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Unplanned Teen Pregnancy Challenges and Choices?.

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Presentation on theme: "Unplanned Teen Pregnancy Challenges and Choices?."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unplanned Teen Pregnancy Challenges and Choices?

2 Teen Parenthood Overview: Telling Your Parents You Are Pregnant. Teen Parenthood. Adoption Abortion

3 Telling Your Parents… Telling Your Parents You Are Pregnant Read the article (http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/Parents/tell_p arents.html )in class together. arents.html If you are not in class that day, you need to write a three paragraph summary of the article after reading it. After reading the article, you should reflect on the challenges of telling your parents that you are pregnant, or for guys, that you got someone pregnant.

4 Assignment: Create a one page dialogue between yourself and your parents. Include the setting (when and where you think you would tell them, if you would tell your mom, your dad, or both together, if you would ask someone else to be there as well) Write what you would say, and what you think your parents would say. Telling Your Parents…

5 This should look like a play, not an essay. For example: Me: Mom and Dad, I need to talk to you. Mom: Ok, sit down and tell me what is going on. The assignment is worth 20 points. You can earn five extra points by sharing this assignment with your parents. Have them sign your work to show they read it with you. Don't pretend you are actually telling them you are pregnant. This isn't a reality assignment! Telling Your Parents…

6 The U.S. has the highest teen pregnancy rate in the industrialized world – twice as high as in England or Canada, and ten times higher as in Switzerland. The U.S. teen pregnancy rate dropped every year since About 1 in 3 women become pregnant at least once before they're 20. Teen Parenthood Stats

7 A sexually active teen who does not use contraceptives has a 90% chance of becoming pregnant within a year. Only a third of teen mothers earn their high school diploma. And only 1.5% have a college degree by age 30. Girls born to teen mothers are more likely to be teen mothers themselves. Boys born to teen moms are more likely to end up in prison. Teen Parenthood Stats

8 75% of girls and over half of boys report that girls who have sex do so because their boyfriends want them to. 8 in 10 girls and 6 in 10 boys say they wish they had waited until they were older to have sex. Most teens (6 in 10) and adults (3 in 4) believe that teen boys often receive the message that they are “expected to have sex.” Diapers are expensive, but it's nothing compared to the $9 billion that teen pregnancy costs the United States each year. This includes increased spending in child welfare costs and public sector health care. Teen Parenthood Stats

9 Teen Parenthood 1.List five things you are looking to doing in the next few weeks. 2.List five things you are looking forward to doing in the next few months. 3.List five things you think you will be doing a year from now.

10 Teen Parenthood Would you be able to get it done? Now cross off each thing that you would not be able to do if you were a teen parent. What is left?!?

11 The Cost of Raising a Child Click here to read the rising cost of raising a child article. Click here to read the rising cost of raising a child article Click here to calculate how much it might cost to raise a child in your area. Click here to calculate how much it might cost to raise a child in your area. Why are teen pregnancy rates different in NYC than in other areas? Why are teen pregnancy rates different in NYC than in other areas?

12 Video and article about two teens struggling as future teen parents. Video and article about two teens struggling as future teen parents. Teen Parenthood

13 Now after spending time looking at the negative aspects and hard reality of teen parenthood, work with a small group and list the positive aspects of teen parenthood. Teen Parenthood

14 Some positives might include: – Younger people have more energy. – Makes you grow up fast. (responsibility, independence, time management, accountability) – Will be closer in age to child, maybe have a better relationship? – Feeling that you did the right thing by keeping the baby. (especially for those that are anti-abortion) – Can still try to reach other goals after child grows up. (education, career) Teen Parenthood

15 Myth #1 – Teen Parenting Myth: Parenting will be fun. I will get to play with my child and dress him or her up in cute clothes. Fact: Although this statement about having a child can be true, and parenting can be very satisfying, a baby will not be able to show it's love and support to you for some time. Babies are completely helpless and require their parents to do everything for them to ensure their survival. Parenting is a job that is 24 hours a day, 7 days a week for the next 18 years of your life or longer. It is a commitment that you will need to be prepared for.

16 Myth #2 – Teen Parenting Myth: Having a baby is a way to receive unconditional love. My baby will love me regardless of what I do and won't judge me. It will add meaning and purpose to my life. Fact: Babies are very cute and it can be fun to dress them up, but when it is your own child, it is not always fun. You must consider the time and energy that you will need to give in order to meet the needs of your child. Your freedom and moments of privacy can be reduced to almost nothing after you give birth to your child and for many years thereafter. Your child will go with you every where you go. They will awake in the middle of the night to be fed, changed or just because they are awake. If they get a cold, there will be more doctor bills, time missed from work, and a loss of much needed wages. This can be very challenging to any new mother or father

17 Myth #3 – Teen Parenting Myth: My family, friends, or partner will always be there to help me out and pay for things. Fact: You are the only person who can guarantee your child's health and well being. You cannot rely on other family or friends who say they will help you because they may not always be there when you need help. They are not in your shoes and although they mean well by offering their help, they cannot make the decision for you. Your family cannot guarantee they will be there at all times when you need to run an errand, have to work, want to take a nap, or want to go out with your friends. They also cannot be responsible for paying for everything. If you have family support that can help you with parenting, that is wonderful, but you cannot rely on it.

18 Myth #4 – Teen Parenting Myth: If I choose to parent my child, I will not have to deal with the feeling of sadness, loss and disappointment that I would if I choose adoption or abortion. Fact: This may be true, but parenting will cause some of these emotions to some degree. A woman may feel that she has lost the opportunity to finish school, move to another state, or go out with her friends. It could even cause the loss of other relationships because you are too busy or no fun anymore. Your friends may not want to be around you much as time goes by because you have too much responsibility. You may also feel sadness and disappointment because you cannot give your child everything you hoped for them to have.

19 Myth #5 – Teen Parenting Myth: It will save my relationship with my boyfriend and we can get married and have a family together. Fact: Many unplanned pregnancies, especially among young people, lead to stress and emotions that make it hard for a couple to remain together. More than one million babies were born to unmarried women in the United States in One in six pregnancies conceived by unwed couples result in marriage before the baby is born (Options Magazine, 2003). Many women are left to face the unplanned pregnancy alone and it can be very scary.

20 The Adoption Option Pros and cons of choosing to have the baby and give the child to people who want to be parents.

21 Facts and Figures Are these statements True or False? Only about 1,000 children are adopted each year in the United States.

22 Facts and Figures Only about 1,000 children are adopted each year in the United States. (False) – Explanation: Actually, more than 80,000 children are adopted in the United States each year.19 There are currently 1.5 million adopted children in the United States, more than 2% of all children.

23 Facts and Figures Most families who adopt children do so because they are infertile – that is, they cannot get pregnant.

24 Facts and Figures Most families who adopt children do so because they are infertile – that is, they cannot get pregnant. (False) – Explanation: Although many families do choose adoption for this reason, over half of U.S. families with adopted children also include birth or stepchildren.

25 Facts and Figures Most adopted children were adopted when they were babies.

26 Facts and Figures Most adopted children were adopted when they were babies. (False) – Explanation: Approximately 14,000 infants are adopted each year because the birth mother voluntary chooses to make an adoption plan for the baby. Most children are actually adopted from foster care, and are usually not babies when they are adopted. 17% of all adoptions involve birth mothers making an adoption plan while still pregnant. 15% of children are adopted into the U.S. from another country 68% are adopted out of foster care.

27 Facts and Figures 4) If a woman chooses adoption for her baby, she needs to get written permission from the person she got pregnant with.

28 Facts and Figures If a woman chooses adoption for her baby, she needs to get written permission from the person she got pregnant with. (True) – Explanation: The person a woman got pregnant with is the biological father of the baby, and if he can be located, he must give his permission to make an adoption plan. – The biological father must sign a “consent to adoption,” stating that he agrees with the choice to make an adoption plan. Another option is for him to sign a “denial of paternity,” which means that he does not believe he is the biological father, or he does not want to be considered as the biological father. After he signs a “denial of paternity” form he does not have any parental rights or responsibilities for the child.

29 Facts and Figures If someone decides to plan for an adoption, they can pick the family that adopts their baby, if they want to.

30 Facts and Figures If someone decides to plan for an adoption, they can pick the family that adopts their baby, if they want to (True) – Explanation: Almost all adoptions today work this way – they are called “open adoptions.” – In an open adoption, the birth mother or birth parents are able to choose the family who will adopt the baby, and they are able to have ongoing contact with the baby after he or she is adopted. Some people send letters and pictures, while other people have regular in-person visits.

31 Facts and Figures It is legal to buy someone’s baby, as long as everyone involved agrees to it.

32 Facts and Figures It is legal to buy someone’s baby, as long as everyone involved agrees to it (False) – Explanation: Although birth parents are sometimes reimbursed for costs associated with the pregnancy, adoptive parents do not ever “buy” the baby. – Adoption is a legal process, and there are many laws that govern it. Individuals who wish to adopt must work with an adoption agency or an adoption lawyer.

33 Types of Adoption Open Adoption vs. Closed Adoption

34 Open Adoption An open adoption is where the adoptive parents and birth parents meet prior to the adoption going through. Not only do they gain contact prior to the adoption but they will usually maintain contact throughout the life of the child. This provides a way for the birth parents to stay informed about their birth child and maintain contact with the whole family. parents birth parents

35 Closed Adoption A closed adoption: the parents, both adoptive and birth ones, are in the dark as to who each other is. The child who is adopted will also be unaware of who the actual birth parents are because the file is often sealed in a closed adoption. Closed adoption often occurs with international adoptions where adoptive parents adopt their child from another country.

36 Myths and Facts MYTH: A really caring mother would never give up her child and you don't deserve to be a mother if you choose adoption. FACT: A mother who unselfishly creates an adoption plan for her child is placing her child's best interest above her own. It is an ultimate sacrifice for a mother to choose life for her child and realize what is best for her child. Adoption is a caring and responsible process that is as natural and loving as parenting.

37 Myths and Facts MYTH: My child will hate me. FACT: You design your own unique adoption plan, allowing you to share as little or as much information as you desire about yourself and your decision. You gave your child the gift of life, and put your child's needs first. This will be explained to your child as he or she gets older.

38 Myths and Facts MYTH: Adoption is a cop out when you don’t want to be accountable for your own actions. FACT: Adoption requires a strong and responsible person. Do not feel guilty for considering adoption or think of parenting as a deserved punishment for your unplanned pregnancy. Making the choice for your child to be raised in an environment that can provide the things you are not able to at this time is very brave and responsible

39 Myths and Facts MYTH: Adopted children will have troubled lives. FACT: Adopted children do as well as or better than their non-adopted counterparts. A study by the Search Institute examining adopted adolescents concluded some of the following facts: Adopted children score equal to or higher than their peers on indicators of school performance and social competence. They also are not more likely to be involved in crime or negative behaviors.

40 Myths and Facts MYTH: No one will love a child like their biological parents. FACT: While it is true that a biological parent holds tremendous love for their child, it is not a matter of biology. It is not inherited. An adopted couple's love for your child is the result of a lot of effort and desire to be a parent. Adoptive parents have a true love and devotion to the child they adopt because they realize what a blessing it is to have a child in their lives.

41 Myths and Facts MYTH: If I put my child up for adoption, I will always wonder what their life is like and where they are. FACT: This has been true in the past when all adoptions were closed and the child was taken from the birth mother and she had to live the rest of her life never knowing what became of her child. Today, you can create your own adoption plan which can make it possible for you to select your child's adoptive parents and meet them. Open adoptions allow you to stay in touch with phone calls and possibly even occasional visits.

42 Weighing the pros and cons of this pregnancy option. Abortion

43 How do you feel about abortion? Poll criteria When the woman's life is endangered? When the pregnancy was caused by rape or incest? When the woman just doesn’t want to be a mother? When there is evidence that the baby may be physically or mentally impaired? When the woman or family cannot afford the child?

44 Public Opinion Poll criteria Results When the woman's life is endangered?85% When the pregnancy was caused by rape or incest? 76% When the woman just doesn’t want to be a mother? 29% When there is evidence that the baby may be physically or mentally impaired? 75% When the woman or family cannot afford the child? 33%

45 If a woman has an abortion, she is more likely to have a miscarriage later in life. Abortion: True or False?

46 If a woman has an abortion, she is more likely to have a miscarriage later in life. (False) – Explanation: Women who have an abortion, or even several abortions, are no more likely to have a miscarriage than women who have never had an abortion. Abortion: True or False?

47 If a woman wants to have an abortion, she needs to get written permission from the person she got pregnant with. Abortion: True or False?

48 If a woman wants to have an abortion, she needs to get written permission from the person she got pregnant with. (False) – Explanation: In Washington State a pregnant woman or teenager does not have to have permission from anyone to receive an abortion. This includes the person she got pregnant with, her parents, or her husband or boyfriend. Abortion: True or False?

49 Most women end up waiting until pretty late in their pregnancy to have an abortion. Abortion: True or False?

50 Most women end up waiting until pretty late in their pregnancy to have an abortion. (False) – Explanation: The overwhelming majority of abortions are performed in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy – 88% of all abortions are performed before the first 12 weeks. Abortion: True or False?

51 There is a pill you can buy at the store that makes you have an abortion. Abortion: True or False?

52 There is a pill you can buy at the store that makes you have an abortion. (False) – Explanation: There are two pills that people sometimes get confused with each other. One is prescribed by a doctor for a woman who wants a “medical abortion.” She can only get this pill from a doctor – it cannot just be bought in a store. The other pill – called Emergency Contraception (the most well-known brand is Plan B -- is a special birth control pill that can be taken after sex. Plan B does not cause an abortion, just helps to prevent a pregnancy. Anyone who is 17 or older can buy this pill at the store, and they do not need a prescription from a doctor. Abortion: True or False?

53 If a woman is pregnant and wants to give birth, her boyfriend or parents can legally make her have an abortion or adoption instead. Abortion: True or False?

54 If a woman is pregnant and wants to give birth, her boyfriend or parents can legally make her have an abortion or adoption instead. (False) – Explanation: No one can force a woman to have an abortion or make an adoption plan. She does not need anyone’s permission to become a parent. Abortion: True or False?

55 Most abortions only take 5 or 10 minutes, even though the woman is usually in the clinic for 2 to 3 hours. Myths and Facts about Abortion

56 Most abortions only take 5 or 10 minutes, even though the woman is usually in the clinic for 2 to 3 hours. (True) – Explanation: The surgical abortion procedure takes about 5-10 minutes. The appointment is much longer, including time for paperwork, preparation, and time to rest afterwards. Myths and Facts about Abortion

57 Abortion in the United States has been legal in every state since the United States Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, in Prior to "Roe", there were exceptions to the abortion ban in at least 10 states; "Roe" established that a woman has a right to decide whether or not to carry a pregnancy to term, but that this right must be balanced against a state's interest in preserving fetal life.Roe v. Wade Abortion

58 25.5% Want to postpone childbearing. 21.3% Cannot afford a baby. 14.1% Has relationship problem or partner does not want pregnancy. 12.2% Too young 10.8% Having a child will disrupt education/career. 7.9% Want no (more) children. 3.3% Risk to fetal health. 2.8% Risk to maternal health. 2.1% Other. Reasons For Abortion

59 71% Woman didn't recognize she was pregnant or misjudged gestation 48% Woman found it hard to make arrangements for abortion 33% Woman was afraid to tell her partner or parents 24% Woman took time to decide to have an abortion 8% Woman waited for her relationship to change 8% Someone pressured woman not to have abortion 6% Something changed after woman became pregnant 6% Woman didn't know timing is important 5% Woman didn't know she could get an abortion 2% A fetal problem was diagnosed late in pregnancy 11% Other. Reasons For LATE Abortion (After 16 weeks)

60 When People Abort in NJ In many states, INCLUDING NEW JERSEY, abortions cannot take place after week 24.

61 This is a hard thing to determine. Ask yourself: What criteria do you use to determine when a life begins? – 1. At conception? – 2.When the baby has a heartbeat? – 3. When there is brain activity? – 4. When the baby can survive outside of the mothers body? – 5. At birth? – Any other time not listed above??? When does life begin?

62 The cost of an abortion varies depending on factors such as location, facility, timing, and type of procedure. In 2009, a nonhospital abortion at 10 weeks’ gestation ranged from $90 to $1,800 (average: $430), whereas an abortion at 20 weeks’ gestation ranged from $350 to $4,520 (average: $1,260). Costs are higher for a medical abortion than a first- trimester surgical abortion. Cost of Abortion

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64 Myth: Abortion will be less emotional than adoption. I can move on and not have to think about it. Fact: Over 70% of the women who have abortions agree that abortion involves a baby, (not a zygote, embryo, or group of cells) and experience negative feelings about the abortion. (C.Reardon, ). Myths and Facts about Abortion

65 Myth: Abortion is the cheapest way for me to take care of my unplanned pregnancy. Fact: Abortion can cost anywhere from $500 to $2,000. These costs are not covered by insurance. There are state assistance and community programs available to assist with the costs of parenting. A woman who chooses adoption has no expenses and may receive pregnancy related living expenses to help with the costs of the pregnancy and time off work. Myths and Facts about Abortion

66 Myth: Abortion is the only option that allows a woman to go on with life and live out their dreams. Fact: While abortion allows a woman a choice to continue with her dreams and not have to delay plans for the future to raise her child, it is not the only option. Adoption allows women to continue with school and other dreams as well after carrying the baby for nine months, you can resume working towards other life goals. Myths and Facts about Abortion

67 After reading the article “Should A Guy Have A Say…” you are going to choose which side you agree with. Write a letter to Erica or Tate and explain to them why you agree or disagree with their points. You must directly site at least three points that they made and explain why you agree or disagree with them. This will be collected and graded… Abortion Writing Assignment


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