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Depression and Suicide. Depression Depression ► Experienced with loss or failure -ex. friend moving away, getting cut from a team ► Usually will lift.

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Presentation on theme: "Depression and Suicide. Depression Depression ► Experienced with loss or failure -ex. friend moving away, getting cut from a team ► Usually will lift."— Presentation transcript:

1 Depression and Suicide

2 Depression Depression ► Experienced with loss or failure -ex. friend moving away, getting cut from a team ► Usually will lift after a few days or weeks

3 Clinical Depression ► Mood disorder in which one experiences feelings of despair, sadness, and hopelessness for prolonged periods of time ► Unable to enjoy activities that were once a source of pleasure ► People become unable to accomplish their daily tasks

4 Clinical Depression (cont) ► Can cause problems at school, home, and in one’s social life ► If untreated, can lead to substance abuse, serious behavior problems, and even suicide

5 Recognizing Depression ► It is normal to be moody, irritable, or tired at times ► About one in 12 teens will experience clinical depression before 18 ► After 15, females are twice as likely as males to suffer from depression ► Some teens may have a single episode of clinical depression; others experience more than one episode of depression

6 Signs of Clinical Depression ► Change in appetite; significant weight gains or losses ► Change in sleep patterns; difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much ► Change in activity level; sluggish or frantic ► Loss of interest in usual activities ► Loss of energy; always tired ► Hopelessness; excessive guilt ► Difficulty thinking/ concentrating ► Repeated thoughts of death and suicide

7 Risk Factors ► Depression rarely appears “out of the blue” ► Risk factors identified for depression:  A parent or biological relative with a mood disorder  A major life change or prolonged stressful situation  Being a victim of a violent crime or witnessing violence  A previous bout of depression  A sense of hopelessness

8 Treatment for Depression ► Medication:  Chemicals in brain control how signals pass from once nerve cell to another  Depression inhibits the brain from using these chemicals properly  Medication helps to restore normal brain functions ► Mental health professionals:  Provide new strategies for coping

9 Self-Injury ► Unhealthy way to cope with emotions, stress, or traumatic events ► Way of trying to “feel better” ► Provides temporary relief from painful feelings  Cutting  Burning

10 Self-Injury: Cutting (cont) ► Cutting: the use of a sharp object to intentionally cut or scratch ones body deep enough to bleed  Often begins on an impulse  Way to distract oneself from unbearable feelings of rejection and helplessness  Way of controlling things

11 Self-Injury: Cutting (cont) ► Unhealthy coping mechanism: people who do it have not developed healthy ways of dealing with strong emotions, intense pressure, or upsetting relationship problems. ► Compulsive behavior - The more a person does it, the more he or she feels the need to do it.  The brain starts to connect the false sense of relief; craves this relief the next time tension builds.  Can seem impossible to stop; an addiction

12 Self-Injury: Cutting (cont) ► The urge to cut might be triggered by strong feelings the person can't express - such as anger, hurt, shame, frustration, or depression. ► People who cut or self-injure sometimes have other mental health problems  Ex. depression, bipolar disorder, eating disorders, obsessive thinking, or compulsive behaviors

13 Self-Injury: Cutting (cont) ► What Can Happen to People Who Cut?  The troubles that triggered the cutting remain, they're just masked over  Possible to misjudge the depth of a cut, making it so deep that it requires stitches  Cuts can become infected if a person uses non- sterile or dirty cutting instruments - razors, scissors, pins, or even the sharp edge of the tab on a can of soda.  Most people who cut aren't attempting suicide

14 Suicide ► The intentional killing of oneself ► Affects all kinds of people: young, old, smart, rich, poor, average ► Most suicides occur without warning ► Between 1950 and 1990 teen suicide rate quadrupled (declined since 1990)

15 Suicide Facts ► 3 rd leading cause of death for ages 10 to 24, 2 nd leading cause for ages 25-34, and 4 th leading cause for ages ► 11 people between die every day ► Within every 2 hours and 15 minutes, a person under 25 commits suicide ► Males are more likely to be successful in committing suicide ► Firearms most commonly used in suicides (account for 57% of all suicides)

16 Suicide Facts (cont) ► Females are more likely to attempt suicide ► Black youths have shown the largest increase in suicide rates (still lower than whites) ► Most teen suicides occur after school hours and at home ► Likely that 3 students in every classroom have attempted suicide in the last year ► Not all attempters may admit their intent

17 Suicide facts (cont) ► 1 out of 16 people diagnosed with depression eventually end their life by suicide ► Risk of suicide in people with depression is 20 times greater then general population ► Alcohol and drug dependent people at greater risk ► Suicide rate is highest for elderly (85+) ► Suicide is preventable; some give warning signs ► Surviving family members at higher risk of suicide and emotional problems

18 Cluster Suicides ► Suicides and suicide attempts can trigger other suicides ► Cluster suicides: a series of suicides that occur within a short period of time in the same peer group or community  Some can involve a pact between friends  Some occur in response to an initial suicide  Immediate counseling after a suicide can help to prevent cluster suicides

19 Suicide Risk Factors ► Mood Disorders (depression) ► Previous attempt or family history of suicide ► Having both a mental disorder and a substance abuse disorder ► Feelings of hopelessness or isolation ► Lack of access to mental health treatment ► Being influenced by the suicide of family members, peers, or celebrities

20 Suicide Protective Factors ► Treatment of mental disorders ► Getting treatment for substance abuse ► Becoming connected to school/community ► Gaining close relationships with family, friends, others ► Having personal beliefs that discourage suicide

21 Helping Others: Suicide Prevention ► Take all threats seriously ► Privately let the person know that you are concerned ► Remind them that suicide cannot be reversed ► Reassure them that many people contemplate suicide but don’t actually do it ► Listen to suicide plans; can indicate how permanent plans are

22 Helping Others: Suicide Prevention ► Share your own experiences ► Never be sworn to secrecy; may lose a friendship, but may save a life ► Be honest about contacting family members ► Become familiar with the local services/ contacts and make appropriate referrals

23 Helping Yourself: Suicide Prevention ► Remember that suicide is NEVER a solution to problems ► Talk to an adult or mental health professional ► Explore resources at school (nurse, counselor, psychologist) ► Be honest about suicidal thoughts ► Contact a 24 hour crisis center


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