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Night by Elie Wiesel copyright 1958. How to Write a Good Journal Entry… You are usually given a journal prompt … turn that prompt into your topic sentence.

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Presentation on theme: "Night by Elie Wiesel copyright 1958. How to Write a Good Journal Entry… You are usually given a journal prompt … turn that prompt into your topic sentence."— Presentation transcript:

1 Night by Elie Wiesel copyright 1958

2 How to Write a Good Journal Entry… You are usually given a journal prompt … turn that prompt into your topic sentence. For example: What do you know about the Holocaust? Most of what I’ve learned about the Holocaust came from our trip to the National Holocaust Museum for our eighth grade field trip. I know very little about the Holocaust. I know I should know more about the Holocaust than I do, but I do know the main ideas.

3 How to Write a Good Journal Entry… The second step involves supporting your topic sentence… if you know, then clarify what you know. Most of what I’ve learned about the Holocaust came from our trip to the National Holocaust Museum for our eighth grade field trip. During that trip, I learned that millions of not only Jews, but handicapped, foreigners, gypsies, and blacks were killed to cleanse Germany of undesirables. I learned that personal objects such as shoes and suitcases and hair was collected to feed the war machine. I also learned that the chances of survival (if you were labeled “undesirable”) were slim at best. if you don’t know, then identify what you do know and clarify what you don’t know. I know very little about the Holocaust. I know that it is a big part of history, but I don’t really understand why. I know that Jews and others were killed, but I don’t really understand why or who did it. I know I heard about gas chambers, but I don’t really understand how it all happened. if you know a little bit, then identify what you know and what you don’t know. I know I should know more about the Holocaust than I do, but I do know the main ideas. I know it was WWII. I know that Germany and its Allies systematically exterminated a lot of Jews and others. I know that many families lost all their possessions. I know this was a terrible time to be a German citizen. However, I don’t really understand how or how many people were killed. I also don’t really understand what role Israel and the whole Middle East crisis has to do with the Holocaust.

4 How to Write a Good Journal Entry… Once the topic sentence and the details are furnished, then go back and see a big picture or summarize your findings into a lesson or result for your concluding sentence. I learned this was a shameful time for Germany, but I also know that every country has such power-hungry leaders at some point in their histories even America. Most of what I’ve learned about the Holocaust came from our trip to the National Holocaust Museum for our eighth grade field trip. During that trip, I learned that millions of not only Jews, but handicapped, foreigners, gypsies, and blacks were killed to cleanse Germany of undesirables. I learned that personal objects such as shoes and suitcases and hair was collected to feed the war machine. I also learned that the chances of survival (if you were labeled “undesirable”) were slim at best. I know very little about the Holocaust. I know that it is a big part of history, but I don’t really understand why. I know that Jews and others were killed, but I don’t really understand why or who did it. I know I heard about gas chambers, but I don’t really understand how it all happened. I do wonder exactly why teachers insist we learn about history all the time; it is not like our generation can do anything about it. I think that’s why I don’t like to learn about events like the Holocaust. I guess I understand about the Holocaust itself, but I really don’t know how it impacts the world I live in. I know I should know more about the Holocaust than I do, but I do know the main ideas. I know it was WWII. I know that Germany and its Allies systematically exterminated a lot of Jews and others. I know that many families lost all their possessions. I know this was a terrible time to be a German citizen. However, I don’t really understand how or how many people were killed. I also don’t really understand what role Israel and the whole Middle East crisis has to do with the Holocaust.

5 Journal 1: Intro. What do you know about the Holocaust? Go to background info.

6 Journal 2: Intro. How did 250,000 German soldiers systematically kill 12 million prisoners?

7 Elie Wiesel Elie Wiesel was born on September 30, 1928 in a rural, mountainous area called Transylvania. His hometown was Sighet, Hungary. Elie Wiesel was the only son of four children in a closely knit, Jewish family. Elie Wiesel’s family was sent to a concentration camp, and obviously survived to write his memoir.

8 For ten years, he observed a self-imposed vow of silence and wrote nothing about his wartime experience. In 1955, at the urging of the Catholic writer Francois Mauriac (see Foreword of book), he set down his memories in Yiddish, in a 900-page work entitled Un die welt hot geshvign, “And the world kept silent.” Wiesel compressed the work into a 127-page Night, but several years passed before he was able to find a publisher for the French or English versions of the work.

9 Wiesel still writes his books in French, his wife Marion often collaborates with him on their English translation. He makes his home in New York City. Teaching has always been central to Elie Wiesel's work. Since 1976, he has been the Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Humanities at Boston University, where he is an honorary university professor. He is a member of the faculty in the department of religion, as well as, the department of philosophy.

10 In 1986, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts toward peace.

11 In 1992, Wiesel was awarded the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.

12 March 2009 The press released that along with many others, Wiesel lost millions in the Bernard Madoff scandal.

13 Concept 1: Baby Steps

14 Most people want it... Everybody needs some of it... Some people will do anything for it...

15 people are pushed just right, the result is usually cooperation allposters.com if people are pushed too little, the result is that nothing is accomplished Lesson about Baby Steps if people are pushed too hard, the result is rebellion

16 Journal 3: Chapter 1 Explain how baby steps worked to get the Jews on the train. Collect 3 journals

17 1. Foreign Jews expelled 6. Synagogues closed, but Jews allowed to worship at home 2. Fascist party takes Hungary through elections 4. Anti-Semitic incidents 3. German troops enter the country 7. Jewish leaders “questioned and/or arrested” 8. Jews are confined and curfewed 9. Jews unable to own property; valuables are confiscated 10. Jews needed to register and wear arm bands (yellow stars or blue stars with white bands) 11. Jews were denied access to public places (only certain grocers, streets, bakers, tailers, etc.) 12. Jews were forced to hurry up and wait to be herded into large ghettos (certain streets) 13. Jews were forced to hurry up and wait to be moved into small ghettos 5. German troops enter Sighet 14. Jews were forced to march to the synagogue (double time) and wait 15. Jews were systemically deported 16. Jews were systemically loaded into cattle cars of a train

18 Chapter 1 concept During vocab review and author background information, strategically move students by promoting to better seats, stand up and take notes, sit on the floor, in the hall, and then send someone to the office for a one hour detention. Who willingly cooperates? Who rebels? Who does nothing?

19 Missed Chances opportunity to go to Palestine Hungarian friend came to warn them Family maid offers them a place in the country

20 Journal 4: Chapter 2 Explain how the Germans divided the Jews in order to conquer them. Use the scene in the cattle car as an example. collect journal

21 Concept 2: Psychological Games

22 Chapter 2 concept Pack ‘ em in. 80 students per cattle car 25’ x 10’. Half of that 40 students in a 12 x 5’ area. Half that 20 students in a 6x 2.5’ area. See how it feels. Then discuss the 3 days and 3 nights. Then note the mind games that are impacting these victims. These are called psychological games and they impact how we react (if we let them … ) For Example: Pavlov ’ s Dog A natural instinct that correlates an action with a reaction; for example when a bell rang the dog got fed, when the bell rang the dog started to salivate anticipating his food when the dog heard bells, he expected food

23 Other psychological games that impacted prisoner behaviors False Hope Degradation Fear Sensory Overload Divide and Conquer Take Away and Return

24 The behavior of kidnap victims who, over time, become sympathetic to their captors. The name derives from a 1973 hostage incident in Stockholm, Sweden. At the end of six days of captivity in a bank, several kidnap victims actually resisted rescue attempts, and afterwards refused to testify against their captors. Captives begin to identify with their captors initially as a defensive mechanism, out of fear of violence. Small acts of kindness by the captor are magnified, since finding perspective in a hostage situation is by definition impossible. Rescue attempts are also seen as a threat, since it's likely the captive would be injured during such attempts. Stockholm Syndrome

25 Journal 5: Chapter 3 Describe some of the horrors of Auschwitz. Write Skip it in your journal and move on to journal #6

26 Journal 6: chapter 4 Describe some horrors of Buna, the work camp

27 Concept 3: Maslow’s Hierarchy

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29 Physical Needs- food, shelter, water Security Needs- need for protection from physical injury: cold, illness, beatings, intimidation, etc. Social Needs- friends, activities, happiness Ego Needs- self-respect, self-esteem, pride of accomplishments Self-Actualization- altruism, giving back because you have something to give

30 After all the hammering on a person, the individual is more concerned with the need for safety and food and shelter than service hours. The result is … No one prisoner trusted the other enough and actually cared enough to cooperate in order to overtake the guards and save themselves.

31 The result is not just applicable to the Jews of the Holocaust. It is also applicable to beaten and abused individuals. The result is the same. Victims are unwilling and unable to help themselves or contribute to society.

32 Journal 7: chapter 5-6 Explain why Elie is angry with his father and “deserves” the punishment he got. Explain why Elie

33 Journal 8: Chapters 7-9 Identify and describe how some psychological games are being used in these chapters.

34 Concept 4: The Five Stages of Grief

35 Frequently compared to a journey, grief involves many stages that must be traveled before life can continue to be lived.

36 Elizabeth Kubler-Ross 1969 landmark book on the human psychology of grieving

37 Denial “I feel fine.“ "This can't be happening, not to me." Denial is usually only a temporary defense for the individual. This feeling is generally replaced with heightened awareness of situations and individuals that will be left behind after death. [1] [1]

38 Anger "How can this happen to me?" "Who is to blame?" Once in the second stage, the individual recognizes that denial cannot continue. Because of anger, the person is very difficult to care for due to misplaced feelings of rage and envy. Any individual that symbolizes life or energy is subject to projected resentment and jealousy. [1] [1] "Why me? It's not fair!"

39 Bargaining "Just let me live to see my children graduate.” "I'll do anything for a few more years." " I will give my life savings if..." The third stage involves the hope that the individual can somehow postpone or delay death. Usually, the negotiation for an extended life is made with a higher power in exchange for a reformed lifestyle. Psychologically, the person is saying, "I understand I will die, but if I could just have more time..." [1] [1]

40 Depression "I'm so sad, why bother with anything?" "I'm going to die... What's the point?" "I miss my loved one, why go on?" During the fourth stage, the dying person begins to understand the certainty of death. Because of this, the individual may become silent, refuse visitors and spend much of the time crying and grieving. This process allows the dying person to disconnect oneself from things of love and affection. It is not recommended to attempt to cheer an individual up that is in this stage. It is an important time for grieving that must be processed. [1] [1]

41 "It's going to be okay." "I can't fight it, I may as well prepare for it." This final stage comes with peace and understanding of the death that is approaching. Generally, the person in the fifth stage will want to be left alone. Additionally, feelings and physical pain may be non-existent. This stage has also been described as the end of the dying struggle. [1] [1] Acceptance

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44 Journal 9: Chapters 8-9 Provide examples for the following: Who reacted with sympathy? Explain. Who reacted with empathy? Explain. Who reacted with apathy? Explain.

45 Journal 10: Chapters 1-9 What did you learn from Elie Wiesel’s novel, Night? Please provide at least 3 lessons.

46 Co ncept 5: Defining a Theme

47 Definition of a theme: -the message an author sends with his/her story the main idea of a narrative -not just a topic, but an idea The more universal the theme, the more lasting the literature.

48 Example 1 from Romeo and Juliet In Shakespeare’s play, Romeo and Juliet, ironically love does not always bring happiness. The subject/topic is... The theme is... love. Love can hurt. The thesis is...

49 Example 2 from Romeo and Juliet The theme is... The thesis is... The subject/topic is... appearances. Reality is not always what it appears. In Shakespeare’s play, Romeo and Juliet, reality is not always what it appears.

50 Example 4 from Huck Finn The subject/topic is... The theme is... In Mark Twain’s novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Huck’s journey down the Mississippi mirrors the journey through life with its crossroads, detours, and pot holes journey The journey through life is filled with crossroads, detours, and pot holes. The thesis is...

51 Worksheet for chapters 4-6 Identify three possible themes to be developed. For each theme, list three scenes/examples from the story that support your stated theme. Subject: Theme: Ignorance Thesis: Ignorance is used by many of the characters to protect themselves from having to face the realities of the war. Many characters prefer to remain ignorant in order to protect themselves from the horrors of the real world.

52 war Good TopicsWeak Topics killing babies power of faith surviving missed chances

53 Rules for a good theme: must be universal must be provable must be accurate must be throughout the piece of literature

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55 Co ncept 6: Proving a theme

56 Because themes are so debatable and because there really is not right or wrong answer, the quality of the idea is determined by: 1. application of rules to the theme 2. quality of the proof to support/prove your theme 3.explanation that connects the examples to the theme and the theme to the thesis

57 Sometimes ignorance is bliss. Can this idea transcend time and place? Is this statement accurate to the intent of the story? Can I actually prove this statement using examples from the story? Is this concept illustrated throughout the story? YES! Example 1: Example 2: Example 3: Example 4:

58 Example 2: Elie’s family didn’t pay much attention to the atrocities of war being reported on the radio. Instead, they focused on the courtesy of the Germans in their community and felt very comfortable. Example 1: Elie’s family/community ignored the story told by Moche of the atrocities inflicted by the German forces. By deluding themselves, they were able to live more blissfully. Early in the story Sometimes ignorance is bliss.

59 middle of the story late in the story Sometimes ignorance is bliss. Example 3:While Elie and his father were in Buna, Elie chose to believe that Franek would actually hold up his end of their deal. Elie wanted to believe this because it was the only way he could feel good about giving up his tooth. Example 4: Elie wanted to believe that his father would survive. If Elie admitted that his father was dying, then he had to deal with it, and that would hurt. By ignoring it, somewhat, he was able to achieve a little peace.

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61 Co ncept 7: Supporting Your Examples

62 Example 1: Example 2: Example 3: Example 4: Ignorance is used by many people to protect themselves from the horrors of the real world. Needs to be universal

63 Example 1: Elie’s family/community ignored the story told by Moche of the atrocities inflicted by the German forces. Sometimes ignorance is bliss. “Moche had changed. There was no longer any joy in his eyes. He no longer sang. He no longer talked to me of God or the cabbala, but only of what he had seen. People refused not only to believe his stories, but even to listen to them. ‘He’s just trying to make us pity him. What an imagination he has!’ they said. Or even: ‘Poor fellow. He’s gone mad.’... I didn’t believe him myself.” (Wiesel 4-5)....

64 “The Budapest radio announced that the Fascist party had come into power. Horthy [leader of Hungary] had been forced to ask one of the leader of the Nyilas party to form a new government. Still this was not enough to worry us.... Berovitz... Returned from the capital,... ‘The Jews in Budapest are living in an atmosphere of fear and terror.’ The news spread like wildfire through Sighet.... But not for long. Optimism soon revived.” (Wiesel 6-7) “ “ ‘ ‘... (Wiesel 6-7) [leader of Hungary] Sometimes ignorance is bliss. Example 2: Elie’s family didn’t pay much attention to the atrocities of war being reported on the radio. Instead, they focused on the courtesy of the Germans in their community and felt very comfortable.

65 Sometimes ignorance is bliss. While Elie and his father were in Buna, Elie’s father wanted to believe that a kapo would actually hold up his end of their deal. He needed to believe this because it was the only way he could feel deal with having his son blackmailed.

66 Franek, the foreman, one day noticed the gold-crowned tooth in my mouth. “Give me your crown, kid.” I told him it was impossible, that I could not eat without it.” … I found another answer; the crown had been put down on a list after the medical inspection. This could bring trouble on us both. “If you don’t give me your crown, you’ll pay for it even more.” This sympathetic, intelligent youth was suddenly no longer the same person. His eyes gleamed with desire. I told him I had to ask my father’s advice. … When I spoke to my father about it, he turned pale, was silent and long while, and then said: “No, son, you mustn’t do it.” “He’ll take it out on us!” He won’t dare.” But alas Frank knew where to touch me; he knew my weak point. My father had never done military service, and he never succeeded in marching in step. Here, every time we moved from one place to another in a body, we marched in strict rhythm. This was Franek’s chance to torment my father, and to thrash him savagely every day.... I decided to give my father lessons, to teach him to change step, and to keep to the rhythm. We began to do exercises in front of our block.... But my father’s progress was still inadequate,... We could not stand any more. We had to give in. When the day came, Franek burst into wild laughter. “I knew it, I knew quite well I would win.”... That same evening in the lavatory, the dentist from Warsaw pull out my crowned tooth, with the aid of a rusty spoon.... A fortnight later, all the Poles were transferred to another camp. I had lost my tooth for nothing.” (52-4)

67 ‘No, son, you mustn’t do it.’ ‘He’ll take it out on us!’ ‘He won’t dare.’ But alas Frank... knew my weak point. My father had never done military service... This was Franek’s chance to torment my father.... We began to do exercises in front of our block.... But my father’s progress was still inadequate,... We could not stand any more. We had to give in.... Franek burst into wild laughter. ‘I knew it, I knew quite well I would win.’... That same evening in the lavatory, the dentist... pull out my crowned tooth, with... a rusty spoon.... A fortnight later, all the Poles were transferred to another camp. I had lost my tooth for nothing.” (Wiesel 52-4).

68 Sometimes, ignorance is bliss. Example 4: Elie wanted to believe that his father would survive. If Elie admitted that his father was dying, then he had to deal with it, and that would hurt. By ignoring it, somewhat, he was able to achieve a little peace.

69 Example 5: Even after they were deported, Elie’s family/community ignored the truth about the concentration camps; instead focusing on which units were good ones. “A few days more and we should all have started to scream too. But we had reached a station.... The train did not start up again. The afternoon passed slowly. Then the wagon doors slid open. Two men were allowed to get down to fetch water. When they came back, they told us that, in exchange for a gold watch, they had discovered that this was the last stop. We would be getting out of here. There was a labor camp. Conditions were good. Families would not be split up. Only the young people would go to work in the factories. The old men and the invalids would be kept occupied in the fields. The barometer of confidence soared.... We gave thanks to God.” (Wiesel 24). “Freed from the hands of the barbers, we began to wander in the crowd, meeting friends and acquaintances. These meetings filled us with joy— yes, joy—’thank God! You’re still alive.’” (Wiesel 33) Sometimes, ignorance is bliss. “That evening, the labor units came back from the work yards. Roll call. We began to look for familiar faces, to seek information, to question the veteran prisoners about which labor unit was the best, which block one should try to get into. The prisoners all agreed saying, ‘Buna’s a very good camp. You can stand it. The important thing is not to get transferred to the building unit.’... We followed our kapo,... This was the orchestra block.... ‘You’re lucky, son,’ smiled Hans. ‘You’ve landed in a good unit....’” (Wiesel 47)

70 Example 6: Elie chose to ignore his father as he was being beaten, so he didn’t have to deal with the pain of seeing his father broken. Sometimes, ignorance is bliss. “My father was suddenly seized with colic. He got up and went toward the gypsy, asking politely, in German: ‘Excuse me, can you tell me where the lavatories are?’ The gypsy looked him up and down slowly, from head to foot. As if he wanted to convince himself that this man addressing him was really a creature of flesh and bone, a living being with a body and a belly. Then, as if he had suddenly woken up from a heavy doze, he dealt my father such a clout that he fell to the ground, crawling back to his place on all fours. I did not move. What had happened to me? My father had just been struck, before my very eyes, and I had not flickered an eyelid. I looked on and said nothing.” (Wiesel 37)....

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72 Concept 5: Organizing Your Ideas Into a Paper

73 Attention getter Main point #1 Restatement of the thesis Thesis Main point #2 Main point #3 Main point #4 Main point #5 Main point #6 Final comments

74 Attention getter Main point #1 Restatement of the thesis Thesis Main point #2 Main point #3 Main point #4 Main point #5 Main point #6 Final comments

75 Attention getter Main point #1 Restatement of the thesis Thesis Main point #2 Main point #3 Final comments

76 information: citation: explanation: transition: information: citation: explanation: transition: explanation: information: citation: transition: Author, text title, theme Main point #1 Main point #2 Main point #3

77 Compose a thesis statement... (NOT a theme) Identify the author Sample: In Elie Wiesel’s novel Night, ignorance is used by many people to protect themselves from the horrors of the real world. Identify the text Identify the “point” of your research Ignorance is used by many people to protect themselves from the horrors of the real world. Elie Wiesel Night

78 Main point #1 Main point #2 Main point #3 information: facts, charts, graphs, quotations, percentages, examples, anecdotes (short narratives), etc. citation: identify the source of the information explanation: explain the point of your information or explain the connection of the information to your thesis, etc. transition: connect your first example to your next information: citation: explanation: transition: explanation: information: citation: transition: Insert thesis here

79 From your brainstorming, choose your best theme and compose a thesis statement... and place it here. Insert your first example : set your scene and identify what happened Insert your quotation Insert your citation Explain how your quotation and example proves your thesis Insert a transition to set up your next example Insert your second example : set your scene and identify what happened Insert your quotation Insert your citation Explain how your quotation and example proves your thesis Insert a transition to set up your next example

80 Choose your best thesis statement... and place it here. Insert your third example : set your scene and identify what happened Insert your quotation Insert your citation Explain how your quotation and example proves your thesis Insert a transition to set up your next example Review your main points Add your final comments – see hand out for ideas Go back up to your introduction Add your attention getter – see hand out for ideas

81 From this outline begin paragraphing your essay using the five point paragraph format.

82 Attention getter Main point #1 Restatement of the thesis Thesis Main point #2 Main point #3 Main point #4 Main point #5 Main point #6 Final comments

83 I.Early in chapter one, Elie’s family didn’t pay much attention to the atrocities of war being reported on the radio. Instead, they only paid attention to the nice Germans in their community. A. “The London radio, which we listened to every evening, gave us heartening news: the daily bombardment of Germany, Stalingrad; preparation for the second front. And we, the Jews of Sighet, were waiting for better days, which would not be long in coming.... People said: ‘The Russian army’s making gigantic strides forward.. Hitler won’t be able to do us any harm, even if he wants to.’” In Elie Wiesel’s novel Night, ignorance was used to defer the unbearable realities of war. B. Wiesel pages 5-6 E. In these scenes, the people of Sighet chose to remain ignorant so they didn’t have to deal with what was really happening and what was coming their way. F. The people of Sighet not only ignored the radio broadcast, they ignored the facts in front of their faces. C. “The Budapest radio announced that the Fascist party had come into power. Horthy [leader of Hungary] had been forced to ask one of the leader of the Nyilas party to form a new government. Still this was not enough to worry us.... Berovitz... returned from the capital,... ‘The Jews in Budapest are living in an atmosphere of fear and terror.’ The news spread like wildfire through Sighet.... But not for long. Optimism soon revived.” D. Wiesel pages 7-8

84 II.Also very early in the novel, Elie’s family and community ignored the story told by Moche of the atrocities inflicted by the German forces. In Elie Wiesel’s novel Night, ignorance was used to defer the unbearable realities of war. B. Wiesel pages 4-5 C. In this scene, the friends of Moche seemed almost afraid to believe him because that would mean that they would have to do something, anything, and it was so much easier for them to go on with life and pretend that the horrors would not come to their town. D. The people of Sighet tried to ignore the realities of war for as long as they possibly could, yet when they did awaken, it was too late. They were already imprisoned in a concentration; however, they did not stop being ignorant. So, they focused on which of the concentration camps were the best and which units within their camp was best. A. “Moche had changed. There was no longer any joy in his eyes. He no longer sang. He no longer talked to me of God or the cabbala, but only of what he had seen. People refused not only to believe his stories, but even to listen to them. ‘He’s just trying to make us pity him. What an imagination he has!’ they said. Or even: ‘Poor fellow. He’s gone mad.’... I didn’t believe him myself.”

85 III.Even after they were deported, Elie’s family and community ignored the truth about the concentration camps, instead focusing on which units were good ones. In Elie Wiesel’s novel Night, ignorance was used to defer the unbearable realities of war. B. Wiesel page 47 C. In this scene, the prisoners remained optimistic about their futures, and they saw that there were ways to survive even if that meant ignoring the realities of war and searching for that way to survive. D. The people of Sighet tried to ignore the realities of war for as long as they possibly could, yet when they did awaken, it was too late. They were already imprisoned in a concentration; however, they did not stop being ignorant. So, they focused on which of the concentration camps were the best and which units within their camp was best. A. “That evening, the labor units came back from the work yards. Roll call. We began to look for familiar faces, to seek information, to question the veteran prisoners about which labor unit was the best, which block one should try to get into. The prisoners all agreed saying, ‘Buna’s a very good camp. You can stand it. The important thing is not to get transferred to the building unit.’... We followed our kapo,... This was the orchestra block.... ‘You’re lucky, son,’ smiled Hans. ‘You’ve landed in a good unit...’”

86 Journal 11: Chapter 9 Explain

87 IV.Elie chose to ignore his father as he was being beaten, so he didn’t have to deal with the pain of seeing his father broken. In Elie Wiesel’s novel Night, ignorance was used to defer the unbearable realities of war. B. Wiesel page 33 C. In this scene, Elie deliberately chooses to ignore the fact that his father has been beaten in order to handle the situation. I think he is in denial in order to protect himself from anger that would only cause more problems especially in a concentration camp. D. In many situations, the prisoners of the concentration camps used ignorance to protect themselves from the harsh realities of war. A. “My father was suddenly seized with colic. He got up and went toward the gypsy, asking politely, in German: ‘Excuse me, can you tell me where the lavatories are?’ The gypsy looked him up and down slowly, from head to foot. As if he wanted to convince himself that this man addressing him was really a creature of flesh and bone, a living being with a body and a belly. Then, as if he had suddenly woken up from a heavy doze, he dealt my father such a clout that he fell to the ground, crawling back to his place on all fours. I did not move. What had happened to me? My father had just been struck, before my very eyes, and I had not flickered an eyelid. I looked on and said nothing.” That evening, landed in a good unit...’”

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