Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Revised Schedule VI – Case Studies. Current and non-current presentation – Assets 2 Expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Revised Schedule VI – Case Studies. Current and non-current presentation – Assets 2 Expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption."— Presentation transcript:

1 Revised Schedule VI – Case Studies

2 Current and non-current presentation – Assets 2 Expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company’s ‘Normal Operating Cycle’ Held primarily for the purpose of being traded; Expected to be realized within twelve months after the reporting date; Cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date An asset shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria given below; All other assets will be classified as ‘non-current’

3 Operating cycle 3 Represents time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents  May be longer than 12 months  Where the normal operating cycle cannot be identified, it is assumed to have a duration of twelve months. Where a company is engaged in multiple businesses, operating cycle could be different for each line of business. For e.g.  Operating cycle for wine manufacturing companies may be more than 12 months  Liability payable on demand is ‘current’, even if its due date is beyond 12 months

4 General instructions: Current and non-current presentation – Liabilities (1/2) 4 Expected to be settled in the company’s ‘Normal Operating Cycle’ Held primarily for the purpose of being traded; Due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting date; The company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification A liability shall be classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria given below; All other liabilities will be classified as ‘non-current’

5 Classification of provision for warranty into current and non-current 5 Suppose during a period X sells a single unit of a product Y for cash with warranty of 3 years. The sale occurs on the last day of the financial year. Suppose further that based on historical experience, it is expected that warranty costs would be 100, 80 and 35 in the three years of the warranty period.

6 Classification of provision for warranty into current and non-current 6 Paragraphs and of the ICAI ‟ s guidance note deal inter alia with provision for warranties and require its classification into long-term (non-current) and short term (current). The position seems to be that if a liability satisfies any of the four criteria of definition of “current liability”, it is classified as current. Only if none of these criteria is satisfied that it is classified as non-current. In this case, the amount of 100 would be classified as current and the amount of 115 (80+35) as non-current provision for warranties. Thus, to the extent a liability is not expected to be settled within the normal operating cycle but it is still expected to be settled within 12 months of the reporting date, it should be classified as current.

7 Classification of convertible instruments into current and non-current 7 On 1 st April, 2012 XYZ company issues 100 debentures which will be settled on 31 st March The debentures are convertible into equity shares at the option of the holder at any time. Discuss whether these debentures should be classified as current or non current liability. Also, will the classification be different if the debentures are mandatorily convertible into equity and neither the holder nor the issuer has option for cash settlement or the conversion option lies with the issuer

8 Classification of convertible instruments into current and non-current (1/3) 8 1.As per paragraph of the Guidance Note, “the terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification”. Hence if the conversion option in convertible debt is exercisable by the holder at any time, the liability cannot be classified as “current” if the maturity for cash settlement is greater than one year. Hence XYZ shall classify debentures as non current liability. 2.Paragraph states, Based on the specific exemption granted only to those cases where the conversion option is with the counterparty, the same should not be extended to other cases where such option lies with the issuer or is a mandatorily convertible instrument. For all such cases, conversion of a liability into equity should be considered as a means of settlement of the liability as defined in the Framework For the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements issued by ICAI. Accordingly, the timing of such settlement would also decide the classification of such liability in terms of Current or Non-current as defined in the Revised Schedule VI.

9 Classification of convertible instruments into current and non-current (2/3) 9 In the case of a mandatorily convertible instrument, the timing of settlement (i.e. conversion) would determine the classification of the instrument as current or non- current. For example, as at 31 March 2012, a debenture mandatorily convertible into equity on any date up to (and including) 31 March 2013 would be classified as current whereas one so convertible only on or after 1 April 2013 would be classified as non- current. Suppose that in a particular case, the instrument is mandatorily convertible into equity but the choice of (only the) timing of conversion is with the holder, i.e. he can at any time demand conversion into equity and in event of his failure to do so, the conversion will in any case occur on a specified date. In our view, since conversion is being considered a mode of settlement and the issuer does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for atleast twelve months after the reporting date, the debenture should be classified as current.

10 Classification of convertible instruments into current and non-current (3/3) 10 However, the above position leads to an anomalous situation – a debt that is not mandatorily convertible but the holder has the option to demand conversion at any time would be classified as non-current if cash settlement can occur only after 12 months whereas a similar debt that is mandatorily convertible at any point as the holder may decide would get classified as current. The position under Indian GAAP is determined by ICAI ‟ s Guidance Note which perhaps takes into account the fact that convertible debt instruments are presently classified as liability under Indian GAAP even where conversion in terms of fixed number of equity instruments is mandatory. (Till this anomaly is resolved by ICAI, the above position should be followed).

11 Presentation of revenue and excise duty on the face of the Profit and Loss 11 Revenue from operations is to be separately disclosed in the notes, showing revenue from: a)Sale of products b)Sale of services c)Other operating revenues d)Less: Excise duty However, AS – 9 requires Excise duty to be disclosed on the face of the Profit and Loss Account. Discuss how would revenue be disclosed on the face of the profit and loss account.

12 Presentation of revenue and excise duty on the face of the Profit and Loss 12 -Since Accounting Standards override Revised Schedule VI, the presentation in respect of excise duty will have to be made on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss. -In doing so, a company may choose to present the elements of revenue from sale of products, sale of services and other operating revenues also on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss instead of the Notes. -The suggested presentation on the face of the profit and loss would be: ParticularsAmount Sale of productsXXX Sale of servicesXXX Other operating revenuesXXX Less: Excise duty(XX) Turnover (Net)XXX

13 Classification of interest income from customers on amounts overdue 13 The Revised Schedule VI provides that in the ‘Statement of Profit and Loss’, the head “Other Income” includes interest income under which “Interest from customers on amounts overdue” is specifically included. However, under AS 17 (segment reporting – refer to “FAQ’ published on AS 17), the same is treated as Operating Income and not as Other Income. Then, should interest income from customers on amounts overdue instead be classified under other operating income?

14 Classification of interest income from customers on amounts overdue 14 Accounting Standards override Schedule VI. In AS 17, segment reporting, particularly interest income and interest expense is not treated as segment revenue. Further, Revised Schedule VI has specifically included interest income as operating income for finance companies. Also, in specific cases of industries (such as power generation); interest could be part of the operating income as this also forms the basis for tariff setting. In case of a manufacturing company, normally, interest income is not material and business is not done with an aim of earning interest. Practically, it is generally difficult to enforce the interest clause even though it is normally contained in all cases. Based on materiality and provisions in AS 17, the interest income on overdue outstanding is not an operating income. However, if a company, on the facts of its own case, determines that it would be appropriate to treat is as an operating income, it would have to disclose it as an accounting policy, if material.

15 Disclosure of foreign exchange earnings 15 Discuss whether the foreign exchange earnings should be disclosed gross of tax or whether they should be disclosed net of any tax deducted at source in the overseas country in which earnings have arisen.

16 Disclosure of foreign exchange earnings 16 The actual amount of earnings is the amount received after deduction of overseas of overseas tax at source, where such deduction is involve. On the other hand, the tax which is deducted at source in the overseas country is available by way of credit against the tax payable in that country. But for this credit, actual or constructive remittance may be involved from India to the overseas country for the purpose of meeting the tax liability in that country. It is, therefore, suggested that the more appropriate basis of disclosure would be gross of tax with a mention of the net of tax earnings and tax deducted of tax at source. A further advantage of this method of disclosure is that the amount which is so disclosed would agree with the financial accounts, since, in the books of accounts kept in India, the gross amount of the foreign exchange earnings would be credited to revenue, while the tax deducted at source would be debited to an appropriate account relating to payment of taxes.

17 Other Income 17 The Revised Schedule VI provides that in the ‘Statement of Profit and Loss’, the head “Other Income” includes interest income under which “Interest from customers on amounts overdue” is specifically included. However, under AS 17 (segment reporting – refer to “FAQ’ published on AS 17), the same is treated as Operating Income and not as Other Income. Then, should interest income from customers on amounts overdue instead be classified under other operating income? Accounting Standards override Schedule VI. In AS 17, segment reporting, particularly interest income and interest expense is not treated as segment revenue. Further, Revised Schedule VI has specifically included interest income as operating income for finance companies. Also, in specific cases of industries (such as power generation); interest could be part of the operating income as this also forms the basis for tariff setting. In case of a manufacturing company, normally, interest income is not material and business is not done with an aim of earning interest. Practically, it is generally difficult to enforce the interest clause even though it is normally contained in all cases. Based on materiality and provisions in AS 17, the interest income on overdue outstanding is not an operating income. However, if a company, on the facts of its own case, determines that it would be appropriate to treat is as an operating income, it would have to disclose it as an accounting policy, if material.

18 Lien over Fixed Deposits 18 In case there is lien over FDs, thereby making it impossible to convert them into cash before the agreed period, how will the FDs be presented in the balance sheet? Moreover, will the interest accrued over such FDs be also classified as current and non-current? Such fixed deposits will be coterminous with the liability. Current or non-current distinction will be applied based on the expectation to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date. Interest accrued on such deposit will also be treated on the same basis.

19 Disclosure of terms of Term Loans 19 In accordance with the Revised Schedule VI read with Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI, a company needs to disclose repayment terms of loan liabilities. These terms, among other matters, include period of maturity with respect to the balance sheet date, number and amount of installments due, applicable interest rate and other significant relevant terms. Can a company make these disclosures under appropriate buckets / range? For example, can it state that all ECB loans carry interest rate in the range of LIBOR + 1% to LIBOR + 3%”? With regard to repayment terms, paragraph of Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI states: “Disclosure of terms of repayment should be made preferably for each loan unless the repayment terms of individual loans within a category are similar, in which case, they may be aggregated.” From this, it is clear that aggregation is permissible for similar items (similar need not be exactly matching – it could be broadly within a range of closeness, which is reasonable for the given case and circumstance). Also, the intent is not to have all the interest terms explicitly stated because there could be operational sensitivities for companies to explicitly disclose such items. It is adequate in such cases to provide a range or an average as may be suitably appropriate in each case and circumstance.

20 Miscellaneous Expenditure 20 The Revised Schedule VI does not contain any specific disclosure requirement for the unamortized portion of expense items such as share issue expenses, ancillary borrowing costs and discount or premium relating to borrowings. The Old Schedule VI required these items to be included under the head “Miscellaneous Expenditure.” As per AS 16 Borrowing Costs ancillary borrowing costs and discount or premium relating to borrowings could be amortized over the loan period. Further, share issue expenses, discount on shares, ancillary costs-discount premium on borrowing, etc., being special nature items are excluded from the scope of AS 26 Intangible Assets (Para 5). Keeping this in view, certain companies have taken a view that it is an acceptable practice to amortize these expenses over the period of benefit, i.e., normally 3 to 5 years. The Revised Schedule VI does not deal with any accounting treatment and the same continues to be governed by the respective Accounting Standards/practices. Further, the Revised Schedule VI is clear that additional line items can be added on the face or in the notes. Keeping this in view, entity can disclose the unamortized portion of such expenses as “Unamortized expenses”, under the head “other current/ non-current assets”, depending on whether the amount will be amortized in the next 12 months or thereafter.

21 Current v/s Non-current (3) 21 Discuss current and non-current classification for the following: A. Liability toward bonus B. Liability towards leave encashment C.Liability towards funded post-employment benefit obligation D.Liability towards unfunded post-employment benefit obligation

22 Current v/s Non-current - Solution 22 A.Liability toward bonus: payable within one year from the Balance Sheet date is classified as “current”, balance is classified as non-current B.In case of accumulated leave outstanding as on the reporting date, the employees have already earned the right to avail the leave and they are normally entitled to avail the leave at any time during the year. To the extent the employee has unconditional right to avail the leave, the same needs to be classified as “current” even though the same is measured as ‘other long-term employee benefit’ as per AS-15. However, whether the right to defer the employee’s leave is available unconditionally with the company needs to be evaluated on a case-by-case basis – based on the terms of Employee Contract and Leave Policy, Employer’s right to postpone/deny the leave, restriction to avail leave in the next year for a maximum number of days, etc. In case of such complexities, the amount of Non-current and Current portions of leave obligation should normally be determined by a qualified Actuary.

23 Current v/s Non-current – Solution (contd.) 23 C.For funded post-employment benefit obligations, amount due for payment to the fund created for this purpose within twelve months is treated as “current” liability. D.For unfunded postemployment benefit obligations, a company will have settlement obligation at the Balance Sheet date or within twelve months for employees such as those who have already resigned or are expected to resign (which is factored for actuarial valuation) or are due for retirement within the next twelve months from the Balance Sheet date. Thus, the amount of obligation attributable to these employees is a “current” liability. The remaining amount attributable to other employees, who are likely to continue in the services for more than a year, is classified as “non-current” liability. Normally the actuary should determine the amount of current & non-current liability for unfunded post-employment benefit obligation based on the definition of Current and Non-current assets and liabilities in the Revised Schedule VI

24 Employee Benefits – (1/2) 24 Regarding funded post-employment benefit obligations, amount due for payment to the fund created for this purpose within twelve months is treated as “current” liability. Regarding the unfunded postemployment benefit obligations, a company will have settlement obligation at the Balance Sheet date or within twelve months for employees such as those who have already resigned or are expected to resign (which is factored for actuarial valuation) or are due for retirement within the next twelve months from the Balance Sheet date. Thus, the amount of obligation attributable to these employees is a “current” liability. The remaining amount attributable to other employees, who are likely to continue in the services for more than a year, is classified as “non-current” liability

25 Employee Benefits – (2/2) 25  Liability toward bonus, etc., payable within one year from the Balance Sheet date is classified as “current”.  In case of accumulated leave outstanding as on the reporting date, the employees have already earned the right to avail the leave and they are normally entitled to avail the leave at any time during the year. To the extent, the employee has unconditional right to avail the leave, the same needs to be classified as “current” even though the same is measured as ‘other long-term employee benefit’ as per AS-15. However, whether the right to defer the employee’s leave is available unconditionally with the company needs to be evaluated on a case to case basis – based on the terms of Employee Contract and Leave Policy, Employer’s right to postpone/deny the leave, restriction to avail leave in the next year for a maximum number of days, etc.

26 Disclosure under employee benefits 26 Will the following expenses be disclosed under employee benefits? a)ESOP / ESPP to directors b)Sitting fees to directors c)Compensation paid to persons under contract of services d)Compensation paid to persons under contract for services e)Penalties paid to statutory authorities on employee benefit related dues

27 27 -ESOP / ESPP for all directors (executive and non-executive) would be disclosed under the head Employee benefits -Sitting fees paid to non-executive directors should not be included in employee benefits -Compensation paid to persons under contract of services should be included as part of employee benefits as the employer employee relationship is established -Compensation paid to persons under contract for services should not be included. -Penalties paid to statutory authorities on employee benefit related dues are not in the nature of contribution to funds and hence should not be a part of employee benefits. Disclosure under employee benefits

28 Other Income 28 Sale of Fixed Assets Sale of Fixed Assets is not an operating activity of a company, and hence, profit on sale of fixed assets should be classified as other income and not other operating revenue. On the other hand, sale of manufacturing scrap arising from operations for a manufacturing company should be treated as other operating revenue since the same arises on account of the company’s main operating activity. Gain/(Loss) on foreign exchange Net foreign exchange gain should be classified as Other Income. This is because such gain or loss arises purely on account of fluctuation in exchange rates and not on account of sale of products or services rendered, unless the business of the company is to deal in foreign exchange.

29 Disclosure for revalued assets 29 Revised Schedule VI requires an entity to disclose increased or reduced amounts along with amount of increase or decrease for a period of 5 years subsequent to the date of revaluation AS 10 Accounting for Fixed Assets requires a company to disclose details such as gross book value of revalued assets, method of revaluation, nature of indices used, year of appraisal etc. as long as the concerned assets are held by the enterprise Disclosure requirements of the Accounting Standards are in addition to disclosures required under the Schedule. Also, in case of any conflict, the Accounting Standards will prevail over the Schedule. Accordingly, details required by AS 10 will have to be given as long as the asset is held by the company.

30 Manufacturing Companies – Disclosures 30 The value of the raw materials consumed, giving item-wise breakup and indicating the quantities thereof. In this break-up, as far as possible, all important basic raw materials shall be shown separately. The intermediates or components procured from other manufacturers may, if their list is too large to be included in the break-up, be grouped under suitable headings without mentioning the quantities, provided all those items which in value individually account for 10 per cent or more of the total value of raw material consumed shall be shown as separate and distinct items with quantities thereof in the break-up. In this case, if a company falls under more than one category, it shall be sufficient compliance with the requirements, if the total amounts are shown in respect of the opening and closing stocks, Purchases, Sales and Consumption of raw materials with value and quantitative break-up and the gross income from services rendered is shown.

31 Tax Financial Statements 31 Companies having December year ending and guidance note suggests that Tax financials are prepared under Revised Schedule VI. In addition to that, a question arises whether all disclosed as is required for statutory financials are also required to be made. Generally in practice, many information not relevant to tax is not being provided. Viz., CIF value of exports, audit fees, expenditure in foreign currency, etc

32 Concept of ‘offset’ 32 There is no guidance in Indian GAAP on offsetting except for certain references in AS -22. It is normally a practice to offset similar type of income, expenses, assets and liabilities viz., interest, rentals etc. Normally the offsetting is to be done only when there is a legal right to offset or to reflect the substance of the transaction. If not, offsetting should not be done.

33 Cash Flow Statement – Current and Non-Current Presentation 33 As part of working capital movement and investing and financing activities, is it mandatory to present a separate movement for current and non -current components? For example, a company has segregated trade receivables into current and non-current components based on the Revised Schedule VI criteria. Is it mandatory for the company to disclose movement in current and non-current trade receivables separately? AS 3 Cash Flow Statements does not mandate such presentation. Nor is such presentation required in Revised Schedule VI or Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI. Hence, it is not mandatory for a company to present separate movement / inflows and outflows from current and noncurrent components of various line items separately.

34 34 Thanking you, Darshan varma id: Ph no:


Download ppt "Revised Schedule VI – Case Studies. Current and non-current presentation – Assets 2 Expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google