Presentation on theme: "Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20151 Chapter 2: History and Business."— Presentation transcript:
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20151 Chapter 2: History and Business
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20152 Demands for Businesses are the Product of the Times u Postwar years (1945–55) u Growth years (1955–70) u Time of Trouble (1970–80) u International Era (1980–90) u Now in a global era (1990–now)
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20153 Postwar Era (1945–55) u Reconstruction worldwide u Pent-up demand u U.S. one of few able to meet demand u Characterized by –emphasis on supply/demand –Efficiency –Production and distribution issues
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20154 The Growth Years (1955–70) u Growth via international expansion becomes a priority for firms from more nations, particularly Europe and Japan. u Developing economies no longer willing to be developed, want organizations to play more active development roles. u Managerial challenges: –Political risk analysis –Centralized ownership and control.
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20155 Time of Trouble (1970s) u Watershed years u Growing nationalism u Business roles rejected u Need to look beyond domestic concerns u Managerial tasks: –How to be international, ways and means –Monitoring activities outside home country –More strategic in thinking.
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20156 New International Era (1980–90) u New ways to use resources u Multiple business actors u Increasing speed of activity u Managerial challenges: –Structural shifts –New emphasis on processes, e.g., information systems.
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20157 Global Era (1990–now) u Amorphous borderlessness in all spheres of activity. u A rapid and discontinuous rate of change. u Increased complexity and uncertainty. u Growing numbers of and diversity among participants in global events.
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20158 Global Enterprises u Well-known multi- and transnational businesses –Public holding –Private holding u Global start ups/born globals u Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) u Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) u Cross-sector alliances u Global gangs and terrorism
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/20159 Adopt a Broad Sense of What Globalization is and What it Means u Globalization includes increased permeability of boundaries of almost every kind, including fairly tangible physical borders such as time and space, nation- states and economies, industries and organizations and less tangible borders such as cultural norms or assumptions about "how we do things around here."
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/ In Your Groups u Prepare and report to the class: –What are the distinguishing characteristics of this type of global enterprise? –What makes it global rather than domestic? –Provide some examples of this kind of enterprise.
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/ Implications for Managing a Particular Organization A growing need to transcend external boundaries as well as internal borders, barriers, and boundaries to action.
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/ Arthur Andersen, 1999 study of the global leader (Institute for Strategic Change) u Thinks globally u Recognizes opportunities u Creates a shared vision by developing and empowering people u Appreciates cultural diversity u Builds teamwork and partnerships u Embraces changes u Shows technical savvy u Lives the values espoused
Barbara Parker, Seattle University4/30/ What Does this Mean to You? u Heads up in terms of time and place and where you and various management schemes “fit” vis-à-vis globalization.