Presentation on theme: "Protecting against sexually transmitted diseases & AIDS CHAPTER 11."— Presentation transcript:
Protecting against sexually transmitted diseases & AIDS CHAPTER 11
Objectives Describe the impact of sexually transmitted diseases on society List the risk factors for contracting an STD ID the causative agent, symptoms, & treatments for the following diseases: trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, genital herpes, genital warts, pubic lice, scabies, and AIDS Describe the importance of testing for HIV infection & the proper testing procedures ID several “safer sex” practices Describe the importance of effective communication in reducing the risk of STDs & AIDS
STDs aka STIs W.H.O. estimates 16 million people in the US acquire an STD ea. Year 8 million of those people are under 25 years old Estimated yearly # of STD cases in the US Trichomoniasis 7.4 million Genital warts (HPV) 5.5 million Chlamydia 1 million Herpes 1 million Gonorrhea 350,000 HIV/AIDS 55,000 Syphilis 37,000 Acute hepatitis B 8,000 Most commonly reported STD in US = Chlamydia In nearly 1/3 of all cases it occurs simultaneously with gonorrhea
Sexually Transmitted Diseases trichomoniasis trichomoniasis Chlamydia Chlamydia Gonorrhea – aka “The Clap”” Gonorrhea Genital warts Genital warts Syphilis Syphilis Genital herpes in men, in womenin menin women Pubic lice Pubic lice HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS Molluscum contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum Hepatitis B Hepatitis B Scabies Scabies Infections passed from person to person via sexual contact
Cost of STDs Economic Disability, medical treatments, etc Emotional Suffering due to infection Disappointment due to infertility due to infection Physical Infertility Predisposition to cervical cancer for women who acquire HPV infection Permanent infections (HIV, herpes
Risk Factors for STDs Multiple sexual partners False sense of safety – I’m using contraception….there’s antibiotics Absence of signs & symptoms – HIV infected people may have mild or no symptoms for years 1 study showed 8% of college students were unaware they were infected with chlamydia 1.5% were unaware they were infected with gonorrhea Untreated conditions Failure to get treatment/be compliant with treatment Impaired judgment – drugs/alcohol, mental impairment Lack of immunity – HIV & Herpes Body piercing (particularly of the genitals, nipple, tongue & lip) Value judgments – negative attitudes about being “dirty” Denial - “he/she looks too clean cut to have an STD”
Testing for HIV Not everyone has to be tested Starts with a counseling session Common test = blood test; urine test is less common Those with a reasonable risk of exposure should be tested Males that had unprotected sex w/ other males Those who had unprotected sex w/someone known to be infected Those who Had a sexually transmitted disease Those who had sex with w/ someone whose AIDS risky behaviors are unknown Those who had several sexual partners Those who shared needles/syringes to inject drugs
Reducing the US STD epidemic Greatest concerns = HPV, HIV/AIDS, chlamydia, gonorrhea b/c they affect millions & ARE TREATABLE Step 1 – treat patient Step 2 – patient notifies partners of infection & encourages treatment Not very successful Better option- patient receives antibiotics to hand to their partners directly without requiring that they seek medical support
Safer Sex Practices Abstinence = BEST way to reduce risk Use condoms with spermicides
Barriers to safer sex Denial that there is a risk Believing the campus community is insulated from STDs Feeling guilty & uncomfortable about being sexual Succumbing to social & peer pressure to be sexual
Value of effective communication in reducing spread of STDs & HIV The pressure to be sexual early in a relationship, before the partners know each other well enough to talk about their past sexual experiences, may force partners to deny there may be a risk. Postpone sexual interaction by saying” I’d like to be close to you, but I’m not ready to have sex until …. we get to know each other better We are married We are engaged We ……? If partner is offended by the conversation, it is prudent to postpone sexual interaction until the relationship has progressed to a deeper level Complications: drugs, alcohol, other impairments
Review 1 Sexually transmitted diseases are infections passed from person to person, most frequently by sexual contact Millions of sexually transmitted infections occur each year in the US STDs are epidemic in the US because people are uninformed about them, because they engage in high risk behaviors and because vaccines and cures (for several) are unavailable The most common STDs in the US are trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, genital warts, pubic lice and AIDS. Preventing STD’s involves supporting public health efforts to inform the populace about STDs and their prevention and treatment. It also requires individuals to practice safer sex and to comply with treatment when they are infected. Prevention is the key.
Additional resources STD quiz – only 13 questions – give it a shot! STD
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.