC decided that there were no real exposures to the animals 10/26 – all four puppies and the two kittens were adopted out. 10/29 – Veterinarian calls … Gypsy is sick. - Feverish, lame on her right front leg – dermatitis
And Continues … Retrieve all the puppies and kittens and Decide their final disposition 10/30 – anorexic vocalization falling down 104.6 T *** starts antibiotic treatment
And Continues … 10/31 - Recumbent with head bent back along dorsum - Struggles to rise / falls over - Front limbs knuckle in at the carpus - Can get up on her back limbs - Hypersensitive to sound / air - Muscle tremors - 104.9 - 99.0 Continued Antibiotic treatment …
And it Ends … 11/1/06 – 91.0 temperature - still responsive - wags tail Continues antibiotic treatment & LRS *** 11/2/06 – DIC 11/3/06 – Rabies positive Texas Fox variant
Domestic Dog - 3 Baxter – Yorkshire terrier, 10 months, no vaccinations, uncastrated Free roaming Extremely friendly 12/4/06 – AC calls for advice regarding aggressive family terrier.
Where In the world is Baxter? Recommended veterinary observation. He had already fought with family and neighborhood canines. He had already bitten three people (one adult and two children 11/30 & 12/2). He had a nickname … “The Licker” Its raining raccoons
Baxter Story Continues … 12/4 - aggressive - anorexic - hind limbs are very stiff - later in the day … back begins to hunch up - lymph nodes enlarged - increased phlegm in throat – hacking - foul breath - excited to lucid *** Antibiotic treatment is started
Baxter Story Continues … 12/5 – diarrhea, - ataxic - odd prancing gaits - hind limbs slide out or he falls over - aggressive - hypersensitive Later in the afternoon … DIC … sample sent *** 12/6 – Rabies positive – Texas Fox
Additional Info … Exposures: - Animals: - Five dogs quarantined, Five destroyed - One cat quarantined, six destroyed - People: - 48 people interviewed - 14 people took PEP (Ages - 14 months to 50y) - Most were children - Five separate families
McCamey/rankin handbaiting ORVP ends 1/27 1/31- handbaiting begins Three teams, maps Distributed – 907 baits(Mccamey), 451 baits(rankin) State agencies, county and city personnel Oops …another Tf out of the zone