Presentation on theme: "Al-Saadiq Anecdotes and sayings Part Two"— Presentation transcript:
1Al-Saadiq Anecdotes and sayings Part Two By A.S. Hashim. MD
2About this slide show: This slide show deals with: Al-Saadiq during his Imamah worksThe Institute of Ahlul BaytMany of his sayingsIncidents and AnecdotesZiyarah for him with its translation
3During Al-Saadiq’s Imamah The institute of Ahlul Bayt at its zenithUp to 4,000 scholars graduate during his ImamahGraduates write about 400 books Al-Usool Al-Arba’mi’ah الأصول ألأربعمائهNumerous knowledge seekers traveled from far away (and lived in Medina) to attend his discoursesHe argued with the Kharijis (deviators) and Ghulaat (exaggerationists) and all other deviant groups.
4The Golden Chain of Narration Thousands of Hadiths were narrated and quoted through Ja'far Al‑Saadiq. He often said, "My Hadith is the Hadith of my father, and his is the Hadith of his father, up to Ali, who directly narrated the Hadith from Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)." This is called the Golden Chain of Narration.These Hadiths were of immense importance, since they corrected the inaccuracies and set right the contaminations which had crept into this science.
5Chain of Quoting Hadith and other Information The Golden Chain of Narration
6The Institute: holding discourses Discourses used to be held at:Al-Saadiq’s HomeMasjid Al-NabawiMecca during HajDiscourses consisted of:Answering questions, quoting Hadith, Tafseer, Matters pertaining to Fiqh and many others
7Sites of Discourses Discources 1. Al-Saadiq’s Home 2. Masjid Al-Nabawi 3. Mecca during Haj
8The Institute: To seek his knowledge To seek his knowledge people came hundreds or thousands of miles from:KufaBasraQumYemenSyriaEgypt and many moreMany made their home in Medina for the sake of studying at Al-Saadiq’s hands
10The Institute: The Students Students became Muj’tahid مجتهد , many formed their own School of Thought (Madh’habs):Abu HanifaAnas Ibn MalikSufyan Al-ThawriIbn Uyai’naAl-Awza’iSome of these Schools of Thought survived till today, other perished after 1-3 centuries, for lack of government support
11The Institute: The Students The core were Shi’a, close, devotees, specialThey were the Special who wrote books, led discussions, argued, activistsThese were the activists who even practiced the methodology to argue and present their point of viewMajority were not Shi'a, they were Aammah (general public):Some were scholarly whose teachings later formed Madh’habs, such as Abu Hanifa and MalikOthers attended just to learn
12Al-Maaliki about Al-Saadiq "I used to attend discourses given by Ja'far Al‑Saadiq, who most of the time had a cheerful look and serene countenance, but whenever the Prophet's (pbuh) name was mentioned his color would immediately change becoming pale in of awe Him.I frequently attended his discourses over a long period of time and often saw him either praying, fasting, or reading the Holy Quran. I never saw him talking about Allah's Messenger (pbuh) without him being in a state of Wudu.Al‑Saadiq never spoke about anything of no concern to him [meaning Al‑Saadiq did not engage in insignificant talk about others]. Al‑Saadiq was a pious and devout man, who donated himself to Allah.لقد كنت آتي جعفر بن محمد فكان كثير التبسُّم فإذا ذُكِر النبي (ص) تغير لونه،وقد اختلفتُ إليه زماناً فما كنتُ أراه إلا على إحدي ثلاث خِصالإما مصلياً وإما صائماً وإما يقرأ القرآنوما رأيتهُ يُحدِّثُ عن رسول الله إلا وهو على طهارة ولا يتكلم في ما لا يعنيهوكان من العباد الرهاد الذين يخشون الله
13Training in the Art of Argument Al‑Saadiq would form groups to train in the art of argument. Many of his students became famous and known for their convincing ways, such as:Hisham, Sufyan Al-Thauri, Ibn U'yainah, and Mu'min Al‑Taaq to name a few.Disputes often rose between different scholars and Imam Al‑Saadiq himself corrected them. These scholars came from many countries to verify or make clear their course of thought.Some did it to show off, especially the Atheists (Zandeeqs). (Example: Ibn Muqaf'fa and Ibn Aw'jaa.) It is to the credit of Al‑Saadiq and his scholarly students that they were quite successful in steering many of these errant people back to authentic Islam.
14The Institute at its Zenith During Al-Saadiq’s time, 4,000 Scholars attended his Discourses.These Scholars wrote 400 booksThe 400 books were written during his life and afterwards, up to 200H.The graph shows growth pattern
15Of the 4,000 Al-Saadiq’s Students: Ibn Uqda إبن عقده and Najm Al-Deen in his book Al-Mu’tabar : المعتبرNames the 4,000 student-scholars who attended the instituteBook (Al-Mu’tabar) was written at end of 2nd Century HIbn Uqda was Shafi’iSahih Bukhari quotes 70 of Al-Saadiq’s student-scholarsAl-Sihaah Al-Sittah quote 300 of Al-Saadiq’s student-scholarsNames of these students are in Book Al-Ghadeer, by Amini
16The Institute of Ahlul Bayt Al-Saadiq: The Greatest Personality the 2nd Islamic Century Produced4000 Scholars tutoredThe 400 Books of UsoolAbu Hanifa and Malik ibn AnasQuranic Sciences and TafseerHadith and Ah’kaamTheological Logic, Philosophy, and other subjects
17Al-Saadiq argued with men of Ideologies IdeologyTheir beliefThe GhulaatExaggerationistsKharijiDeviatorsMurji'ahPostpone it to GodMu'tazilaTheological LogicJabriahAbsolute Predestination believersQadariyahAbsolute Free‑will believersThe ZandeeqsAgnostics
18The Institute: SUBJECTS TAUGHT The Quran and its TafseerFiqh and JurisprudenceHadithPhilosophyScience of KalaamChemistryBiologyThe study of Arabic LanguageSeerah of the Prophetencouraged his students to write and author books for the benefit of others
19Subjects Taught The Quran and its Tafseer Fiqh and Jurisprudence Science of HadithPhilosophyScience of Kalaam (Theological Logic)ChemistryBiologyThe study of Arabic LanguageSeerah of the Prophetencouraged his students to write and author books for the benefit of others
20Books written by Al-Saadiq’s Students 400 books were writtenCalled the Usool Al-Arba’mi’a الأصول الأربعمائهWere written during Al-Saadiq’s lifetime and throughout 50 years afterwards, up to 200H.Were the basis of Shi’a Hadith CollectionsKaafi, الكافيMan La Yah’dhrhu al-Faqeeh من لا يحضره الفقيهetc.)Tah'dheeb Al-Ah'kaam تهذيب الأحكامIstib’sar الإستبصار ,After Mongol invasion of Baghdad, we assume these books were destroyedStudents like Hisham هشام wrote more than 20 books, and so did Ibn Taaq إبن الطاق
21Classification of Fiqh, Warfare, Tradition of Muhammad Jurisprudence, (Al-Saadiq and the four Madh'habs, Asad Haidar, Vol. 2, Page 401.) Students of Al-Saadiq had writtenMeanings of the Quran,Book of Readings,400 books of Usool,Classification of Fiqh,Warfare,Tradition of MuhammadJurisprudence,Being a Judge,Tafseer,Al‑Tawhid,Imamah,Rebuttal of the Zandeeq (Disbelievers),Biography of the ProphetKnowledge and Comprehension,Science of Kalaam (Logic and philosophy),Rebuttal of Mu'tazila,Moral purity, among many other writings.
22Al-Saadiq about Karbala Al-Saadiq stressed on people to:hold Majlis on the anniversary of Karbala,visit the tomb of Imam Al‑Husain,understand the endeavor of Imam Al‑Husain, andunderstand and emulate the works of Imam Al‑Husain.It is said that he himself visited the tomb of Ali and Al‑Husain, perhaps more than once.
23Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings Enjoining good and forbidding evil should be practiced with a faithful believer that he would learn a lesson, or an ignorant that he would earn. Enjoining good and forbidding evil become surely worthless when they are applied to the powerful tyrants.As some people showed ingratitude for Allah's graces, He changed the graces into crises. As other people showed steadfastness against the misfortunes that inflicted them, Allah changed the misfortunes into graces.An actual believer is that whose sexual appetite does not overcome him and whose stomach does not shame him.A twenty-year friendship is kinship.Favors should be done only to the highborn or the religious. Those who show gratitude are very few.
24Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings Imam al-Saadiq (AS) was asked about personality, he answered: Personality stands for what Allah should not see you in situations against which He warned, and miss you in situations of which He ordered.Thank him who did you favor, and confer upon him who thanked you. Graces that are shown gratitude will not be removed while those that are shown ingratitude will not persist. Thanks increase the graces and saves against dearth.To miss a need is better than asking it from other than its people. Bad mannerism in a misfortune is more catastrophic than the misfortune itself.
25Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings The (Faithful) believer should enjoy eight characters;he should be venerable in shaking situations,steadfast against misfortunes,thankful in luxury,satisfied with what Allah has decided to him,avoid oppressing the enemies,avoid over tasking the associates,should fatigue his body, andmake people feel glad with him.As for those who practice without guidance, they are like him who walks without choosing a definite path. The more he walks, the remoter he becomes.
26Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings He who recognizes Allah accurately will fear Him. He who fears Allah accurately will disregard the sinful pleasures.The Divine Throne will be shaken when one makes Allah the witness of a false matter.Favor is well-known, except its reward, and nothing is better than doing favor.The most effective soldiers of Eblis are women and rage.The world is the believer's jail, patience is his fortress, and Paradise is his abode. The world is the disbeliever's paradise, grave is his jail, and Hell is his abode.
27Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings Whenever you see a servant of Allah pursuing people's flaws and neglecting his own flaws, you should then realize that he has been trapped (by the Shaitan).The server of food who thanks Allah for so doing will be rewarded just as those who fast just for gaining the rewards of Allah, and the individual who is cured and thanks Allah for curing him will be rewarded just as the diseased one who is steadfast against that disease (for the sake of Allah).You should not trust the betrayer after you had tested him and you should not accuse him whom you trusted.Fear of Allah is sufficient knowledge and deceit is sufficient ignorance.
28Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings Everything has its tax and the tax of knowledge is to teach it to people.Friendship is nil unless its limits are kept. He who does not keep these limits should not be regarded as friend.The first limit is that the inner self and the appearance should be identical.The second limit is that the friend should regard your goodness as his goodness and your evil as his evil.The third limit of friendship is that a position or fortunes should not change the friend's relation with his friends.The fourth limit is that the friend should not deprive his friend of anything that he is capable of doing.The fifth limit which is the most comprehensive is that the friend should never leave his friend alone in calamities.
29Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings There is no difference between depositing a trust with a betrayer or a negligent.You should regard him who became angry with you three times without addressing any bad saying to you as a true friend.The believer is strange in this world. He should not feel worry of its humility and should not compete with its people for gaining its honor.Allah surely disdains the oppressive wealthy man.Rage eliminates the intelligence of the wise. He who cannot control his rage will not be able to control his mind.The most effective soldiers of Eblis are women and rage.
30Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings Morals are of two forms: one is intent while the other is nature. Imam al-Saadiq (AS) was asked, "Which of them is better than the other?" He answered: The intentional morals are better than the natural, because the owner of natural morals cannot change them, while the owner of the intentional morals is preserving the acts of obedience (to Allah).The actual generous charitable individual is that who spends his wealth for fulfilling the rights of Allah.You should know that I will fulfill the trust of even the killer of Imam Ali if he deposits something with me or seeks my advice of consultation.
31Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings Allah gives the worldly pleasures to those whom He loves as well as those whom He dislikes, while He gives the faith only to whom He selects among the creatures.Bad-temperedness, bad humor, envy, obduracy, fabrication and oppression these six characters should never be in the believers behavior.The believer should live between two apprehensions: the past sin that he does not know what Allah will do about it, and the days ahead that he does not know what misfortunes he will encounter during them. Thus, the believer begins his day with apprehension and ends his day fearfully. Except for apprehension, nothing mends the believer.
32Selections of Al-Saadiq’s Sayings If a believer leaves behind a sheet of paper on which some knowledge is written, this very sheet of paper will serve as a wall between him and the Hell and against each letter written on it, Allah will give him a city in a paradise seven times this world.If the sins of a believer were as much as the sand in the desert and the froth of the sea, Allah would forgive them all; but do not become bold (in sinning, mistaking His mercy for weakness).Daughters are advantages and sons are graces. You will be rewarded for the advantages and asked about the graces.
34Ziyarah of Al‑Saadiq in Baqi’i Peace be upon you O Leaders of Guidance; Peace be upon you O Masters of Piety,Peace be upon you O Proofs of Allah on the people of the earth;Peace be upon you who were Steadfast in dealing with justice.Peace be upon you O people of the Chosen One.Peace be upon you the Family of the Prophet of Allah,Peace be upon you O people whose souls converse to the Almighty,I bear witness that you had Proclaimed and Advised and had Persevered for the sake of AllahAnd that you were belied and mistreated, yet you forgaveAnd I bear witness that you are the rightly guided leaders; and that obedience to you is incumbent and that your speech is correct and you had invited to the Truth but were not answered and you commanded but were not followed……
36Du’aa for Al‑SaadiqO Allah! Bless Ja'far ibn Muhammad Al-Saadiq, the treasurer of knowledge, who called people unto Thee by Thy evident Truth and Light,O Lord! As Thou established him as the erudite to teach Thy words and Thy Revelation, to preserve Thy knowledge, and to make known Thy Oneness, to administer Thy commands, and to protect Thy Religion, So, bless him, with more blessings than Thou had bestowed upon any of Thy close friends, and Thy demonstrators, verily You are most Praiseworthy and Mighty.
37In ConclusionAl-Saadiq: Al-Saadiq is the father of most Madh’habs in Islam.Discussed in this Slide Show:The biggest authority in all Islamic sciencesThe Institute of Ahlul Bayt was at its highest4000 scholars attended the InstituteHis Du’aas and Sayings are the guiding lightHe left a remarkable legacy and teachings
38For Details Go to: Islamicbooks.info then choose: Series of Islamic Books:Life of Ahlul Bayt Vol. II
39Thank you and May God Bless you. Be in Allah’s CareThank you and May God Bless you.Dr. A.S. Hashim