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Self-Study Training Module 2 Sponsored by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture Rural Health and Safety Education Grant: 2010-2012: (Grant # 2010-46100-21841);

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Presentation on theme: "Self-Study Training Module 2 Sponsored by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture Rural Health and Safety Education Grant: 2010-2012: (Grant # 2010-46100-21841);"— Presentation transcript:

1 Self-Study Training Module 2 Sponsored by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture Rural Health and Safety Education Grant: 2010-2012: (Grant # 2010-46100-21841); 2012-2013: (Grant # 2012-46100- 20145 )

2 DEVELOPED BY: Sarah L. Francis PhD, MHS, RD Assistant Professor/State Nutrition Extension and Outreach Specialist Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition Jennifer Margrett, PhD Associate Professor Department of Human Development and Family Studies Warren D. Franke, PhD Professor Director, The Exercise Clinic at ISU Department of Kinesiology Iowa State University Ames, IA 2012

3 OLDER ADULT OVERVIEW Demographics Misconceptions Aging Myths Older Adults as Learners

4 Demographics The older adult population in the United States is growing and diversifying!

5 What Comes to Mind? Senior citizens Old people Aging Older Adults Elderly

6 Misconceptions about Older Adults Frail Forgetful Senile Poor health Lonely Dependent on others Grouchy Sick Unknowing Unintelligent

7 Ageism Makes it difficult to see older adults as they actually are Isolates the older generation socially Spreads the fear of aging

8 Let’s see how accurately you know the older adult population: MYTH or REALITY?

9 Most older adults are alone and lonely Number of close friends throughout a person’s life stays the same Reported feelings of loneliness less often than young adults MYTH

10 MYTH or REALITY ? Most older adults are in poor health Over 2/3 of those 65+ said they were in good, very good, or excellent health 80% of those 85+ carry out all daily activities MYTH

11 MYTH or REALITY ? Older adults tend to have a slower reaction time than those who are younger. As we age, the speed of our reflexes and movements decrease REALITY

12 MYTH or REALITY ? Older adults are less productive than younger workers Older adults are: o Highly motivated o Flexible with work schedules o Reliable & have low rates of absenteeism o Excellent mentors for younger workers MYTH

13 MYTH or REALITY ? Most older adults have no interest in or capacity for intimate relations Good health, not age, is the key to intimate relationships throughout life MYTH

14 MYTH or REALITY ? Most older adults end up in nursing homes Only about 5% of older adults live in a nursing home 3 out of 4 Americans will never reside in a nursing home MYTH

15 MYTH or REALITY ? All five senses tend to decline with aging By late adulthood, vision and hearing are almost always impaired. o 9 out of 10 older adults need glasses o 1 out of 3 would benefit from a hearing aid REALITY

16 MYTH or REALITY ? Physical strength tends to decline in old age Physical strength declines The lung vital capacity declines Exercise can counteract and limit the amount of loss in strength REALITY

17 MYTH or REALITY ? The majority of older adults feel miserable much of the time The majority report high levels of life satisfaction MYTH

18 MYTH or REALITY ? In general, most older adults are pretty much alike Older adults are more diverse than younger adults in: o Life-style o Income o Personality MYTH

19 MYTH or REALITY ? The majority of older adults have incomes below the poverty level 1 in 10 older adults live in poverty The poverty rate among older adults age 65+ is lower than those under 65 years MYTH

20 MYTH or REALITY ? The majority of older adults are working or would like to have some kind of work to do 1 out of 3 individuals over the age of 75 are involved in volunteer activities Most older adults say they are seldom bored REALITY

21 MYTH or REALITY ? Older adults are stubborn, set in their ways and don’t like to try new things. Over 80% of older consumers are receptive to new products and services MYTH

22 MYTH or REALITY ? Older adults avoid new technologies In 1998, over 25% of computers were purchased by older adults Older adults spend more time on the Internet than 12-17 year olds MYTH

23 MYTH or REALITY ? Playing bingo and cards are the number one and two recreational activities for seniors 27% of older adults attend movies, sports events, clubs, and group events MYTH

24 MYTH or REALITY ? Older adults learn new things at a slower speed than younger generations Thinking processes slow with age Limited eye sight and hearing loss can decrease the amount of “information” that travels to the brain. REALITY

25 MYTH or REALITY ? When you turn 65, you become a senior citizen The least important way individuals age is by chronological age MYTH

26 MYTH or REALITY ? Physical handicaps are the primary factors limiting the activities of older adults 75% say they are healthy enough to carry out their normal daily activities independently MYTH

27 MYTH or REALITY ? Older generations tend to be more religious than younger generations People generally keep the same level of religious belief throughout their lives, but there is a trend of religiosity being greater in the older generation than in younger generations REALITY

28 MYTH or REALITY ? Pain is a natural part of the aging process “A man goes to the doctor complaining of pain in his right knee. The doctor says to him, “You have to expect this. You are getting older". To which the man replies, "My other knee is just as old and it doesn't hurt." MYTH

29 MYTH or REALITY ? The majority of older adults say they feel irritated or angry most of the time Older adults are no more angry or happy than younger adults MYTH

30 Older Adults… Do not become “more” of anything as they age Are just as capable as anyone else in completing most activities Are happy with their life Stay active and busy

31 The strongest predictor of high life- satisfaction in later life is the perception that one’s life is purposeful and has a positive evaluation of one’s mental and physical health.

32 Older Adults Diet, exercise, substance-free habits, and a sense of purpose can: – Slow the effects of aging – Prolong vitality – Prevent or postpone disability

33 Older Adults as Learners Older adults spend more than 300 hours each year in learning endeavors

34 Older Adults as Learners Big picture Need for community Goal-oriented Practical Independent “Hands-on” approach

35 Older Adults as Learners Physical limitations Slower pace Gain competence and mastery Results-oriented

36 Building Relationships Show respect Take into consideration any physical limitations, but do not overlook what they are still capable of doing Interact with older adults continuously to grow more comfortable with them Quality of time spent together rather than quantity of time

37 Building Relationships Be engaged during time together Stay interested in the activity or conversation Show concern and empathy when needed Treat them as a friend, not as an older adult

38 Working with Older Adults Be safe, sensitive, & alert to individual needs Dress appropriately Be kind and understanding Be aware of age-related sensory changes

39 “The oldest trees often bear the sweetest fruit.”

40 For more information… Read Chapter 3 in the LIFE Program manual

41 Preparing for Training Workshop Complete all self-study modules Read the entire LIFE Program manual Wear loose fitting comfortable clothing. You will be taking part in the exergaming and interactive game activities.

42 Sources Carnaham, R. and Parker, S. (2002). Serving seniors: a resource manual for Missouri libraries. MO: Missouri State Library. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Health data interactive. [November 19, 2010] Harris, D.K., Changas, P.S., and Palmore, E.B. (1996). Palmore’s first Facts on Aging Quiz in a multiple-choice format. Educational Gerontology, 22(6): 575- 589.) Hiemstra, E. (1980). Guiding the older adult learner. Education Resources Information Center. Lingren, H. (1991). Myths and facts about aging. University of Hawaii at Manoa Cooperative Extension Service. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Administration on Aging (2009). A profile of older Americans: 2009. Wilken, C. S. (2008). Myths and realities of aging. University of Florida IFAS Extension.

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