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1 Al-Kadhim Anecdotes and Sayings By A.S. Hashim. MD Sayings of Imams taken from: http://www.ezsoftech.com/islamic/infallible10.asp http://www.ezsoftech.com/islamic/infallible10.asp Ziyarah of Imams taken from: http://www.ziaraat.org/

2 About this slide show: This slide show deals with: a.Al-Kadhim during his Imamah works b.A number of his Du’aas c.Many of his sayings d.Incidents and Anecdotes e.Ziyarah for him with its translation f.It also shows his shrine

3 Who is Al-Kadhim? Lineage Hameeda, Al-Maghribiya

4 Lineage Father Al-Saadiq Mother Hameeda From Maghrib Grandfather Al-Baaqir Al-Kadhim

5 Al-Kadhim: advent of his Imamah Al-Saadiq was 65 years old when he died in 148H Before his death Al-Saadiq gave a will to his son Al- Kadhim recommending emphasis to serve Allah, piety, perfection of character, and good works in the society. Before his death Al-Saadiq gave a will to his son Al- Kadhim recommending emphasis to serve Allah, piety, perfection of character, and good works in the society. In addition Al-Saadiq left a Special Will naming, 1.Khalifa Al-Mansoor, 2.the Governor of Medina, 3.Abdullah, the oldest son of Al-Saadiq, 4.Hameeda, wife of Al-Saadiq, and 5.Musa Al-Kadhim to be the heirs.

6 Al-Kadhim’s Imamah Imamah: Age 20 through 55 Yrs Started by 148H Ended by 183H Period of Imamah: 35 years Most recorded sayings were during this period

7 The Golden Chain of Narration Thousands of Hadiths were narrated and quoted through Al-Kadhim He often said, "My Hadith is the Hadith of my father, and his is the Hadith of his father, up to Ali, who directly narrated the Hadith from Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)." This is called the Golden Chain of Narration. These Hadiths were of immense importance, since they corrected the inaccuracies and set right the contaminations which had crept into this science. These Hadiths were of immense importance, since they corrected the inaccuracies and set right the contaminations which had crept into this science.

8 Golden Chain of Narration: (so far) Muhammad (pbuh)

9 Chain of Quoting Hadith and other Information The Golden Chain of Narration

10 Corpus of Knowledge Corpus of Knowledge consists of the following: Quran in chorological order Tafseer (Mus’haf Fatima) Hadith (Saheefa of Ali) Ah’kaamAl-Jafr 1.White Jafr: Prophets and early times 2.Red Jafr: Rules of war in Islam

11 Corpus of Knowledge Al-Kadhim stored the Corpus of Knowledge in a special room None was allowed in the room except He and his son Al-Ridha By this time the books had become fragile with age: the ink fading and the fragile Parchment paper had to be handled with care The books were too precious to be exposed to damage

12 The Religious Views at the Time Numerous Piety-minded communities were already in existence; headed by its leader called Aalim. They were each active and many were highly influential. To mention just a few there were: 1. The Shi'a (Imamah-Asserters), 2. School of Ibn Abbas, 3. School of Ibn Omar, 4. Murji'ah, 5. Khariji, 6. Mu'tazila, 7. Jabriah, 8. Qadariyah, 9. Jah'miyyah 10. Along with less important others

13 Al-Kadhim Contemporary to 4 Khalifas Al-Mansoor for 10 years Al-Mahdi, son of Mansoor: for 10 years Al-Haadi, son of Mansoor: for 1 year Al-Rasheed, son of Al-Mahdi: for 15 years

14 Similarity with Zainul Abideen Al ‑ Kadhim used to do Sujood frequently. This led to callosities of his forehead and the tip of the nose Used to perform Salat to an excessive extent, more so Salat of Tahajjud. Used to cry often out of awe and reverence to Allah. Used to fast quite often during the year. To perform Haj or Omrah, Al ‑ Kadhim went on foot accompanied by his family, Used to go at night to distribute food, flour, and money to people in need without anyone knowing about him (until he was detained). It is said that Imam Al ‑ Kadhim was instrumental in freeing about 1,000 slaves during his lifetime.

15 The Institute of Ahlul Bayt Suffers Over 75 years the institute had continued to operate during tough or accommodating times It had grown speedily during Al ‑ Baaqir's Imamah, then exponentially during Al ‑ Saadiq's times. By Al ‑ Kadhim’s Imamah, Al ‑ Mansoor introduced severe measures of surveillance (informants). Due to these limitations, the Institute suffered and became a fraction of yesteryear. However, the activities did not cease, and Al ‑ Kadhim continued to teach but with an eye on the political situation.

16 Al-Kadhim in his thirties Al-Mansoor dies and his son Al-Mahdi is the Khalifa, who was religious and less suspecting Less trouble with informants and spies for about 10 years Khalifa requests Al-Kadhim to meet him in Baghdad to reassure him that he would not be a threat to him The Institute of Ahlul Bayt is reactivated and revitalized Al-Kadhim builds a suburb of Medina called Suraya Suraya becomes locality to meet and discuss

17 Al-Kadhim in his forties 168H: When Khalifa Al ‑ Mahdi (son of Al ‑ Mansoor) died, Al ‑ Kadhim was 40 years old, and had been the highest Islamic figure for 20 years. 168H: When Khalifa Al ‑ Mahdi (son of Al ‑ Mansoor) died, Al ‑ Kadhim was 40 years old, and had been the highest Islamic figure for 20 years. Many of the students who had learned at the hands of Al ‑ Saadiq continued to study at the hands of Al ‑ Kadhim. Many of the students who had learned at the hands of Al ‑ Saadiq continued to study at the hands of Al ‑ Kadhim. Many outstanding scholars finished their studies and wrote a number of books. Many outstanding scholars finished their studies and wrote a number of books. Al-Ridha was 20 years old by then and had been very active in the affairs of the Institute of Ahlul Bayt.

18 In his fifties By the Khilaafah of Haroon Al ‑ Rashid the Institute of Ahlul Bayt had grown to such an extent that it had held extreme power. By the Khilaafah of Haroon Al ‑ Rashid the Institute of Ahlul Bayt had grown to such an extent that it had held extreme power. 1.The Institute held a large sway and continued to be uncompromising with Benu Abbas and expose the un ‑ Islamic activities of the Khalifa and his courtiers. 1.The Institute held a large sway and continued to be uncompromising with Benu Abbas and expose the un ‑ Islamic activities of the Khalifa and his courtiers. 2.The Institute had grown so influential and had such a vast following that its formidable underground network frightened Khalifa of the time: Al-Rashid. 2.The Institute had grown so influential and had such a vast following that its formidable underground network frightened Khalifa of the time: Al-Rashid. 3.The informants of the Khalifa, on the other hand, were still around. Their reports brought forth distrust and high suspicion. 3.The informants of the Khalifa, on the other hand, were still around. Their reports brought forth distrust and high suspicion. 4.For the Khalifa it was a dilemma as to what to do.

19 Al-Kadhim in his Fifties 1. Had built Suraya 2. Administers the Devotees 3. Collects the Khums 4. Representatives all over 5. Frightens the Government As the Imam

20 Al-Kadhim and the Powers of Oppression 2. Al-Rasheed Frightened of him 3. Al-Kadhim is Detained in Basra 4. Is moved to Baghdad 5. Detained for 4 years 6. Spends his Time in prayer 7. Dies of Poisoning delivered by Ibn Shaahik 1. Vast Spiritual Power Al-Kadhim Al-Kadhim in his Fifties

21 Al-Kadhim was taken to Baghdad

22 Al-Kadhim dies Year of 183H: Al-Kadhim died at the age of 55, after 4 year incarceration. When Al ‑ Kadhim died the authorities (sensing accusations) called on some high ranking people to witness for themselves that Imam Al- Kadhim had died a natural death. When Al ‑ Kadhim died the authorities (sensing accusations) called on some high ranking people to witness for themselves that Imam Al- Kadhim had died a natural death. After the funeral rituals, the funeral procession was stopped at the bridge in Baghdad, Al-Kadhim’s face was shown to the people to convey the fact that he had died a natural death Al-Kadhim was buried in Benu Hashim graveyard in Baghdad. Previously Al-Kadhim had designated his son, Al ‑ Ridha, as the subsequent Imam, and he gave him a will containing a treasure of wisdom, and handed him the books constituting the Corpus of Knowledge which Imam Ali had written before.

23 Al ‑ Rashid says to his son about Al-Kadhim: Addressing his son, Al-Rashid said: “Al ‑ Kadhim Is the Imam of this Ummah, and Allah's sign over His creation, and he is the commander over them.” هذا إمام الناس، وحجة الله على خلقه، وخليفته على عباده “Son, [Al ‑ Kadhim] is the inheritor of knowledge of the Prophets, he is Musa Ibn Ja'far, and if you want to seek correct knowledge seek it from him.” يا بنيَّ هذا وارث علم النبيين، هذا موسى بن جعفر، إن إردتَّ العلم الصحيح فعند هذا

24 Sample counsel he gave to Hisham, #1 one of his adherents: O Hisham, to forebear loneliness is a sign of your strength: for the one who is conscious of Allah, will forsake people (and their pursuit of the material world) in favor of being with Allah. Allah will be the intimate in this man's desolation, the friend in his loneliness, the wealth in his dearth, and the support in the deficiency of his kinfolk. O Hisham, people are created to obey Allah. There is no deliverance but by Allah's obedience. O Hisham, people are created to obey Allah. There is no deliverance but by Allah's obedience. Obedience is achieved first by knowledge and knowledge is obtained through learning, which comes by way of intellect. Obedience is achieved first by knowledge and knowledge is obtained through learning, which comes by way of intellect. Superior knowledge can be acquired from the spiritual scholar, and it is understood by reason.

25 Sample counsel he gave to Hisham, #2 one of his adherents: O Hisham, a small deed of a scholar in Islam is accepted and multiplied by Allah, while even abundance of good deeds performed by immoral and ignorant people are rejected by Allah. O Hisham, scholars are satisfied with the little of the material world if it is with the gift of wisdom. scholars are satisfied with the little of the material world if it is with the gift of wisdom. They are discontent with little wisdom even with abundance of the material world. They are discontent with little wisdom even with abundance of the material world. For this reason their vocation is highly profitable…..

26 Al-Kadhim’s Counsel to followers “Acquire deep understanding of the Deen [Islamic religion] for by that is the key to Inner Insight, the perfection of worship, the means to high station and to high ranks in both this world and the eternal one. “Acquire deep understanding of the Deen [Islamic religion] for by that is the key to Inner Insight, the perfection of worship, the means to high station and to high ranks in both this world and the eternal one. The superiority of a Scholar in Fiqh over a ritual worshipper is like the sun outshining the stars. The superiority of a Scholar in Fiqh over a ritual worshipper is like the sun outshining the stars. It is less likely that Allah would accept good deeds from a person who neglects to study his belief. تفقهوا في الدين فإ ن الفقه مفتاح البصيرة وتمام العباده والسبب إلى المنازل الرفيعه والرتب الجليلة في الدين والدنيا، تفقهوا في الدين فإ ن الفقه مفتاح البصيرة وتمام العباده والسبب إلى المنازل الرفيعه والرتب الجليلة في الدين والدنيا، وفضل الفقيه على العابد كفضل الشمس على الكواكب، ومن لم يتفقه في دينه لم يرض الله له عملاُ

27 A Counsel to followers Grant yourself a portion of the earthly world by enjoying its desires of the lawful, but without going to excess or being vain. Make use of it to help you fulfill your Islamic duties, For it is reported that: “He is not one of us who neglects his earthly world for the sake of the Next world, nor who neglects his Next world for the sake of the earthly one. إجعلوا لأنفسكم حظاً من الدنيا بإعطائها ما تشتهي من الحلال، وما لا يثلم المروءه وما لا سِرْفَ فيه، إجعلوا لأنفسكم حظاً من الدنيا بإعطائها ما تشتهي من الحلال، وما لا يثلم المروءه وما لا سِرْفَ فيه، واستعينوا بذلك على أُمور الدين، فإنه روي: ليس منا من ترك دنياه لدينه، أو ترك دينه لدنياه

28 When asked about Tawhid, al-Kadhim answered: Do not go beyond what Allah mentioned in His Book about Tawhid, lest you suffer spiritually. And know that Allah, the exalted, is One, Unique, and Everlasting. He does not beget, thus no one may inherit Him; nor is Allah begotten, therefore there is no partner with Him. Allah has no companion, son, or associate. No intellect can evaluate Allah. No guess can grasp Allah. No cosmos can surround Allah. No place may contain Allah. No sight may see Allah. Allah is the Gentle and the Aware. There is nothing like Him, for He is the All- Hearing, All-Seeing, and there is no secret consultation between three but Allah makes the fourth among them.....

29 When asked about Tawhid, he answered: Allah is the One who is Ever-Living who does not die. Allah is the One who is Ever-Living who does not die. Allah is the Omnipotent who fails not, the Subduer who cannot be defeated, the Clement who never hastens, the Everlasting who does not die the Eternal who does not perish, He is the Permanent who does not vanish, the Ever-Rich who never needs, the Mighty who cannot be degraded, the All-knowing, never ignorant, the Just who never wrongs, and Allah is the Generous who is never stingy.

30 Short Du’aa by Al-Kadhim I rely on Allah, the Ever-Living who does not die. I rely on Allah, the Ever-Living who does not die. I fortify myself by way of Allah, the One with the Glory and Might. I fortify myself by way of Allah, the One with the Glory and Might. I seek help from Allah, the One with the Majesty and the Domain. O Allah my Lord! O Allah my Lord! I submit to Thee, so do not give me up. I submit to Thee, so do not give me up. I rely on Thee, so do not let me down. I rely on Thee, so do not let me down. I take refuge in Thy sanctuary, so do not throw me away. O Allah my Lord! O Allah my Lord! You are the goal and to Thee is the refuge. You are the goal and to Thee is the refuge. You know what I hide and disclose. You know what I hide and disclose. You know the wily glance of the eyes and what is in the hearts. You know the wily glance of the eyes and what is in the hearts. O Allah keep off me the might of the offenders of the Jinn and mankind, and let me have the cure, O Most Merciful, Most Gracious.” O Allah keep off me the might of the offenders of the Jinn and mankind, and let me have the cure, O Most Merciful, Most Gracious.”

31 Al-Kadhim's advice to one of his sons: Son, let not Allah see you in an act from which He had prohibited you, nor let Him miss you in an act of obedience which He had ordered you to perform. I ask you to be diligent in your worship. Think not that you have worshiped Allah enough, for Allah cannot be worshiped adequately as He should. Son, avoid frivolous talk because it takes away the Noor [Light] of your faith and carries away your propriety. Beware of discontent and lethargy, for they hinder your lot of the present life and the next….. Beware of discontent and lethargy, for they hinder your lot of the present life and the next…..

32 Select Sayings As I see it man's knowledge falls into four categories: 1.that you Comprehend Allah your Lord, 2.that you Understand what Allah has provided for you, 3.that you Recognize what Allah wants from you, and 4.that you Identify what can take you out of the bounds the Deen [Islam]. 4.that you Identify what can take you out of the bounds the Deen [Islam]. Make sure to expend your time into four portions: Make sure to expend your time into four portions: 1.one portion for supplications; 1.one portion for supplications; 2.one portion for livelihood; 2.one portion for livelihood; 3.one portion for socializing with the trustworthy; and 4.one portion for the lawful enjoyments [which empower you for the other three portions].

33 Select Sayings about Nobility He is under Allah's protection the one who is generous and noble. Allah will be with him until he enters the Garden of Bliss. For such that every Prophet whom Allah sent were known. My father [Al-Saadiq] continued to advice me to be a giver and have noble character until he died. Helping of the meek [weak people] is one of the best forms of Sadaqah (charity). Helping of the meek [weak people] is one of the best forms of Sadaqah (charity). Do not consider the abundance of bounties as excessive, nor underrate the minor sins. For the minor sins do accumulate and soon become too many. Thus, in your hearts should be the apprehension of Allah which leads you to be wholesome in life.

34 Select Sayings about Character To be neighborly is not only to refrain from harming your neighbor, but also to endure the trouble they may cause. To be neighborly is not only to refrain from harming your neighbor, but also to endure the trouble they may cause. The atonement for the wrongs of a malicious ruler is to effect good deeds to others. Be not a person without character who says `I follow the crowd'. For Allah's Messenger (pbuh) has said, “There are but two ways: One leads to good and the other to evil. Let you people prefer the way to the good.” Once he comprehends Allah his Lord, a person should neither consider his livelihood meager nor faults Allah in His Decree [Allah's Will]. Once he comprehends Allah his Lord, a person should neither consider his livelihood meager nor faults Allah in His Decree [Allah's Will].

35 Select Sayings about Select Sayings about Moral Fiber Be not averse to spend in Allah's cause, lest you spend twice as much in Allah's disobedience. Be not averse to spend in Allah's cause, lest you spend twice as much in Allah's disobedience. Maintain proper manners with your brothers in faith, for to lack decorum is lacking in dignity. A favor done to you is a perpetual shackle to your neck, not removed until repaid or by a word of thanks. The person who accedes to wicked deeds will have no space in his heart for moral deeds.

36 Select Sayings about Demeanor When two people exchange insults, the superior in rank will have degraded himself to the lowly one. When two people exchange insults, the superior in rank will have degraded himself to the lowly one. The magnitude of the wrong-doing is gauged best by the one who is subjected to it. The magnitude of the wrong-doing is gauged best by the one who is subjected to it. To cultivate affinity [good terms] with people constitutes a large measure of wisdom The pain of disaster is felt once by the patient person, but twice as much by the intolerant.

37 Select Sayings about Behavior Keep up supplicating, for supplicating to Allah and asking Him for relief will prevent afflictions, even though it had been decreed. He will perish, the one who examines the essence of Allah. He will perish, the one who examines the essence of Allah. And he will decline, the one who covets domination undeservedly. And he will decline, the one who covets domination undeservedly. And he will dwindle, the one who prides in himself arrogantly. And he will dwindle, the one who prides in himself arrogantly.

38 Sample Du’aa by Al-Kadhim O’ Allah I beseech Thee for Thy Mercy, and I beseech Thee for what achieves Thy Forgiveness: and I ask Thee to enhance me with every virtue, and safeguard me from every sin, and I ask Thee to let me be Paradise-worthy and safeguarded from hellfire. Let any of my needs in which is Thy pleasure and which is beneficial for me, but that You grant it; O Lord! Grant me what You like and let it be good for me. O Lord! What You let me forget, let it not be Thy remembrance, and of what I love, to not love your disobedience….. اللّهم إنّي أسألك موجبات رحمتك، وعزائم مغفرتك، وأسألك الغنيمة من كل برّ، والسلامة من كل إثم، وأسألك الفوز بالجنّة، والنجاة من النار. اللّهم رضّني بقضائك حتّى لا أحب تعجيل ما أخّرت، ولا تأخير ما عجّلت عليّ، اللّهم اعطني ما أحببت، واجعله خيراً لي، اللّهم ما أنسيتني فلا تنسني ذكرك، وما أحببت فلا أحب معصيتك...

39 Du’aa by Al-Kadhim on Fridays اِلـهى خَشَعَتِ الاصْواتُ لَكَ وَضَلَّتِ الاَحْلامُ فيكَ وَوَجِلَ كُلُّ شَيء مِنْكَ وَهرَبَ كُلُّ شَيء اِلَيْكَ وَضاقَتِ الاَشْياءُ دُونَكَ وَمَلاَ كُلَّ شَيء نُورُكَ فَأَنْتَ الرَّفيعُ في جَلالِكَ وَاَنْتَ الْبَهِيُّ فى جَمالِكَ وَاَنْتَ الْعَظيمُ فى قُدْرَتِكَ وَاْنَتَ الَّذى لا يَؤودُكَ شَيءٌ يامُنْزِلَ نِعْمَتى يا مُفَرِّجَ كُرْبَتى وَيا قاضِي حاجَتي اَعْطِني مَسْأَلَتي بِلا اِلـهَ إلاّ اَنْتَ آمَنْتُ بِكَ مُخْلِصاً لَكَ ديني، اَصْبَحْتُ عَلى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، اَبُوءُ لَكَ بِالنِّعْمَةِ وَاَسْتَغْفِرُكَ مِنْ الذُّنُوبِ الَّتى لايَغْفِرُها غَيْرُكَ يا مَنْ هُوَ في عُلُوِّهِ دان وَفي دُنُوِّهِ عال وَفي اِشْراقِهِ مُنيرٌ وفي سُلْطانِهِ قَوِيٌّ صَلِّ عَلى مُحَمَّد وَآلِهِ.

40 Shrine of Al-Kadhim and Al-Jawaad

41 Ziyarah (Visitation) السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا وَلِيَّ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ وَلِيِّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حُجَّةَ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ حُجَّتِهِ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَفِيَّ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ صَفِيِّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِينَ اللَّهِ وَابْنَ أَمِينِهِ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نُورَ اللَّهِ فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْأَرْضِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا إِمَامَ الْهُدَى‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَلَمَ الدِّينِ وَالتُّقَى السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَازِنَ عِلْمِ النَّبِيِّينَ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَازِنَ عِلْمِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَائِبَ الْأَوْصِيَاءِ السَّابِقِينَ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَعْدِنَ الْوَحْيِ الْمُبِينِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا صَاحِبَ الْعِلْمِ الْيَقِينِ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عَيْبَةَ عِلْمِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا الْإِمَامُ الصَّالِحُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا الْإِمَامُ الزَّاهِدُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا الْإِمَامُ الْعَابِدُ ……

42 Translation of Ziyarah (Visitation) Peace be on you, O Devotee of Allah, and the son of His Devotee! Peace be on you, O Decisive argument of Allah, and the son of His argument! Peace be on you, O Disciple of Allah, and the son of His Disciple! Peace be on you, O Confidant of Allah, and the son of His Confidant! Peace be on you, O Light of Allah in the darkness of the ignorant! Peace be on you, O Guide who shows the right path! Peace be on you, O Symbol of religion and piety! Peace be on you, O Treasurer of the wisdom of the Prophets! Peace be on you, O Treasurer of the wisdom of the Messengers! Peace be on you, O Vicegerent of the earlier guardians, Peace be on you, O Depository of the evident revelations!…

43 In Conclusion Al-Kadhim: the symbol of patience for the sake of God Discussed in this slide show: Teachings had to be circumspect Teachings had to be circumspect Benu Abbas on the look out of his activities Benu Abbas on the look out of his activities Shrinkage of the Institute of Ahlul Bayt Shrinkage of the Institute of Ahlul Bayt His incarceration tested the mettle of his patience His incarceration tested the mettle of his patience His Du’aas and Sayings are the guiding light His Du’aas and Sayings are the guiding light

44 For Details Go to: Islamicbooks.info then choose: Series of Islamic Books: Life of Ahlul Bayt Vol. III

45 Be in Allah’s Care Thank you and May God Bless you. Dr. A.S. Hashim


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